Jump to content

Herb Cain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Herb Cain
Born (1912-12-24)December 24, 1912
Newmarket, Ontario, Canada
Died February 23, 1982(1982-02-23) (aged 69)
Newmarket, Ontario, Canada
Height 5 ft 11 in (180 cm)
Weight 165 lb (75 kg; 11 st 11 lb)
Position Left wing
Shot Left
Played for Montreal Maroons
Montreal Canadiens
Boston Bruins
Playing career 1933–1950

Herbert James Cain (December 24, 1912 – February 23, 1982) was a Canadian professional ice hockey left winger who played 13 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Montreal Maroons, Montreal Canadiens, and Boston Bruins between 1933 and 1946.

Early life[edit]

Cain was born in Newmarket, Ontario to John (Jack) and Elizabeth "Eliza" Cain (née Currier). He started to develop his skills on "the pond" now known as Fairy Lake, with Liberty magazines for shin guards. One year his team from St John's Separate School counted 56 goals. Cain netted every one of them.[1]

He played Junior A hockey in Newmarket and Hamilton. Cain's future as an NHL great was foreshadowed in 1931 playing for the Newmarket Redmen. Just turned 20, he scored 11 goals in six playoff games.[2]

Early playing career[edit]

Cain launched his National Hockey League (NHL) career with the Montreal Maroons for part of the 1933–34 season. Boston sportswriter Bill Grimes claimed that a Maroons scout had gone to Windsor[3] to evaluate the play of Toe Blake, but he picked Cain over Blake, who remained a life-long friend of Cain. Another version from Cain's family is that the scout picked both of them.

As a member of the Maroons, Cain played on a line with Gus Marker and Bob Gracie. They were dubbed the "Green Line" and their combined offensive skills led to the teams' second Stanley Cup Championship in 1934–35.[4] In his first full season, as a 22-year-old NHL rookie, Cain scored a team-leading 20 goals in 44 games. This placed him eighth in NHL goal scoring for 1934-35—as a rookie.[5]

After the Montreal Maroons folded during the Great Depression, Cain was dealt to the Montreal Canadiens in the fall of 1938. In his one season with the Habs, or the "French" as some Boston sportswriters called them,[6] Cain stood second in goal scoring (13) behind Toe Blake (24).[7] This was before Montreal became a powerhouse and in 1938–39, they finished sixth of seven teams in season play. Montreal notching only 39 points that year against Boston's 74; eventually Boston won the Stanley Cup.[8]

Boston Bruins[edit]

At the beginning of the 1939–40 season, Cain was a holdout in the Montreal Canadiens' training camp, bargaining for a better salary. Montreal traded him to the Boston Bruins for Charlie Sands and Ray Getliffe.[9] Cain played his first game for the Bruins, their season opener, in Toronto on November 4, before practising with his new team. The Bruins lost 5-0 but went on to finish first in the league on the season. That year Milt Schmidt and Woody Dumart led the Bruins goal scoring with 22 goals each, with Cain in third with 21, tied with Bobby Bauer. Cain had seven game winners, and his 21 total goals tied him with Hall of Famer Gordie Drillon for fourth place in goal scoring in the entire league. Only five NHL players scored 20 goals or more, [10] with four of them on the Bruins.

With the Second World War continuing into 1941, Canadian authorities threatened to prohibit single men between the ages of 21 and 25 from working in the United States; nearly all hockey players in the U.S. were Canadian. Cain turned 29 in 1941 and he was married so he was free to make his living in the U.S. but the younger Schmidt and Dumart enlisted with the Royal Canadian Air Force, potentially breaking up the Bruins' famous Kraut line of Schmidt, Dumart and Bauer.[11] These three had finished one-two-three in NHL scoring in 1939–40: Schmidt with 52 points and Bauer and Dumart tied with 43 points. In spite of their initial military call-up, the Krauts played the entire 1940–41 season. Cain was injured, missed nine games and finished the 1940–41 season with just eight goals and ten assists.[3] In the playoffs, however, with two goals and three assists, he was sixth in Bruin scoring and helped to win the Stanley Cup in 1941.[12]

