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20 April 1970|
|Occupation||World Record Holder Free-diver and Air pilot|
Herbert Nitsch (born 20 April 1970) is an Austrian freediver who has held world records in all of the eight freediving disciplines recognised by AIDA International. He is the current freediving world record champion and “the deepest man on earth”. This title was given to him when he set a world record in the "No Limits" discipline at the depth of 214 meters (702 feet). To date, he has achieved 33 official World Records (see the table below) across all freediving disciplines, and one world record in the traditional Greek discipline of Skandalopetra 107 m (351 ft). He surpassed his own No Limits depth with a world record dive in June 2012 to 253.2 meters (831 feet).
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Development as a freediver
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Achievements and competition history
Nitsch holds the No-Limits record, the title of "Deepest man on Earth" in which the diver can make use of a weighted sled to descend as far as possible and uses an air-filled balloon to return to the surface. Nitsch set the world record in Spetses, Greece in June 2007 when he descended to 214 m (702 ft), beating his own record of 183 m (600 ft) set the previous year. He also held the world record in the Constant Weight event, which is considered by many to be the classic free-diving discipline: the diver descends next to a line, not using the line and unaided by a sled, and must maintain a constant weight, meaning that no weight can be dropped for the return to the surface. Nitsch exceeded the then world record in 2006 when he dived to a depth of 110 m (361 ft), but failure to complete the strict surfacing protocols within the allotted time meant that the dive was disqualified. In Hurghada, Egypt, in December 2006 he did a Constant Weight World Record dive of 111 m (364 ft), adding 2 m on top of Guillaume Néry's previous record.
Later in 2007, he also set the Constant weight (No Fins) record during The Triple Depth in Dahab, Egypt, and went on to push the Constant record to 112 m (367 ft) during the World Championships in Sharm. Herbert also won the AIDA Individual World Championships.
Of the other five AIDA recognised events, Nitsch has been the world record holder in four: Static Apnea, Dynamic Apnea, Free Immersion and Dynamic apnea without fins. He set a time of 9 mins 4 secs for the world Static Apnea record in December 2006 when he held his breath underwater in a swimming pool in Hurgada, a time that was beaten by 4 secs in 2007 by Tom Sietas of Germany. His record of 66 m (217 ft) for Constant Weight without fins, set in 2004, was beaten by 14 m in 2005 by Czech free-diver, Martin Štěpánek, who is also the holder of the Free Immersion record of 106 m (348 ft); Nitsch recorded 100 m (328 ft) in September 2003, but his record was bettered by a dive of 101 m by Carlos Coste of Venezuela in October the same year and then twice improved upon by Štěpánek. Nitsch's Dynamic Apnea record, 183 m set in 2002, has been beaten by 40 m by Tom Sietas and women's champion, Natalia Molchanova of Russia, has also swum further than 200 m. Sietas also holds the Dynamic apnea without fins record at 183 m, beating Nitsch's 2001 distance of 134 m by almost 50 m.
During the 2009 Vertical Blue competition at the Dean's Blue Hole in Bahamas in April, Nitsch set the Free Immersion world record at 109 m (358 ft). He also established two subsequent world record dives in Constant Weight at 114 m (374 ft), and 120 m (394 ft) on the last day of the competition, beating by 6 m the previous record that he had set a few days earlier. He used his arms only in the last 40 m (131 ft) of this ascent, with a total dive time of 3:58.
Later that same year in December at the Dean's Blue Hole in Bahamas, Nitsch broke three world records: Variable Weight at 142 m (466 ft); Free Immersion at 112 m (367 ft); and Constant Weight at 123 m (404 ft).
During his very last competition before retiring from competitive freediving in April of 2010 at Vertical Blue, again at the Dean's Blue Hole in Bahamas, Nitsch set another three world records. He landed two subsequent ones in Free Immersion at 114 m (374 ft) and 120 m (394 ft), and a world record in Constant Weight at 124 m (407 ft).
Nitsch focussed solely his next No Limit event afterwards, which' record attempt fall outside of regulated competition.
