Herbert W. Tullgren

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Herbert Wallace Tullgren (July 5, 1889 - February 23, 1944) was an American architect active throughout 1910s-1930s. He was centered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, but his work can be seen in different locations throughout Wisconsin such as Whitefish Bay, Waukesha, Shorewood, and Fond du Lac. His designs made use of Art Deco and Art Moderne, which was popular during the time.

Biography[edit]

Tullgren was born in Chicago, Illinois in July 1889, the second child to Martin and Barbara (née Kregness) Tullgren.[1] During 1894, Martin Tullgren caught the gold rush fever, and left Chicago with his family to become a prospector in Black Hills, South Dakota. Later, he would work as a superintendent of the mines for the Storm Cloud Mining Company in Arizona.[2] The family lived in Maple Gulch on Crown King road, about 11 miles southeast of Prescott, Yavatapi Territory, Arizona, and used a mule as a means of transportation. By the end of the Tullgren’s time in Arizona, Martin worked at Homestake Mining Company building and assisting in timbering, and supporting of galleries.[3]

In 1900, the family moved back to Chicago, where Martin, along with Chicagoan partner Archibald “Archie” Hood, set up their own practice, Hood & Tullgren. The pair received contracts from people/companies such as Chief Justice Fuller, Montgomery Ward & Co., and other leading firms in Chicago. By 1902, they had moved their business, and Martin’s family including Herbert, to Milwaukee. Herbert, under Hood & Tullgren, began his architectural training with his father, which proved to be the only formal architectural education he would receive.[3]

In 1907, Herbert left Milwaukee to attend Staunton Military Academy in Staunton, Virginia. However, he only spent a year there. Afterwards, he began work as a draftsman with his father’s partnership, Hood & Tullgren. By 1909, the partnership had dissolved, and Martin began a new practice, Martin Tullgren & Sons, with both sons, Sven Minard and Herbert. Herbert only took a short break from 1917 to 1919, when he joined the Wisconsin State Guard as a Captain-Adjutant.[1]

Astor on the Lake, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Under Martin, the firm had built buildings such as the Downer Theater, Astor on the Lake, and Hotel Retlaw. However, by 1922 Martin, who had been ill for several months, died at the age of 64, leaving Herbert to take charge of the office.[4] This included design, office practice, and supervision. Thus making him president of the firm by 1926 to 1936, before the business dissolved.[1]

During the 1920s, Herbert also started other companies alongside the family firm. In 1923, he founded the Terra Company, a real estate company, along with Minard as president, and carpenter Emil Grossmann as vice president. Then sometime in 1927 or 1928, he founded Herbert W & S. Minard Tullgren, Inc., another real estate company. This put Herbert as president, and Minard as vice president. However, in 1928 after Minard’s death, Pansy, Minard’s widow, became vice president of Herbert W & S. Minard Tullgren, Inc. While Herbert remained president of that company, he became the treasurer of Terra Co., and Emil Grossmann became president.[2]

By the 1930s, Herbert was a well established architect having built multiple office buildings, apartments, hotels, theaters, and even schools. In the early 1930s, Herbert shifted his sights more on building affordable middle to working class urban housing. He even patented, Patent No. 1896734, the duplex (two-story) apartment design, in 1933 after finishing the Viking Apartments in 1931. Herbert was sure of the economic and functional advantages.[1] The Viking Apartments proved this by setting a record for Occupancy During Hard Times at 92%, when the national average for apartment was only about 60%. The Viking Apartments are also shown to be the only architecture that the Fylgia Corporation, a company formed in 1931 with C.E. Look and Elmer A Johnson with Herbert as president, had built.[5]

Confident in the benefits of duplex apartments, Herbert published a pamphlet in 1937,The Tullgren Plan for City Housing, to further describe the social and economic benefits.[1] The floor plans included a living room, dining room, and a kitchen on one floor, and sleeping quarters and a bathroom on the floor above. Public corridors were not required on the sleeping quarters floor, and thus creating more space. In fact, it would create 15% more space, oppose to a conventional single floor apartment. By cutting down corridor space that would have needed to be furnished, equipped, heated, lit, and cleaned it would save 20% in maintenance cost. Since sleeping quarters were adjoined with the other sleeping quarters, it would create minimum sound from the other parts of the apartments. Overall, the project would cut construction cost by at least 15%, and still provide liquidating income, and profit owners.[6]

Along with this pamphlet was a description of the Tullgren Plan Residence Apartment. The plan was seven apartment buildings within the same area. Each apartment was placed so each family would receive maximum sunlight and air. The buildings would’ve also occupied 22% less land, creating more open space around each building. More space meant more things to do with the landscaping. Tullgren’s plan for the outside included a sunken garden cour, pool, flower garden, shaded lawn, and promenade. There would have also been a playground area for small children between the buildings, and facilities for larger children. The playground would’ve included the usual playground equipment like swings, sand pits, shallow wading pools, and a camp-fire space. With the open space between buildings, it also allotted space for laundry drying yards. Tullgren saw the possibilities to do the project in a plot of 206,965 square feet, offering maximum housing at a minimum cost. Herbert’s ideal was with careful planning and some government assistance would amount to a great deal of affordable housing at a reasonable profit.[7]

