Herbert Copeland

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Herbert Faulkner Copeland
Born May 21, 1902
Died October 15, 1968 (1968-10-16) (aged 66)
Known for biological kingdoms, esp. Monera
Author abbrev. (botany) H.F.Copel.

Herbert Faulkner Copeland (May 21, 1902 – October 15, 1968) was an American biologist who contributed to the theory of biological kingdoms. He is responsible for the fourth kingdom, Monera. In 1966, he included bacteria and one of the most primitive algae, called blue green algae, under this kingdom.

His father was Edwin Copeland (founder of the College of Agriculture at the University of the Philippines Los Banos and a leading pteridologists).


  • "The kingdoms of organisms", Quarterly review of biology v.13, p. 383-420, 1938.
  • The classification of lower organisms, Palo Alto, Calif., Pacific Books, 1956.