Coordinates: 65°10′44.06″N 16°20′50.36″W / 65.1789056°N 16.3473222°W / 65.1789056; -16.3473222
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Herðubreið, viewed from the southeast
Highest point
Elevation1,682 m (5,518 ft)
ListingList of volcanoes in Iceland
Coordinates65°10′44.06″N 16°20′50.36″W / 65.1789056°N 16.3473222°W / 65.1789056; -16.3473222
Herðubreið is located in Iceland
LocationEastern Iceland
Age of rockPleistocene
Mountain typeTuya
Last eruptionPleistocene

Herðubreið (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈhɛrðʏˌpreiːθ] , broad-shouldered) is a tuya in northern part of Vatnajökull National Park, Iceland. It is situated in the Highlands of Iceland at the east side of the Ódáðahraun ([ˈouːˌtauːðaˌr̥œyːn]) desert and close to Askja volcano. The desert is a large lava field originating from eruptions of Trölladyngja and other shield volcanoes in the area. Herðubreið was formed beneath the icesheet that covered Iceland during the last glacial period.[1]



Due to the mountain's steep and unstable sides, the first ascent was in 1908 despite centuries of knowledge of its existence.[citation needed]

The mountain is often referred to as "The Queen of Icelandic Mountains" by Icelanders due to its beautiful shape.[2]

Near the mountain lies an oasis called Herðubreiðarlindir [ˈhɛrðʏˌpreiːðarˌlɪntɪr̥] with a campground and hiking trails. In former times, outcasts who had been excluded from Icelandic society because of crimes they had committed lived at the oasis.[citation needed] One such outlaw was Fjalla-Eyvindur, who lived there during the winter of 1774–1775.[3]

In 2019, Herðubreið became a part of Vatnajökull National Park.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Teitsson, Ingvar. "Herðubreið - Drottning íslenskra fjalla". International year of mountains 2002. Icelandic Environment Association. Archived from the original on 2005-02-21. Retrieved 2011-10-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) Archive.org
  2. ^ "Var Herðubreið eldfjall og gæti hún gosið?".
  3. ^ Askja and Kverkfjoll: Exploring the Area, Frommer's Iceland, 1st Edition.
  4. ^ "Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður stækkaður: Herðubreið og Herðubreiðarlindir hluti af þjóðgarðinum".

External links[edit]