This mindset helped Herbert become an associated architect on the Parklawn Public Housing Project during the mid-1930s. Parklawn was endorsed by the administration of Daniel Hoan, Mayor of Milwaukee. It included the Allied Architects of Milwaukee, an association of Milwaukee’s finest architects, which included Gerrit J de Gelleke, Peter Brust, A.C. Eschweiler, Herbert Tullgren, R.A. Messner, and Phelps Wyman. The project took the vacant spot at Hope Avenue between Sherman Boulevard and North 47th street. This area was selected because it didn’t involve a condemnation of any private property. Parklawn included 64 fireproof buildings with 518 units of 3, 4, or 5 room rentals. To this day, Parklawn is still owned and leased by the Housing Authority of the City of Milwaukee.[8]

By 1938, Herbert published his own magazine that was oversaw by his company, and at his own expense called Architecture and Design. The magazine was a showcase of not only Tullgren’s office, but the contractors he worked with. Architecture and Design was aimed to promote their work in hopes of gaining more business.[9]

However, Herbert’s last documented building in Milwaukee was built in 1937, the Badger Mutual Insurance Company building. Shortly thereafter, in 1944, Herbert died at the age of 54 from heart disease. He left behind a son, Herbert A. Tullgren, two daughters, Mary and Allison, and his wife Eloise A., who would take over the last of his business concerns.[10]

Architecture Design/Style[edit]

The consistent architectural style under Hood & Tullgren was Neoclassical, a design that would be rarely seen in Herbert’s own work later on. When Martin, Herbert’s father, started his own business, the style changed to Revival, Tudor Revival and Georgian. By the time, Herbert was head of the company, the style changed to Herbert’s trademark style, Art Deco and Art Moderne. This occurred around 1928, when Herbert wanted to embrace modernity that was happening in the urban areas of America after 1925. With this he often incorporated terra cotta ornamentation. Something else that was emphasized in Herbert’s work was the detail through contrast, especially during the 1930s.[2] Herbert designed apartments with the ideal to help relieve the growing housing crisis during the 1930s. He emphasized affordability for both tenants and owners. Since during the mid-1930s, Americans had felt that free market became incapable of supplying adequate affordable housing for them.[11]

This contrast can be seen in the Viking Apartments. The Viking shows contrast between the light-colored brick that was aligned through vertical stripes using black stone and steel window sash. Another example is the Hathaway Towers (ca. 1931). The skeletal structure is cream city brick, blonde brick. The corners of the brick are rounded with no projecting cornice, this continues with the circular lobby with terrazzo floor. However within the lobby, the trim done in silver and black, contrasting against the blonde brick.[12]

A notable project for Tullgren is the 1260 Exton Apartments. Built in 1937, it is claimed to be the best preserved and sophisticated example of Art Moderne in the country. Another duplex apartment structure, it takes advantage of the interior stacking function, which creates view-orienting spaces. Herbert built the Exton with grouping of bedrooms on alternate floors with the public corridors, entries, and living space on the floor below. The method behind this was the advantage of the use of skip-stop elevator.[13] This reduces the capital and maintenance costs of the public areas by half.[14] The use of the duplex plan allowed Herbert to eliminate long public corridors, private halls, and passageways. All rooms have direct access to one central stair hall. Grouped around the central service stacks were the kitchen and baths, that permitted economical structure.[15] The apartment has a reinforced concrete structure, the elevators are flanked by fire towers, and there is sound insulation provided by the double walls between each unit and public spaces.[14]

Memberships[edit]

Herbert Tullgren in his later life belonged to many different clubs and organizations. Herbert was a member of the Masonic Order, Kenwood Lodge, Ivanhoe Commandery, and Tripoli Temple. He also belonged to the University Club of Milwaukee. Tullgren was part of architectural clubs such as American Institute of Architects and the State Association of Wisconsin Architects. In addition, he was president of The Bluemound Country Club, the Wisconsin Golf Association, and the Gyro Club. He even held other positions such as secretary for the Prospect Park Co.[16]

Tullgren v. School District[edit]

Tullgren v. School District was a court case that occurred after Tullgren’s death, but dealt with agreements he made with the Whitefish Bay school district. In 1929, Whitefish Bay entered into a signed contract with Herbert to draft and prepare plans for a new high school. However, the district couldn’t afford the entire cost at once. Thus, the payments were divided into 5 different units designated by letter “A” through “E,” and Tullgren would be paid 2% of the estimated cost of the entire building with additional fees.