In 1941–42, Cain again notched eight goals and ten assists when he missed 15 games due to injuries. In 1942, more hockey players were joining the war effort. In all ten eventual Hall of Fame forwards from Herb Cain's era, served in World War II.[13] Boston lost its entire first line when the Krauts enlisted. On February 10, 1942, Montreal Canadiens and Boston players, archenemies during the match, hoisted the Krauts to their shoulders and skated them around the Boston Garden to honour their patriotic duty, which in large part meant being physical education instructors and playing hockey for military teams.[14][15][16]

With the Kraut Line out of the NHL, left-winger Herb Cain, centre Bill Cowley and various right wingers, including Art Jackson, became Boston's first line. In 1942–43, Cain missed five games due to injuries but managed to score 18 goals and add 18 assists. Cain finished fifth in Bruins goal scoring, well behind Cowley's 27 markers, and was 22nd in the league.[17] In the playoffs, Cain was second in Boston scoring with four goals in seven games, behind Jackson's who had six goals in nine games.

NHL scoring championship[edit]

In 1943–44, Cain had the most productive year of his hockey career, again playing on a line with Bill Cowley and often with Art Jackson. Occasionally Cain played on a line with right-winger Buzz Boll, who said of him, "He's so fast that he beats me to all of those loose pucks in front of the cage."[3] Cain won the NHL scoring title with 82 points in 49 games, thereby setting a record for points in a season. This nine more points than the previous record held by Doug Bentley (1943) and Cooney Weiland (1930). In 1944 Cain was also selected as a Second Team All-Star at left wing, and with only four minutes in penalties he was runner up to Clint Smith of the Chicago Black Hawks, who also served four minutes in penalties, for the Lady Byng Trophy. Cain's scoring record of 82 points stood until Gordie Howe scored 86 in 1950–51. Howe set the new record—of just four more points—in a 70-game season—21 more games than Cain played in 1943–44.

From first in scoring in 1943–44, in 1944–45 he fell to 13th place although he was second in goals to Maurice Richard who blasted 50.[18] In the playoffs in 1945, Cain led his team in scoring with five goals and two assists in seven games.[19] The next season, 1945–46, Cain's scoring dipped to 17 goals, and 12 assists, still placing him 18th in goal scoring. In 1945–46, the NHL had implemented a one assist rule and although it was not always followed assiduously, assists were down 30% in the league over the previous year.[20][better source needed] This might account in part for Cain's low assist total although throughout his 13-year NHL career, he counted more goals than assists four times.

AHL play[edit]

In 1946–47 Cain was sent to the Hershey Bears of the American Hockey League (AHL). In four seasons, he scored 92 goals, and helped the Bears win their first Calder Cup. Near the end of his fourth season he had a serious injury, and driving home to Newmarket from Pennsylvania at the end of the season with his leg in a cast, he decided to retire from professional hockey at age 35.[21]

Cain claimed he was blackballed by Art Ross, the fiery manager of the Bruins, because he asked for a raise.[22] In Brian McFarlane's book, The Bruins, Cain is quoted as saying that in 1946 the New York Rangers and the Chicago Black Hawks had been eager to acquire his services.[23] Cain's daughter Colleen corroborates McFarlane's reporting.

Hockey Hall of Fame[edit]

Telegram to Herb Cain informing him of his nomination to the Hockey Hall of Fame

When a benefit was held to raise money for his cancer treatment in the 1960s, members of the NHL hockey squad sent Cain a telegram indicating that he had been nominated to the Hockey Hall of Fame. To date, Herb Cain remains the only NHL scoring champion who is not in the Hockey Hall of Fame.

Personal life[edit]

Cain devoted himself to Newmarket, his wife Shirley and their children, Terry and Colleen, who claims she was skating at two. Herb coached the Junior C team, the Newmarket Smokies and they won the Ontario championship in 1956, 1958 and 1959.

In 1964 when Cain was diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma, doctors at Toronto's Princess Margaret Hospital prescribed chemotherapy. He was expected to die but lived another 17 years.

