|Born||29 July 1914
|Died||30 April 1945 (aged 30)
|Years of service||1939–45|
|Awards||Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Herbert Bareuther (29 July 1914 – 30 April 1945) was a World War II fighter ace from Nazi Germany. He was born on 29 July 1914 at Asch in Egerland. Bareuther was credited with having shot down a total of 55 enemy aircraft. All the victories he achieved were recorded over the Eastern Front.
In early 1939, Bareuther joined the Luftwaffe and was posted to Jagdgeschwader 51 (JG 51) in spring 1941 as Unteroffizier. He achieved his first victory over the Eastern Front on 22 June after he shot down a Soviet bomber Ilyushin DB-3. By the end of 1941 he had shot down a total of nine enemy aircraft. He then become involved in flying close air support missions. Bareuther also undertook a lengthy period of fighter pilot instructing. He was promoted to the rank of Leutnant in summer 1944. By the middle of August 1944, he had 44 victories to his credit. But he was shot down over Warsaw in an aerial combat. Bareuther bailed out injured but was captured by partisan forces. Later he was freed by German troops.
In February 1945, Bareuther returned to combat duty in Luftwaffe and served with the IV./JG 3 based on the Eastern Front. While serving with this unit, he achieved his last eleven victories. In mid-April Bareuther was appointed Staffelkapitän.
On 30 April 1945, Bareuther was hit by Russian flak undertaking a ground support mission in the Pasewalk area. His aircraft hit a tree and he was killed in the subsequent crash. Leutnant Bareuther was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 5 May 1945.
Herbert Bareuther received a total of three awards:
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe awarded on 15 February 1943
- German Cross in Gold awarded on 5 February 1944 as Oberfeldwebel in the 3./Jagdgeschwader 51
Herbert Bareuther is listed as a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross in Ernst Obermaier's book Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 - 1945. However he is not listed in Walther-Peer Fellgiebel's work Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 nor in Veit Scherzer's book Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives.
- Herbert Bareuther
- Weal 2007, p. 89.
- Obermaier 1989, p. 84.
- Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 24.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) . Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Weal, John (2007). More Bf 109 Aces of the Russian Front. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84603-177-9.