By 1931, the original agreement was cancelled, and replaced with a new agreement. Prior to this, Tullgren was paid $35,000, which in the new agreement was credited to the school. Actual construction costs and adjustments were made accordingly. The agreement also stated in case of Tullgren’s death, his personal representative would have the right to give the contract to another architect that was experienced in school-building, and was approved by the school district. The new architect would have to agree to the terms brought forth by the 1931 agreement.

In June 1941, the 1931 agreement was modified. There was contemplation on architectural service to be furnish by Tullgren in one unit. This would replace or substitute for unit “C.” With this, no issues were raised about the transaction.

When Tullgren died in 1944, his wife, Eloise, became the sole beneficiary, and was appointed as executor of his will and estate. By December, Eloise assigned the right, title, and interest of Herbert to William J. Herbst. This included the contracts of 1931 and 1941. With this, Herbst and Eloise entered into another separate agreement stating Herbst could not assign or abandon any contract or agreement made by him and the school district. Herbst also could not make any settlement with the district for less than the contracted price without Eloise’s consent. Herbst was to pay Eloise a percent of the fees he would make as the new architect for the school. If the school district were to breach either contracts, whether existing or new, Herbst was required to take action to enforce claims. If Herbst refused, Eloise could commence said action. However, Eloise did still reserve the title to the original plans, specifications, work sheets, drawings, and other documents that Tullgren prepared with connection to the school district. These items were available to Herbst to use.

In 1948, the school district and Herbst entered into a new agreement, which provided the 1931 and 1941 contracts should be terminated and take the place by this contract. Herbst was employed to perform architectural service. However, this included construction on the gymnasium, referred to in unit “C,’ and the swimming pool referred to in unit “D.’

By 1956, the school district, unknown to Eloise, entered into a separate agreement with other architects relating to the new high school. The architects were to engage in the construction of additions to the new school. A year later, in 1957, Eloise filed a claim against the village of Whitefish Bay. These claims were rejected since the school district was not liable to Eloise because the contracts were made with her husband, not her. Even Herbst denied to bring action against Whitefish Bay, and disclaimed liability to Eloise as well. To not deprive Eloise her rights, the 1948 contract was executed, and each party related back to the 1931 and 1941 contracts. There was an understanding between Herbst and the school district that future architectural services were to be performed by him. This included additions. Eloise claimed the school district breached the agreement between her and Herbst. Thus Herbst was liable to her for damages. However, Eloise, the complaint, did not state facts sufficient enough to constitute a cause of action. By 1958, the demurrer of the school was sustained, and the demurrer of Herbst was overruled.[17]

Works[edit]

A number of his works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[18]

Hotel Northland, Green Bay

Works include (with attribution):

