Heptathela

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Heptathela
Heptathela.kimurai.yanbaruensis.female.-.tanikawa.jpg
Heptathela kimurai
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mesothelae
Family: Liphistiidae
Genus: Heptathela
Kishida, 1923[1]
Species

See text.

Diversity[1]
10 species

Heptathela is a genus of spiders that includes the Kimura spider (Heptathela kimurai). They are trapdoor spiders of the family Liphistiidae and are found in Japan, including Okinawa and the Ryukyu Islands.[1] Spiders of this genus lack venom glands.[2]

Females are up to 25 mm long, males slightly smaller. Burrows have an oval shaped door which is hinged across the long diameter.[3]

Name[edit]

The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek hepta "seven", referring to the number of spinneret glands.

Species[edit]

As of April 2017, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following species:[1]

Many of the species formerly placed in this genus have been transferred to other genera in the family Liphistiidae, including Sinothela, Songthela and Vinathela.[1]

Social reference[edit]

This is the genus of spider referenced by Vincent Price in the introduction to Alice Cooper's The Black Widow on his Welcome to my Nightmare album.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Gen. Heptathela Kishida, 1923". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2017-04-01. 
  2. ^ Forster, R. R. & Platnick, N. I. (1984). "A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives, with notes on the limits of the superfamily Palpimanoidea (Arachnida, Araneae)" (abstract). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 178: 1–106. Retrieved 2008-10-13.  Full text at "A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-10-13.  (60 MB)
  3. ^ Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000). An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Nature Society. ISBN 978-983-9681-17-8. 

External links[edit]