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Herðubreið, viewed from the southeast
|Elevation||1,682 m (5,518 ft)|
|Listing||List of volcanoes in Iceland|
|Age of rock||Pleistocene|
Herðubreið (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈhɛrðʏpreiθ], broad-shouldered) is a tuya in north-east Iceland. It is situated in the Highlands of Iceland at the east side of the Ódáðahraun desert and close to Askja volcano. The desert is a large lava field originating from eruptions of Trölladyngja and other shield volcanoes in the area. Herðubreið was formed beneath the icesheet that covered Iceland during the last glacial period.
Due to the mountain's steep and unstable sides, the first ascent was in 1908 despite centuries of knowledge of its existence.
Near the mountain lies an oasis called Herðubreiðarlindir with a campground and hiking trails. In former times, outcasts who had been excluded from Icelandic society because of crimes they had committed lived at the oasis. One such outlaw was Fjalla-Eyvindur, who lived there during the winter of 1774–1775.
- Teitsson, Ingvar. "Herðubreið - Drottning íslenskra fjalla". International year of mountains 2002. Icelandic Environment Association. Archived from the original on 2005-02-21. Retrieved 2011-10-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Archive.org
- Askja and Kverkfjoll: Exploring the Area, Frommer's Iceland, 1st Edition.
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