Building Name Address Architect Year Built Additions Demolished?
Glencairn Apartments / Mathews & Wolcock[19][20] 1328 W Greenfield, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1900 1902 No
J and L Wechselberg Apartment / Newport Apartments[20][21] 802-808 N 17th St, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1902 No
Kenmore Apartments 805-811 N 22nd St, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1902
Ostego Hotel[22] 102-106 Francis St., Jackson, MI Martin Tullgren Co. 1904 1928
Wallace Apartments[23] 734-754 N 22nd St, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1905 No
Herman Nunnemacher Apartments[24][25] 2303 E. Belleview, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1906
Herman Nunnemacher Apartments/ San-Rafel Apartments[26][27] 2205 N. Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1906 No
Roseneath Apartments[28][29] 2335 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1908 No
Stanley Apartment Building/ Read and Neacy Apt./ Belleview Apt.[30] 2511 E. Belleview Place, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren 1908 No
Summerfield Court Apartments[31] 1479-1495 N Farwell Ave, Milwaukee, WI Hood & Tullgren, Herbert Tullgren 1908 No
Katherine Kennedy Apartments/ The Marietta Apartments[32][33] 3205 N. Marietta Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1909 No
A. Hood Apartments[34] 2505-13 E. Park Pl., Milwaukee, WI A. Hood 1910 No
Howard Apartments 2641-49 N. Hackett, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1910 No
Stellwin Apartments/ The Lakesider[35] 1982 N. Prospect, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1910 No
Builders Investment Co. / The Weston / Godfrey Apartments[36] 2311 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1911 No
Lafayette Apartments[37] 1913 E. Lafayette Place, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1911 1941 No
Wallard Apartments[38] 1704-14 E Kane Place, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1911 No
Julian Strauss Apartments[39] 2633 N Hackett Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1912 No
Julius Straus Investment - Owned Property[40] 2610 N. Downer Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1912
Mulkern Garage Co.[40][41] 2620-50 N. Downer Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1912
Oscar Brachman Residence 748-750 N 34th St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1912
Wayland Apartments[42][43] 839 N Marshall St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren 1913 No
6th Story Marshall and Biddle Tullgren Building [44][45] 903 E. Kilbourn?, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1913
Apartments 2302 E. Wyoming Place, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1913
Apartments 2311 E. North Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1913
Retail Building[46] 2100 N. Farwell Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1913 No
Broadmoor Apartments[47] 2544 N Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1914
La Lenore Apartments 3133 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1914 No
Oscar Branchman Apt. Building 2314 E. Wyoming Place, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1914 No
Royalton Apartments[48] 1614 E. Royall Pl, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1914 No
Savoy Theater, Oasis Theater[49][50] 2626 W. Center St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1914 No
Downer Theatre[40][51] 2589 N. Downer Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren 1915
Builders Investment Co. / David Batnett Gallery / Patrician Apartments 2101-2117 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1915 No
Junior Terrace/ Oscar Brachman Apts.[52][53] 2422-24 E. Bradford, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1915
Marggraff Apartments[35][40] 1981 N. Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1915 No
St. Catherine's Home for Working Girls[54] 1131 Sycamore St (Michigan St), Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1915 Demolished, site of Marquette Law School
Woodstock Apartments[55] 2105 N Summit, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1915 No
S. Minard and Pansy Tullgren House / Carolyn Edwards-Heidenreich House[56] 1850 N 74th St, Wauwatosa, WI Minard Tullgren 1915
Downer Garage[40][57] 2551 N. Downer Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren 1916
Morry's Vox and Yield[58] 2201-03 N. Prospect, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren 1916 1919 No
Neacy Read Invst. Co.[59] 2567-79 N Downer Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren 1916 No
Windsor Court Apartment Building[60] 1006 East State Street, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren 1916
Jos. D. Kalt / Kalt Apartments (RAZED)[61][62] 1621-1625 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1916 1922 Yes (Marquette Engineering Building)
Madra Villa Apartments/ Prospect Kane Apts[63] 1806 E. Kane Place, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1916 No
Retail Building 3525-33 W. North Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1916 No
Stratford Apartments (RAZED)[64] 1400-1412 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1916
A & L Beauty Supply Co/ Central Market Apartment Building[65] 610-622 W. Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren 1917 No
Bradman Investment Co./ Stowell Arms Apartments[66] 2577 N. Stowell Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1917 No
Central Market Commercial (RAZED) - Looks like still standing - Dunkin' Donuts is a tenant - JONB[35] 622 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1917
Milwaukee Gas Specialty Co. Factory[67][68] Clybourn Street and 22/3rd St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1917
Monarch Manufacturing Co. / Paul Asch Co. Factory[69] 224 E Chicago St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1917 No
Astor on the Lake 924 E Juneau Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1918 1922, 1925
Henry Clay Elementary School/ Whitefish Bay Middle School 1144 E Henry Clay, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1918 1924
Julius Strauss Apartments / Chateau Apartments[62][70] 2223 E Webster Pl / 2535 N Farwell, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1918
Creamery Package Manufacturing Co./ Hartel Building[71] 201 N. Main St, Fort Atkinson. WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1919 1931 No
Lincoln Terrace Apt. Building[72] 2220-2230 E. Bradford Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1919 No
Shinner Co. Warehouse[73][74] 513-519 N 14th St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1919
United Fireproof Warehouse Company / East Bank Storage Lane[75][76] 2122-2124 N Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1919 No
Wisconsin State Rubber Co. Building (RAZED)[76][77] 191-193 N 4th St, Sheboygan, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1920
Untitled[78] Adajcent to 270 Prospect (old address), Milwaukee, WI Herbert Tullgren and Sons 1921
Commodore Apartments[79] 1983-1985 N. Summit Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1921
Lakeshore Apartments[80] 1224 N Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1921 1922 No
Hotel Retlaw[81][82] 15 E Division St, Fond du Lac, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1922 1923, 1926, 1934, 1976, 1986 No
Orpheum Theater[83][84] 5819-5831 6th Ave, Kenosha, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1922 No
Maywood Hotel[85] Main Street, Kenosha, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922
Ambassador Apartments[86][87] 1943 N Summit, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922 No
Carpenter Building (RAZED)[88][89] 536 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922 Yes
Film Exchange[90][91] 713-713 Wells St (old address)/717 W. Wells St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922 Yes
Oscar Brachman / Junior Court Apartments 2213-2221 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922 No
