Hepatitis E virus
|Hepatitis E virus|
|TEM micrograph of hepatitis E virions.|
|Group:||Group IV ((+)ssRNA)|
The Hepatitis E virus is the causative agent of Hepatitis E. Its taxonomic name is Orthohepevirus A.
The viral particles are 27 to 34 nanometers in diameter, are non-enveloped and contain a single-strand of positive-sense RNA that is approximately 7300 bases in length. The virus particle was first visualised in 1983 but was only molecularly cloned in 1990.
It was previously classified in the Caliciviridae family. However, its genome more closely resembles the rubella virus. It is now classified as a member of the genus Orthohepevirus in the Hepeviridae family.
- Balayan MS, Andjaparidze AG, Savinskaya SS, et al. (1983). "Evidence for a virus in non-A, non-B hepatitis transmitted via the fecal-oral route". Intervirology 20 (1): 23–31. doi:10.1159/000149370. PMID 6409836.
- Reyes GR, Purdy MA, Kim JP, et al. (1990). "Isolation of a cDNA from the virus responsible for enterically transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis". Science 247 (4948): 1335–9. doi:10.1126/science.2107574. PMID 2107574.
- "ICTV Virus Taxonomy: 2009 release". Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- Hepatitis E virus at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Hepeviridae
- "Hepatitis E virus". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 12461.