Herbert James Gunn
|Herbert James Gunn|
|Born||Herbert James Gunn
30 June 1893
|Died||30 December 1964
|Known for||Landscape and portrait|
Sir Herbert James Gunn (also known as Sir James Gunn) was born in Glasgow on 30 June 1893, the son of Richard Gunn, a draper, and Thomasina Munro. He studied for several years at the Glasgow School of Art and the Edinburgh College of Art. In 1911 he went to the Académie Julian in Paris where he studied under Jean-Paul Laurens. After he left Paris, Gunn travelled to Spain and then spent time in London, where he mostly painted landscapes. At the outbreak of the First World War, Gunn initially joined the Artists Rifles. He subsequently received a commission in the 10th Scottish Rifles and saw active service in France. During the conflict he continued to paint, most notably a work depicting troops on the eve of the Battle of the Somme.
Gunn began as a landscape painter and travelled widely, exhibiting Paintings of Rome etc at the Fine Art Society in 1929. During the 1920s, he increasingly concentrated on portrait painting and after 1929 he devoted himself exclusively to portraits. In November 1939, Gunn offered his services to the War Artists' Advisory Committee and subsequently received three portrait commissions from them.
Gunn's paintings are on show in a number of galleries and his 1953 portrait of Queen Elizabeth II is in the Royal Collection. He also painted notable portraits of King George V and also of Harold Macmillan, in his role as Chancellor of Oxford University. He was elected President of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters in 1953, a post he held until his death. He was elected an associte member of the Royal Academy in 1953 and a full academician in 1961. Gunn was knghted for services to painting in 1963. An 80-page catalogue of his work which were exhibited at the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh from December 1994 to February 1995, was published by the National Galleries of Scotland in 1994.
Gunn married Gwendoline Thorne in 1919 and they had three daughters. He divorced his first wife who ran off with Sir Arthur Whinney. Gunn subsequently married Pauline Miller with whom he had a son and another daughter. Pauline was the model for a number of his paintings, including his 1961 diploma submission to the Royal Academy. Gunn died in London on 30 December 1964. A requiem mass for the repose of his soul was held at the Church of the Immaculate Conception, Farm Street, London in January 1965.
- Frances Spalding (1990). 20th Century Painters and Sculptors. Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1 85149 106 6.
- Brian Stewart & Mervyn Cutten (1997). The Dictionary of Portrait Painters in Britain up to 1920. Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1 85149 173 2.
- "Obituary: Sir James Gunn RA". The Glasgow Herald. 2 January 1965. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Online Galleries
- Jenny Spencer -Smith (1 July 2016). "Not so quiet on the Western Front - the art of warfare". Art UK. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Panter & Hall
- Imperial War Museum. "War artists archive, James Gunn". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "James Gunn R.A". Royal Academy. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "Sir Herbert James Gunn R.A". The Lynda Cotton Gallery. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Eaton Square
- "British Artist's Portrait of his Estranged Children is priced £60,000". JustCollecting. 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "Pauline Waiting by Sir James Gunn". Royal Academy. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
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