Prospect Manor Residence 1925-1927 N Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922
Sixth Street Parking Garage[92] 182-186 6th/ 732 N. 6th and Wells/Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922 Razed 2014 - Demolished in 1966
Whitefish Bay Village Hall 801 E. Lexington Boulevard, Whitefish Bay, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922 Yes
Royall Apartments & Annex[93][94] 1525-1533 E Royall Pl / 1749-1751 N Farwell Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons (architect), Raulf Company (builder) 1922 No
F. Rosenberg Elevator Company[95] Franklin, Becker, and C.M.ST.P (3745 N Richards St maybe), Milwaukee, WI Tullgren 1922
Saxe Theater/ Saxe's Jeffris Theatre? 319 W. Milwaukee St.?, Janesville, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1923
Dorsen Office Building[96] 2208-2218 N 3rd St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1923 1950
Ardmore Apartment Hotel 1600-1610 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1924
Hotel East-Way[97] 626 N Van Buren, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1924
Shorewood Manor Apartments 4001 N Prospect, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1924
Hotel Loraine[98] 119-123 W Washington Ave, Madison, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1924 1925
Herbert W. Tullgren / Terra Company Building[99] 5919-5927 W North Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1924 No
Stores[100] 4401-4411 N Oakland Ave, Shorewood, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1924
Hotel Northland[101][102] 304 N Adams St, Green Bay, WI Herbert W. Tullgren (Martin Tullgren & Sons) 1924 1947, re-emergence 2015 No
Shorecrest Hotel[103] 1962 N Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren, Martin Tullgren & Sons 1924 1928, 1929 No
Duluth Hotel[104] 219-231 E. Superior Street, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1924
Edward Martin Apt. 1544 N. Humboldt, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1924 No
Manitowoc Hotel/ Evergreen Inn Hotel[105][106] 204 N. 8th St, Fond du Lac, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1925 No
Belmont Hotel[107] 751 N. 4th St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1925 Yes
George Watts and Sons Building[108][109] 751-761 N Jefferson St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1925
Milerand Apartements/ Morris Miller Apartments[110] 3035 W. Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1925
Morris Miller Apartment Building[111] 2127 E. Capitol, Shorewood, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1925 No
Alden Apartments[112] 4303-15 W Lisbon Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1926
Plymouth High School Plymouth, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1926
West Milwaukee Junior High School West Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1926
Continental Imports[113] 4801 W. North Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1926 No
Persion Furniture Store and Office Building/ Eggert and Sons Furniture[114] 3814 W North Ave, Milwaukee, WI Tullgren 1926 Extant
Grafton High School[115] 1111 Broad St, Grafton, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1927
Milwaukee Deaconess Home for Girls (RAZED) 1110 W Kilbourn, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1927
Dr. David Roberts Commercial Building 726 N. Grand Ave, Waukesha, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1927
Cumberland Grade School 478 N Marlborough Dr, Whitefish Bay, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1927 1939
Richards Street School 5812 N Santa Monica, Whitefish Bay, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1927 1947
West Milwaukee High School[116] 5104 W Greenfield Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren, P. Lusignan, Tullgren and Sons 1927 No
Bertelson Building[117][118] 2101-2111 N Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1927 No
Commerce Building[119][120] 744 N 4th St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1927 1956 Extant
Randolph Hotel[121] 649 N. 4th St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1927
Drott Tractor Co. Inc. / Nelson E. Born Inc. 3841 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Albert G. Peter (Martin Tullgren & Sons) 1928 1937, 1948 No
Wisconsin Creameries S. 13th (2700 BLK), Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1928
First Wisconsin Garage[122] 746 N Water, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1928
Nathan Hale High School, later West Allis Central High School[123] 8500-8516 W Lincoln Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W.Tullgren, P. Lusignan 1928 No
Palmer Products, Inc.[124] 1426 Arcadian Ave, Waukesha, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1928 No
Whitefish Bay National Guard Armory[125] 1225 E Henry Clay St, Whitefish Bay, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1928 1941 Yes
Crane Co. Branch House[126][127] 225 W Capitol, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1930 No
Hathaway Tower[35][128] 1830 E Kane Pl, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1930
White Manor Apartments/ David Hull House[129] 1228-1236 E Juneau, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1930 1944 No
Wisconsin Ice & Coal Co. Building/ Hometown, Inc.[130][131] 1518 E. North Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1930 No
Armory Courts Building, North Shore Apartments[132][133] 4001-4015 N Oakland Ave, Shorewood, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1930
Whitefish Bay High School[134] 1200 E Fairmount Ave, Whitefish Bay, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1930 1941, 2011 No
Fulton Co Factory[135] 1912 S 82nd St, West Allis, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1930 No
Viking Apartments[136] 1705-1717 E Kane Place, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren, Martin Tullgren & Sons 1931
Milwaukee-Western Fuel Company Building[137] 2150 N Prospect Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1934
Sherman Theatre[138] 4632 W Burleigh, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1935
Parklawn[139] 4435 W Marion, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1936
Exton Apartments Building[140] 1260 N Prospect, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren 1937 1938, 1939
Badger Mutual Insurance Co[141] 1635 W National Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren, (Addition: Grassold & Johnson) 1937 1947 No
Masonic Temple Marquette, MI Herbert W. Tullgren 1938
Alden Apartments[142] 4303-15 W. Lisbon Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1925-26 No
Wisconsin Consistory Building (Wisconsin Scottish Rite Cathedral)[143] 790 N Van Buren St, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren (remodeling), Edward Townsend Mix (original) 1936 REMODEL (1889 original) 1936, 1937
Apartments[144] 9th and Wells, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons Before 1915 Razed
Henry Bills Store and Office Building[145] SE Lincoln Ave and 13th Street, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons Before 1925 Razed
Loop Realty Co./Hotel Building[146] 5th and Sycamore (Michigan), Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons Before 1925
Badger Meter Mfg. Co. Factory (RAZED)[147] 2371 N 30th St, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. and S. Minard Tullgren 1926
Untitled 3901 W North Ave, Milwaukee, WI Herbert W. Tullgren?
Press block[148] Lexington Ave & 62nd St, Chicago, IL Martin Tullgren
Manhattan Building[149] 133 N. Second St, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1913
Maryland Court[150] 2029-41 W. Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons
Frederick Godfrey House[151] 6th Ave and Lake St, Wauwatosa, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons
Pershing Grade School[85] 1330 S. 47th, West Milwaukee, WI Martin Tullgren & Sons 1922
Store[152] 848 3rd St (Old), new: 2354 N MLK Drive, Milwaukee, WI Tullgren
Store and Apartments[152] 3963 N Teutonia St, Milwaukee, WI Tullgren