Awards and achievements[edit]


1943–44 - Set NHL record for most points in a season with 82

Career statistics[edit]

Regular season Playoffs
Season Team League GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
1931–32 Newmarket Redmen OHA-Jr. 7 7 2 9 6 6 11 0 11
1932–33 Hamilton Tigers OHA-Sr. 22 14 5 19 20 5 3 3 6 2
1933–34 Montreal Maroons NHL 30 4 5 9 14 4 0 0 0 0
1933–34 Hamilton Tigers OHA-Sr. 11 4 2 6 17
1934–35 Montreal Maroons NHL 44 20 7 27 13 7 1 0 1 2
1934–35 Windsor Bulldogs IHL 6 1 3 4 6
1935–36 Montreal Maroons NHL 48 5 13 18 16 3 0 1 1 0
1936–37 Montreal Maroons NHL 42 13 17 30 18 5 1 1 2 0
1937–38 Montreal Maroons NHL 47 11 19 30 10
1938–39 Montreal Canadiens NHL 45 13 14 27 26 3 0 0 0 2
1939–40 Boston Bruins NHL 48 21 10 31 30 6 1 3 4 2
1940–41 Boston Bruins NHL 41 8 10 18 6 11 3 2 5 5
1940–41 Hershey Bears AHL 1 1 0 1 0
1941–42 Boston Bruins NHL 34 8 10 18 2 5 1 0 1 0
1942–43 Boston Bruins NHL 45 18 18 36 19 7 4 2 6 0
1943–44 Boston Bruins NHL 48 36 46 82 4
1944–45 Boston Bruins NHL 50 32 13 45 16 7 5 2 7 0
1945–46 Boston Bruins NHL 48 17 12 29 4 9 0 2 2 2
1946–47 Hershey Bears AHL 59 36 30 66 19 11 9 6 15 9
1947–48 Hershey Bears AHL 49 19 19 38 25 2 0 1 1 0
1948–49 Hershey Bears AHL 49 25 35 60 10 11 4 6 10 6
1949–50 Hershey Bears AHL 41 12 14 26 8
NHL totals 570 206 194 400 178 67 16 13 29 13

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Stubbs, Dave. "Cain has claim to Hall of Fame". Retrieved 2020-10-15 – via PressReader.
  2. ^ "Herb Cain Stats". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  3. ^ a b c Article entitled, "Pace Setter Herbie Cain", from the Cain family archives written by Bill Grimes, of the Boston Evening Advertiser, undated but apparently from 1944.
  4. ^ "Nhl". Playoffs 1935. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  5. ^ "1934-35 NHL Skater Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  6. ^ Mooney, J. W. (March 13, 1944). "Bruins Set Back Canadiens, 6 to 5". Boston Post. p. 12.
  7. ^ "Montreal Canadiens @ NHL - 1938‑1939 Stats". QuantHockey. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  8. ^ "1938-39 NHL Standings". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  9. ^ "Bruins Trade Charlie Sands for Herb Cain". Boston Globe. November 2, 1939.
  10. ^ "1939-40 NHL Skater Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  11. ^ "Milt Schmidt centered Bruins' legendary 'Kraut Line'". NHL. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  12. ^ "1941 Bruins Set Some Records". The Hockey Guy. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  13. ^ "Hockey Hall of Famers traded sticks for rifles to fight for country".
  14. ^ Executive Producer, Darryl Lepik (2009). The History of the Boston Bruins. Warner Video.
  15. ^ "Memories: Kraut Line carried off Boston Garden Ice". NHL. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  16. ^ "Kraut Line' of Bruins honored before going to war".
  17. ^ "1942-43 NHL Skater Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  18. ^ "Memories: Richard records 50th goal of the season". NHL. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  19. ^ "Herb Cain Stats". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  20. ^ "1945 NHL One Assist Rule". HFBoards - NHL Message Board and Forum for National Hockey League. February 2014. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  21. ^ "Newmarket's Herb Cain deserves Hockey Hall of Fame recognition". NewmarketToday.ca. 24 August 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  22. ^ McFarlane, Brian (1999). The Bruins. Toronto: Stoddard Pub. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-0-7737-3189-9.
  23. ^ McFarlane, Brian (1999). The Bruins. Toronto: Stoddard Publishing. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-0-7737-3189-9.

External links[edit]

Preceded by NHL Scoring Champion
Succeeded by
  1. ^ "Herb Cain nhl photos on the web - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 2020-10-22.