Following extensive training using an innovative torpedo-type sled design of very high descend and ascend speed, on June 6 Nitsch managed to reach a depth of 253.2 meters (831 ft), but ten minutes after the dive he experiencing serious symptoms of decompression sickness. Nitsch temporarily fell asleep due to nitrogen narcosis during the last part of the ascent (as opposed to through oxygen starvation), and woke up prior to reaching the surface. Following a planned post-dive decompression, breathing medical oxygen at a shallow depth, he signaled his support team that he felt much weaker than normal, and his condition was assessed as critical enough to require an air transfer to a pre-alerted decompression chamber in Athens, where he received treatment. Nitsch subsequently received extensive decompression treatment in Germany. He had incurred multiple brain strokes due to severe decompression sickness.
The initial prognosis was that he would need home care and be unable to walk without a wheelchair. Through extensive rehabilitation, however, he made a significant recovery. He still has balance and coordination problems on land, but does not experience these underwater. He continues to deep free-dive.
He remains to date the only person that achieved world records across all of AIDA's eight freediving disciplines, in addition to the one he had set in the Greek discipline of Skandalopetra.
|DNF||131 m||27 January 2001||Geneva|
|DYN||170 m||24 February 2001||Geneva|
|CWT||72 m*||16 June 2001||Millstätter See|
|CWT||86 m||11 October 2001||Ibiza|
|DYN||172 m||10 November 2001||Berlin|
|DNF||134 m||24 November 2001||Wiesbaden|
|DYN||181 m||2 February 2002||Vienna|
|FIM||92 m||27 February 2002||Austria|
|DYN||183 m||16 November 2002||Berlin|
|FIM||100 m||5 September 2003||Millstätter See|
|CWT||95 m||5 September 2003||Millstätter See|
|CNF||50 m||6 September 2003||Millstätter See|
|CNF||62 m||11 September 2004||Spetses (Greece)|
|CNF||66 m||12 September 2004||Spetses|
|NLT||172 m||2 October 2005||Žirje (Croatia)|
|NLT||183 m||28 August 2006||Žirje|
|CWT||111 m||9 December 2006||Hurghada (Egypt)|
|STA||9min04sec||13 December 2006||Hurghada|
|NLT||185 m||13 June 2007||Spetses|
|NLT||214 m||14 June 2007||Spetses|
|CNF||83 m||21 October 2007||Dahab (Egypt)|
|CWT||112 m||1 November 2007||Sharm (Egypt)|
|CWT||114 m||4 April 2009||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|FIM||109 m||6 April 2009||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|CWT||120 m||11 April 2009||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|VWT||142 m||7 December 2009||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|FIM||112 m||8 December 2009||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|CWT||123 m||9 December 2009||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|FIM||114 m||19 April 2010||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|CWT||124 m||22 April 2010||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|FIM||120 m||25 April 2010||Long Island (Bahamas)|
|NLT||253.2 m||6 June 2012||Santorini|
72m = AIDA Lake Record; after 2001-12-31 AIDA International no longer separated the records achieved in a lake from those in the sea.
* AIDA no longer accredits No Limit freediving
Documentaires & TV
- 2017: Herbert Nitsch, The Deepest Man On Earth, by UPROXX - Video on YouTube
- 2016: Supertalent Mensch: Körperbeherrscher, by Terra X - Video on YouTube
- 2013: Back from the Abyss / Züruck as der Tiefe, the multiple award winning documentary by Red Bull Media House - Trailer Back from the Abyss: Video on Vimeo and Video on YouTube
- 2012: La Dernière Frontière, by Camera Lucida - Video on YouTube
- 2011: The man who can hold his breath for nine minutes - Inside the Human Body: First to Last, by BBC One- Video on YouTube
- 2009: Apnoetauchen: Neun Minuten ohne einen Atemzug, by Focus Online - Video on YouTube
- 2009: Stefan Raab by TV Total Video on Vimeo
- 2009: Aeschbacher by SRF Video on Vimeo
- 2017: Hyundai Fuel Cell Car Unveiling, by Hyundai - Video on Vimeo and Video on YouTube
- 2011: Extreme 800, by Breitling - Video on YouTube
- "Herbert Nitsch - The Deepest Man on Earth". Retrieved 2014-07-21.
- "AIDA International". 2007. Archived from the original on 26 April 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2007.
- Current Freediving World Records
- "Apnea Mania". 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2007.
- "Freedive Central". 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "Herbert Nitsch receiving treatment after failed Record Attempt, Deeperblue.com".
- "Herbert Nitsch presenting a TED talk in Vienna in November 2010".