Hercule Mériadec, Prince of Guéméné
|Duc de Montbazon, Prince de Guéméné|
|Born||13 November 1688|
|Died||21 December 1757
Sainte Maure, France
|Spouse||Louise-Gabrielle de Rohan-Soubise|
|Charlotte Louise, Princess of Masserano
Généviève, Abbess of Marquette
Jules, Duc de Montbazon
Louis Armand, Prince de Montauban
Louis René, Cardinal de Rohan
Ferdinand, Archbishop of Cambrai
|House||House of Rohan|
|Father||Charles de Rohan, 5th Duc de Montbazon|
|Mother||Charlotte Élisabeth de Cochefilet|
Hercule Mériadec de Rohan (13 November 1688 – 21 December 1757) was a prince étranger and the sixth Duke of Montbazon in France, "Prince de Guéméne" being the title he bore prior to inheriting the dukedom.
Born to Charles de Rohan and his wife, Charlotte Élisabeth de Cochefilet, he was the couple’s third child and second son. Until the death of his paternal grandfather, Charles, 4th Duc de Montbazon in 1699, he was fifth in line of succession to the dukedom and not expected to inherit it: Ahead of him were his father Charles, then styled Prince de Guéméné (1655-1727), his eldest brother François-Armand, Prince de Montbazon (1682-1717), François-Armand's son Charles-Jules de Rohan (1700-1703) and another older brother, Louis-Charles-Casimir, Comte de Rochefort (1686-1749). After Charles-Jules died as a child, Louis-Charles-Casimir forfeited his claim to a secular inheritance by joining the Order of the Holy Cross, whereupon Hercule Mériadec became Comte de Rochefort. His father was the fifth Duc de Montbazon, but succession to that title remained uncertain until François-Armand died without living children at the age of 35 in 1717, leaving Hercule-Mériadec to become Prince de Guéméné, the title usually borne by the heir apparent.
Only when his father died in October 1727 did he succeed to the Montbazon ducal peerage and become head of the House of Rohan, which enjoyed the high rank of princes étrangers at the court of Louis XVI.
He married his second cousin, Louise Gabrielle Julie de Rohan-Soubise (1704–1780), youngest daughter of Hercule Mériadec, Duc de Rohan-Rohan and Prince de Soubise (1669-1749), head of the younger (Soubise) branch of the House of Rohan. Her mother was Anne Geneviève de Lévis, daughter of Louis Charles de Lévis, Duc de Ventadour.
Hercule-Mériadec died at Sainte-Maure aged sixty nine and was succeeded by his son, Jules. His two youngest sons were cardinals and only one of his daughters had issue (Charlotte Louise). His descendants in male line are settled in Austria.
- Charlotte de Rohan, Mademoiselle de Rohan, later Mademoiselle de Guéméné (12 March 1722 – October 1786) married Vittorio Ferrero Fieschi, Prince of Masserano and Spanish ambassador in London, and had issue;
- Généviève de Rohan, Abbess of Marquette (18 November 1724 – 1766) never married;
- Jules de Rohan, Duc de Montbazon (25 March 1726 – 10 December 1800) married Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne, daughter of Charles Godefroy, sovereign Duke of Bouillon; and had issue;
- Marie Louise de Rohan (1728 – 31 May 1737);
- Louis Armand de Rohan, Prince de Montbazon (18 April 1731 – 24 July 1794), guillotined; married Gabrielle Rosalie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, no issue
- Louis, Cardinal de Rohan (25 September 1734 – 16 February 1803) Archbishop of Strasbourg, no issue;
- Ferdinand de Rohan, Archbishop of Cambrai (7 November 1738 – 30 October 1813), had illegitimate children with Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany, illegitimate daughter of the English pretender, Charles Edward Stuart and Clementina Walkinshaw;
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 1688 – 1699 Hercule-Mériadec de Rohan
- 1699 – 1703 His Highness the Comte de Rochefort
- 1703 – 1717 His Highness the Prince de Montbazon
- 1717 – 1727 His Highness the Prince de Guéméné
- 1727 – 1757 His Highness the Duc de Montbazon
References and notes
- van de Pas, Leo. "Hercule Mériadec de Rohan". Genealogics .org. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2010-04-07.
- Anselme, Père. Histoire de la Maison Royale de France’’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 46, 64-68. (French).
- Jeffares, Neil. "Dictionary of pastellists before 1800" (PDF).