Herbert Choy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Herbert Choy
Herbert Choy.jpg
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
In office
October 3, 1984 – March 10, 2004
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
In office
April 23, 1971 – October 3, 1984
Appointed byRichard Nixon
Preceded byStanley Barnes
Succeeded byMelvin T. Brunetti
Personal details
Born
Herbert Young Cho Choy

(1916-01-06)January 6, 1916
Makaweli, Kauai, Hawaii
DiedMarch 10, 2004(2004-03-10) (aged 88)
Honolulu, Hawaii
EducationUniversity of Hawaii (B.A.)
Harvard Law School (J.D.)
Korean name
Hangul
최영조
Revised RomanizationChoe Yeong-jo
McCune–ReischauerCh'oe Yŏng-cho

Herbert Young Cho Choy (January 6, 1916 – March 10, 2004) was the first Asian American to serve as a United States federal judge and the first person of Korean ancestry to be admitted to the bar in the United States.[1] He served as a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Education and career[edit]

Born to Korean immigrants who worked in sugar plantations in Hawaii on January 6, 1916, in Makaweli, Kauai, Hawaii, Choy received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1938 from the University of Hawaii. He received a Juris Doctor in 1941 from Harvard Law School. He served in the Hawaii Territorial Guard from 1941 to 1942. He served in the United States Army from 1942 to 1946. In 1946, Choy served in the United States Army Judge Advocate General's Corps. Choy was in private practice in Honolulu, Hawaii, from 1946 to 1971. He was the first person of Korean ancestry to be admitted to the practice of law in the United States. He served with the law firm of Fong Miho Choy & Robinson from 1947 to 1957, with one of his partners being future United States Senator Hiram Fong. From 1957 to 1958, Choy served as Attorney General for the Territory of Hawaii.[2]

Federal judicial service[edit]

At the recommendation of Senator Fong, Choy was nominated by President Richard Nixon on April 7, 1971, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit vacated by Judge Stanley Nelson Barnes. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 21, 1971, and received his commission on April 23, 1971. He was the first Asian American on the federal bench as well as the first Hawaii native. He assumed senior status on October 3, 1984. His service terminated on March 10, 2004, due to his death.[2]

Former clerk[edit]

In 2001, one of Choy's former law clerks, Richard Clifton, became the second judge from Hawaii to serve on the Ninth Circuit.[3][4]

Death[edit]

Choy died in Honolulu on March 10, 2004 due to complications from pneumonia.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Isle Judge was Asian Pioneer in the Law Field Nationwide". archives.starbulletin.com. March 12, 2004. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Herbert Young Cho Choy at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ "Clifton to step down as active federal appeals court judge". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. 2016-01-05. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  4. ^ a b "Herbert Choy served on 9th Circuit Court". the.honoluluadvertiser.com. March 12, 2004. Retrieved July 20, 2015.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Stanley Barnes
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
1971–1984
Succeeded by
Melvin T. Brunetti