Herbie (tree)

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"Herbie", formerly New England's oldest and largest elm tree. Photograph taken prior to its spread being reduced in 2008. The tree was cut down in 2010

"Herbie" was an American elm tree located in Yarmouth, Maine. It stood by present-day East Main Street (State Route 88), at its intersection with Yankee Drive,[1] for 217 years (from 1793 to January 19, 2010). At 110 feet in height, it was, between 1997 and the date of its felling,[2] the oldest[3] and largest[4] of its kind in New England.[5] The tree, which partially stood in the front yard of a private residence, also had a 20-foot circumference and (until mid-2008) a 93-foot crown spread.[5] It was so-named when children witnessed some of its diseased limbs being sawn off. "What are you going to do to Herbie? Don't cut Herbie!" they cried, and the name stuck.

A plaque on its trunk stated:

Historic Elm

This tree is hereby designated
a historic landmark to be
honored and preserved for
future generations.

Elm Research Institute
Harrisville, N.H. 03450

Yarmouth was once flush with American elms. These, on Main Street, were some of the original 739 that existed
The front and back of a "The Herbie Project" T-shirt

On May 1, 1834, the town gave Herbie some company by planting rows of elm trees along East Elm Street. From 1957 onward, however, most of them succumbed to Dutch elm disease.[3] As of 2003, only twenty of Yarmouth's original 739 elms had survived.[6]

A section of Herbie's stump, pictured in May 2010, is prepared for removal. A stump grinder removed the remainder at the end of the month
The above section on display at the 2010 Yarmouth Clam Festival. It is now on permanent display on Cleaves Street, on the property of Yarmouth's town hall

After battling fifteen bouts of Dutch elm disease, in 2007, stripes appeared under the tree's bark, indicating a worsening condition.[7] In August 2009, it was revealed that Herbie would be cut down on January 18 and 19, 2010,[4][8] at a cost of $20,000.[7] In October 2009, the plaque was removed from its trunk and replaced with a laminated version, and before the end of the year, "The Herbie Project" fund-raising campaign was set up to raise money to care for and plant other trees in the town.[7] After the tree's demise, local woodworkers used its wood to make products which will be auctioned off to raise money for the trust.[7]

A snowstorm during the night of January 17–18, 2010 postponed the removal. The tree was removed on January 19. A preliminary count of the tree's rings, done on site, revealed its age to be at least 212 years.[9] On February 4, however, the official count showed it to be 217. The stump was removed over the weekend of May 29 and 30.

A section of the trunk's base was on show at the 2010 Yarmouth Clam Festival. It is now on permanent display outside Yarmouth town hall, on Cleaves Street, a project of the local Eagle Scouts.

Frank Knight, the town's former "tree warden", died at the age of 103 on May 14, 2012. Knight's casket was made, in secret, out of Herbie's wood.[10] Succeeded by Deb Hopkins in 2006, Knight cared for the tree for half of his life, having accepted the role in 1956. Knight's efforts were recognized by the town: the athletic fields at North Yarmouth Academy bear his name, as does a forest behind the town's community garden;[11] a tree in front of Yarmouth's town hall was planted in his honor; and, in 1983, he was the fourth recipient of the town's Latchstring Award.[6][12]

References in popular culture[edit]

In 2017, Portland's Liquid Riot Bottling Company released a beer in tribute to Herbie.[13]


  1. ^ ""Will elm trees make their way back?" - St. Joseph's College Magazine". Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
  2. ^ According to the plaque on its trunk.
  3. ^ a b Images of America: Yarmouth, Hall, Alan M., Arcadia (2002)
  4. ^ a b "Yarmouth braces for Herbie's demise"[permanent dead link] - Portland Press Herald, August 10, 2009
  5. ^ a b The National Register of Big Trees: 2000-01
  6. ^ a b "Champion of Trees" - American Profile Archived 2011-02-12 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c d "When this tree falls, he will feel it" - Boston.com, December 27, 2009
  8. ^ "The Herbie Project" - Town of Yarmouth's website
  9. ^ "Farewell to Herbie and a 'beautiful relationship'"[permanent dead link] - Portland Press Herald, January 19, 2010
  10. ^ "Frank Knight Dead: 'Herbie' The Elm Tree Caretaker Dies At 103". Huffington Post. May 14, 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-12. Retrieved 2010-01-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Town of Yarmouth, Maine -- Latchstring Award
  13. ^ "Brewery cheers beloved Yarmouth tree Herbie with new beer" - Portland Press Herald, September 19, 2017

External links[edit]