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Herbert W. Tullgren's Resume - 1942" (unpublished manuscript, January 10, 1942).
  2. ^ a b c "About the Architect - Herbert W. Tullgren," last modified December 7, 2014, Google Doc.
  3. ^ a b Portrait and Biographical Record of Arizona: Commemorating the Achievements of Citizens Who Have Contributed to the Progress of Arizona and the Development of its Resources (Chicago, IL: Chapman Publishing Co., 1901), 920..
  4. ^ "Widely Known Architect Dies," Milwaukee Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI), October 16, 1922.
  5. ^ Brian Wishne, The Architecture of Herbert W. Tullgren (Milwaukee, WI: n.p., 1992), 1-2.
  6. ^ Herbert W. Tullgren, The Tullgren Plan for City Housing (Milwaukee, WI: n.p., 1937), 1-6.
  7. ^ Herbert W. Tullgren, The Tullgren Plan for City Housing (Milwaukee, WI: n.p., 1937), 7-9.
  8. ^ Randy Garber, ed., Built in Milwaukee: An Architectural View of the City (Milwaukee, WI: n.p., 1984).
  9. ^ Architecture and Design, 1937.
  10. ^ "H.W. Tullgren, Architect, Dies," Milwaukee Journal (Milwaukee, WI), February 23, 1944.
  11. ^ Wishne, The Architecture of Herbert, 2-3.
  12. ^ Joseph Korom, Milwaukee Architecture: A Guide to Notable Buildings (Madison, WI: Prairie Oak Press, 1995).
  13. ^ Robert Bruegmann, Herbert Tullgren and American in the 1930s (Milwaukee, WI: n.p., 1992), 1-4.
  14. ^ a b "Rentable Area in Milwaukee Apartment," Building News, November 1939, 29-31.
  15. ^ Garber, Built in Milwaukee: An Architectural.
  16. ^ "About the Architect - Herbert."; "Herbert W. Tullgren's Resume."; "Clement Smith to Head Park: Seaman Tullgren and Fitch Officers of the Prospect Project," Milwaukee Journal (Milwaukee, WI), March 12, 1929.; "H.W. Tullgren, Architect, Dies," Milwaukee Journal (Milwaukee, WI), February 23, 1944.
  17. ^ "TULLGREN v. SCHOOL DISTRICT," Casetext.com, accessed April 10, 2015, https://casetext.com/case/tullgren-v-school-dist.
  18. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  19. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,Ro:0,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1159&dsRecordDetails=R:HI99530&dsDimensionSearch=D:Wolcock,Dxm:All,Dxp:3&dsCompoundDimensionSearch=D:Wolcock,Dxm:All,Dxp:3
  20. ^ a b Owner: 1900 City Directory, real estate firm, not definitive source of ownership
  21. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1159&dsRecordDetails=R:HI110574
  22. ^ http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mshda/mshda_shpo_20141215_nrhp_otsego_hotel_477481_7.pdf
  23. ^ Owner: https://books.google.com/books?id=rUZOAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA721
  24. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1159&dsRecordDetails=R:HI113558
  25. ^ Owner: https://books.google.com/books?id=rUZOAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA721
  26. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1159&dsRecordDetails=R:HI116188
  27. ^ Owner: https://books.google.com/books?id=rUZOAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA721
  28. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=b1U-AQAAMAAJ&pg=RA8-PA22 Improvement Bulletin, Volume 37, Chapin Publishing Company Aug 8, 1908 pg 22
  29. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1159&dsRecordDetails=R:HI113880
  30. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=b1U-AQAAMAAJ&pg=RA8-PA22 Improvement Bulletin, Volume 37, Chapin Publishing Company Jul 27 , 1908 pg 22
  31. ^ Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory
  32. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,Ro:60,Nrc:id-1079,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1135&dsRecordDetails=R:HI117270
  33. ^ Owner: https://books.google.com/books?id=C7MxAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA1-PR30
  34. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,Nrc:id-1079,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1135&dsRecordDetails=R:HI117169
  35. ^ a b c d NRHP Prospect Ave Apt - Study Report
  36. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19160917&id=gKFQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=_CAEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3919,4612876 Milwaukee Journal ad Sep 17, 1916
  37. ^ NRHP Prospect Ave Apts Study
  38. ^ Owner and Gen Contractor: NRHP Prospect Ave Apt - Study Report
  39. ^ Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory
  40. ^ a b c d e FINAL HISTORIC DESIGNATION STUDY REPORT - NORTH DOWNER AVENUE COMMERCIAL DISTRICT - City of Milwaukee
  41. ^ Owner: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1368&dat=19120927&id=AwdQAAAAIBAJ
  42. ^ Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory
  43. ^ Owner - https://books.google.com/books?id=sc1TAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA1492
  44. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=52lYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA7-PA88 The American Contractor, Volume 34, March 1, 1913, pg 88
