Heracleides of Cyme

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This article is about the historian. For the former butterfly genus, see Papilio. For the philosopher, see Heraclides Ponticus.

Heracleides (or Heraclides) of Cyme (Greek: Ἡρακλείδης; fl. 350 B.C.) is a little-attested Greek historian who wrote a multivolume Persica, or history of Persia, not extant.[1] Fragments from the Persica are preserved primarily by Athenaeus and it describe the customs of the Persian court. Heracleides was himself a subject of Persia under the Achaemenid Empire.[2]


  1. ^ Albin Lesky, A History of Greek Literature, translated by Cornelis de Heer and James Willis (Hackett, 1966), p. 628 online.
  2. ^ George Cawkwell, The Greek Wars (Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 18–19 online; see also Thomas Harrison, Greeks and Barbarians (Taylor & Francis, 2001), p. 209, note 16 online.

Further reading[edit]

  • For discussion of passages from the Persica, see Pierre Bryant, From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire, translated by Peter Daniels (EIsenbrauns, 2002), limited preview online; search "Heraclides of Cyme"

External links[edit]