Herøy, Møre og Romsdal

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Herøy kommune
Municipality
View of Fosnavåg
View of Fosnavåg
Coat of arms of Herøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Herøy kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Herøy within Møre og Romsdal
Herøy within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°21′20″N 05°32′40″E / 62.35556°N 5.54444°E / 62.35556; 5.54444Coordinates: 62°21′20″N 05°32′40″E / 62.35556°N 5.54444°E / 62.35556; 5.54444
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Administrative centreFosnavåg
Government
 • Mayor (2003)Arnulf Goksøyr (H)
Area
 • Total119.53 km2 (46.15 sq mi)
 • Land118.02 km2 (45.57 sq mi)
 • Water1.51 km2 (0.58 sq mi)
Area rank#366 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total8,957
 • Rank#127 in Norway
 • Density75.9/km2 (197/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)7.6%
Demonym(s)Herøyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1515
Official language formNynorsk
Websitewww.heroy.kommune.no

Herøy is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative centre is the town of Fosnavåg on the island of Bergsøya. The industrial area of Eggesbønes is located south of Fosnavåg on the same island. The Runde Environmental Centre is located in the northern part of the municipality on Runde island. Other population centres in Herøy include the villages of Leikong, Kvalsund, or Moltustranda.

The 120-square-kilometre (46 sq mi) municipality is the 366th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Herøy is the 127th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 8,957. The municipality's population density is 75.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (197/sq mi) and its population has increased by 7.6% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

The prestegjeld (parish) of Herøy was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1867, the western district of Herøy was separated to become the new Sande Municipality. This left Herøy municipality with 1,999 residents. On 1 January 1873, an area of Sande (population: 362) was transferred back to Herøy. On 1 January 1889, the Eiksund area and Ekø island (population: 119) were transferred from Sande to Herøy.

On 1 January 1964, three farms in the Gurskedalen valley (population: 25) were transferred from Herøy to Sande. Also on that date, the Eiksund area and the Eika island (population: 222) were transferred from Herøy to neighboring Ulstein Municipality.[3]

The island of Runde

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after an archipelago of small islands (Old Norse: Herøyjar). The first element is herr which means "army" (here in the sense skipaherr which means "military fleet") and the last element is the plural form of øy which means "island". Before 1918, the name was written Herø.[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 27 March 1987. The arms show two silver or white stems of a ship on a blue background. This design was chosen to represent the 7th century Kvalsund boats found in the municipality.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Herøy. It is part of the Søre Sunnmøre deanery in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Herøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Herøy Herøy Church Fosnavåg 2003
Indre Herøy Indre Herøy Church Stokksund on Gurskøya 1916
Leikanger Leikanger Church Leikong 1807

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Herøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Herøy is made up of 33 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Herøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet10
 Progress PartyFramstegspartiet3
 Conservative PartyHøgre11
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti4
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
 Local ListsLokale lister4
Total number of members:33

Geography[edit]

The main island of Bergsøy

The main population and administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Fosnavåg, located on the island of Bergsøya. The municipality is entirely composed of islands located north of the Rovdefjorden. It includes the main islands of Bergsøya, Leinøya, Nerlandsøya, Remøya, Runde, Skorpa, Flåvær, and the eastern part of Gurskøya, plus many smaller islands. The island of Runde is especially notable for its large seabird colonies (and Runde Lighthouse), while Skorpa is famous for its role as a station for the Shetland bus. The islands are connected together via a series of bridges including the Runde Bridge, Remøy Bridge, Herøy Bridge, and Nerlandsøy Bridge.

The Herøyfjorden bisects Herøy municipality. The half located south of the fjord is referred to as Inner Herøy, while the half located north of the fjord is referred to as Outer Herøy. Inner and Outer Herøy are tied together by the Herøy Bridge which connects the islands of Gurskøy and Leinøya. Along this main route of traffic is the islet Notøy and the even smaller Herøya islet, an old trading station (now museum) and the original location of the original Herøy Church.

The fishing station Flåvær is located on a group of islets and skerries in the Herøyfjord, It includes the islets Flåvær, Husholmen, Torvholmen and Varholmen. The Flåvær Lighthouse is located on Varholmen.

The Svinøy Lighthouse is located on the very small island of Svinøy, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west of the island of Skorpa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 36.
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  6. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.

External links[edit]