  45. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=KAA0AQAAIAAJ&pg=PA494
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  47. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19160917&id=gKFQAAAAIBAJ&pg=3919,4612876 Milwaukee Journal ad Sep 17, 1916; Year built - City Map Portal
  48. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,Ro:20,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1135&dsRecordDetails=R:HI101015
  49. ^ Anderson, Judi and Widen, Larry, Silver Screens: A Pictorial History of Milwaukee's Movie Theaters, pg 145 picture: https://books.google.com/books?id=dX0GtdAuYzAC&pg=PA145
  50. ^ https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/mjprigge/public/milwaukeecinemagraveyard/savoy.html
  51. ^ Owner: https://books.google.com/books?id=lzlYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA6-PA65
  52. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=h-BaAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA5-PA30
  53. ^ Architect - https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19160917&id=gKFQAAAAIBAJ&pg=3919,4612876 Milwaukee Journal ad Sep 17, 1916
  54. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=xyxYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA4-PA64 The American Contractor, Volume 36, October 20, 1915 pg 64
  55. ^ Original owner - The Construction News, Vol 39 3/6/15 pg 30 https://books.google.com/books?id=h-BaAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA5-PA30 https://books.google.com/books?id=NUlEAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA1706
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  57. ^ http://blcfieldschool.weebly.com/downer-garage.html Owner: https://books.google.com/books?id=mu0cAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA807 https://books.google.com/books?id=pkZEAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA149
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  59. ^ "2567-79 N DOWNER AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-13. 
  60. ^ "1006 E STATE ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-13. 
  61. ^ http://www.marquette.edu/newsbriefs/2007/Students/August-2007-Students/Aug-20-07-NB-STUDENTS.html Addition: https://books.google.com/books?id=Z_tYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA11-PA62
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  66. ^ https://docs.google.com/a/historicmilwaukee.org/spreadsheets/d/1avp60_8cis8Ge12RO2gpBL5s373LVUf8An6Bet9L9wU/edit#gid=0
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  68. ^ Gas Age. Harbrace Publications. 1922-01-01. 
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  72. ^ "2220-2230 E BRADFORD AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-13. 
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  80. ^ Ad in Sep 9, 1925 pg 15 Sentinel saying to contact Martin Tullgreen & Sons for rentals https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1368&dat=19250909&id=JWBQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QA8EAAAAIBAJ&pg=4145,1351504
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  84. ^ http://www.kenosha.org/departments/development/pdf/HP_archive/Orpheum.pdf https://www.pinterest.com/pin/314970567659018862/ https://books.google.com/books?id=OjVYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA10-PA71&lpg=RA10-PA71
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  87. ^ Owner - NRHP Prospect Ave Apts Study Rept
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  89. ^ Developer/Financer- NRHP Prospect Ave Apts Study Rept
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  93. ^ "1525-1533 E ROYALL PL/1749-1751 N FARWELL AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  94. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Royal Apartments, Milwaukee | 1160319 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  95. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=ws0cAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA783 Iron Age, Volume 108, Sept 22, 1921, pg 783 http://www.falconindustrialinc.com/2014/10/06/falcon-opens-new-production-facility-in-milwaukee-wi/ accessed 1/24/15
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  97. ^ Postcard: https://www.etsy.com/listing/127238228/hotel-east-way-milwaukee- 1939 renovation: wisconsin-wi https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19580828&id=UgIqAAAAIBAJ&sjid=miYEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5205,3916723
  98. ^ http://www.theloraine.com/history.php http://theloraine.org/history.html https://www.cityofmadison.com/planning/landmark/nominations/159_123WWashingtonAvenue.pdf
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  107. ^ https://umedia.lib.umn.edu/node/67113?mode=basic http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ny:True,Ro:0,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1159&dsRecordDetails=R:HI68966&dsDimensionSearch=D:belmont+hotel,Dxm:All,Dxp:3&dsCompoundDimensionSearch=D:belmont+hotel,Dxm:All,Dxp:3 Owner 1925: https://umedia.lib.umn.edu/node/67113?mode=basic
