Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford
|The Duke of Bedford|
|Born||19 February 1858|
|Died||27 August 1940(aged 82)|
|Title||Duke of Bedford|
|Tenure||14 January 1891 – 27 August 1940|
|Other titles||11th Marquess of Tavistock
15th Earl of Bedford
15th Baron Russell
13th Baron Russell of Thornhaugh
11th Baron Howland
|Successor||Hastings Russell, 12th Duke|
|Spouse(s)||Mary du Caurroy Tribe|
|Parents||Francis Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford
He married Mary du Caurroy Tribe on 31 January 1888 at Barrackpore, India. They had one child, Hastings William Sackville Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford (1888–1953). He also took as his ward his brother's illegitimate daughter until she was married. Mary, Duchess of Bedford was later appointed DBE. Dame Mary Russell died in an aviation accident in 1937, three years before her husband. He also had an illegitimate niece of Indian descent by his older brother, the previous Earl Russel. The daughter was known to have lived with the family until she was married and frequently visited the family afterward. Her descendants are among the carter family in New Zealand.
He gained the rank of officer in the service of the Grenadier Guards and was made a Colonel of the 3rd Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment between 1897 and 1908. He fought in the Egyptian campaign in 1882 and in the First World War, where he was mentioned in dispatches.
The Duke of Bedford held the office of Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex between 1898 and 1926, Mayor of Holborn in 1900, Aide-de-Camp to the Viceroy of India between 1885 and 1886, Military Aide-de-Camp between 1908 and 1920 to King Edward VII and King George V, and sometime Deputy Lieutenant of Bedfordshire.
He was President of the Zoological Society of London from 1899 to 1936, and was concerned with animal preservation throughout his life. According to Jane Goodall in her book Hope for Animals, the Duke was instrumental in saving the milu (or Père David's deer), which was already extinct by 1900 in its native China. He acquired the few remaining deer from European zoos and nurtured a herd of them at Woburn Abbey. He gifted Himalayan tahr to the New Zealand government in 1903; of the three males and three females, five survived the journey and were released near the Hermitage Hotel at Mount Cook Village. He sent a further shipment in 1909 of six males and two females. Himalayan tahr are near-threatened in their native India and Nepal, but are so numerous in New Zealand's Southern Alps that they are hunted recreationally. A statue of a Himalayan tahr was unveiled in May 2014 at Lake Pukaki and dedicated by Henrietta, Dowager Duchess of Bedford. Bedford served as president of the Cremation Society of Great Britain from 1921 to his death in 1940. He had the original cremator from Woking Crematorium moved and fitted inside a new chapel at Golders Green Crematorium, where he was himself cremated. His ashes are buried in the 'Bedford Chapel' at St. Michael’s Church, Chenies.
The Duke of Bedford was invested as a Knight of Grace of the Order of St John (KGStJ), as a Fellow of the Society of Arts (FSA) on 14 March 1901, as Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG) on 30 May 1902, as Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 1919, and as a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1908. He was made an honorary Freeman of Holborn in 1931.
His grandson John Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford describes him as follows: "A selfish, forbidding man, with a highly developed sense of public duty and ducal responsibility, he lived a cold, aloof existence, isolated from the outside world by a mass of servants, sycophants and an eleven-mile wall." In conjunction with his son Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford, he developed plans to protect the Bedford fortune from the British tax regime. However, he died too soon for these to come to fruition and the only result was to involve his grandson in enormous difficulties in obtaining access to the family properties.
Herbrand and Hastings Russell feature largely in the 13th Duke's memoir, A Silver-Plated Spoon (World Books, 1959).
|Ancestors of Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford|
- Mitchell, P. C. (1941). "Herbrand Arthur Russell, Duke of Bedford. 1858-1940". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 3 (9): 498–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1941.0017.
- Goodall, Hope for Animals
- "Duchess of Bedford to Dedicate Tahr Statue" (Press release). New Zealand: Game and Forest Foundation. Scoop. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 13 June 1902.
- "Court Circular" The Times (London). Saturday, 31 May 1902. (36782), p. 8.
- Jane Goodall, with Thane Maynard and Gail Hudson, Hope for Animals and Their World: How endangered species are being rescued from the brink, 2009, Grand Central Publishing
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Bedford
- Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford
The Earl of Strafford
|Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
The Lord Revelstoke
|Peerage of England|
|Duke of Bedford