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  117. ^ "2101-2111 N PROSPECT AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  118. ^ 1930 City Directory and Census
  119. ^ "744 N 4TH ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  120. ^ "Street Guide To Old Milwaukee". oldmilwaukee.net. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  121. ^ http://www.bizjournals.com/milwaukee/blog/real_estate/2014/01/parking-lot-eyed-for-second-revival-of.html http://oldmilwaukee.net/blog/?p=1439 Owner: http://special.lib.umn.edu/findaid/xml/naa005.xmlhttp://www.emporis.com/buildings/197965/randolph-hotel-milwaukee-wi-usa
  122. ^ Korom Jr., Joseph J. Look Up Milwaukee: Eastside/Westside all around Downtown: A descriptive and pictorial display of selected architectural scenery. Collectors ed. Milwaukee, WI: Franklin Publishers, 1979.
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  124. ^ "1426 ARCADIAN AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  125. ^ "1225 E HENRY CLAY ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  126. ^ "225 W CAPITOL DR | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  127. ^ http://www.craneco.com/Media/crane_150.pdf
  128. ^ "1830 E KANE PL | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  129. ^ Milwaukee Sentinel's Rent Ads, Sep 10, 1932 pg. 19
  130. ^ "1518 E NORTH AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  131. ^ https://www.flickr.com/photos/andrew-turnbull/6149970071/ https://www.google.com/maps/@43.060156,-87.89118,3a,44.1y,346.85h,91.35t/data=!3m4!1e1!3m2!1s4XZuMocLsm10dm0st-2BOw!2e0 https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1368&dat=19481023&id=rUAxAAAAIBAJ&sjid=IQ4EAAAAIBAJ&pg=3315,6350057&hl=en
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  134. ^ "1200 E FAIRMOUNT AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  135. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=46TmAAAAMAAJ&pg=RA1-PA82 http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Ro:60,N:4294963828-4294963814&dsNavOnly=N:1159&dsRecordDetails=R:HI9174 Picture: https://books.google.com/books?id=XVcvDFL53EwC&pg=PA39 https://books.google.com/books?id=hiBbAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA148
  136. ^ Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19310830&id=BqdQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=xyEEAAAAIBAJ&pg=1582,3857658 https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19310614&id=0vopAAAAIBAJ&sjid=xiEEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6726,6696896 Owner: Les Voellmert and Carlan Hatala, "Prospect Avenue Apartments Historic District", (Nominating papers for federal landmark designation), 1989
  137. ^ http://www.livemilwaukee.org/deco_hannah.htm http://www.davidzach.com/handouts/david_zach_art_deco_milwaukee.pdf Randy Garber, ed., Built in Milwaukee: An Architectural View of the City (Milwaukee, WI: n.p., 1984), 92.
  138. ^ Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory https://alexsnyderthewriter.wordpress.com/writing/revitalizing-the-sherman-theatre-a-short-history-of-a-sherman-park-milwaukee-landmark/ http://cinematreasures.org/theaters/4291 https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19350421&id=ArBQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7yEEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4722,2791604
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  140. ^ "1260 N PROSPECT AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  141. ^ Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory
  142. ^ "4401-4411 N OAKLAND AVE | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  143. ^ "790 N VAN BUREN ST (SE CORNER OF WELLS AND VAN BUREN) | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society". www.wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  144. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19160917&id=gKFQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=_CAEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3919,4612876 Milwaukee Journal ad Sep 17, 1916
  145. ^ https://umedia.lib.umn.edu/node/67059?mode=basic Owner: http://special.lib.umn.edu/findaid/xml/naa005.xml
  146. ^ http://special.lib.umn.edu/findaid/xml/naa005.xml owner: http://special.lib.umn.edu/findaid/xml/naa005.xml
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  148. ^ Portrait and Biographical Record of Arizona: Commemorating the Achievements of Citizens who Have Contributed to the Progress of Arizona and the Development of Its Resources. Chapman Publishing Company. 1901-01-01. 
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  151. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=wCBYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA9-PA89 The American Contractor, Volume 35, F. W. Dodge Corporation, 1914, pg 76, 89
  152. ^ a b "http://special.lib.umn.edu/findaid/xml/naa005.xml". special.lib.umn.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-18.  External link in |title= (help)