Herder Prize

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The Herder Prize (German: Gottfried-von-Herder-Preis), named after the German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder, was a prestigious international prize awarded every year to scholars and artists from Central and Southeast Europe whose life and work have contributed to the cultural understanding of European countries and their peaceful interrelations. Established in 1963, the first prizes were awarded in 1964.

The prize jury was composed of German and Austrian universities. Financing for the Prize, which amounted to €15,000, was sponsored by the Alfred Toepfer Foundation based in Hamburg. The awards were traditionally presented in an annual ceremony at the University of Vienna and handed over by the President of Austria. Each prize also included a one-year scholarship at an Austrian university given to a young person nominated by the winning scholar.

The prize was open to humanities scholars and artists from a wide variety of fields, including ethnographers, writers, architects, composers, poets, folklorists, painters, historians, literary scholars, art historians, archeologists, theatre directors, musicologists, museologists, linguists, playwrights, etc. Several writers who received the Herder Prize went on to later win the Nobel Prize in Literature, such as Wisława Szymborska (in 1995 and 1996), Imre Kertész (in 2000 and 2002), and Svetlana Alexievich (in 1999 and 2015), and many other recipients received other international accolades and were members of their national academies.

Since its inception the prize was open to scholars and artists from seven central and southeast, mostly communist, European countries (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Yugoslavia). After the fall of communism in Europe in the late 1980s and the subsequent turmoil which led to the breakup of Yugoslavia, the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, scholars from all the succeeding countries remained eligible for the prize. In the early 1990s several ex-Soviet European countries (the Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania; Belarus, and Ukraine) as well as Albania were also made eligible.

Usually seven recipients would be announced every year, except in 1964 (four), 1977 (eight), 1993 (nine), and in 2006 (five) — which was also the last edition of the Herder Prize. In 2007 the prize was discontinued and merged with other prize funds sponsored by the Alfred Toepfer Foundation to create a new Europe-wide annual award, the KAIROS Prize, worth €75,000 and given to a single artist every year to encourage their innovative work.

List of recipients[edit]

Year Recipients
1964 Oto Bihalji-Merin, Jan Kott, Stanisław Lorentz, Lucijan Marija Škerjanc
1965 Tudor Arghezi, Manolis Hatzidakis (el), Emanuel Hruška (cs), Zoltán Kodály, László Németh, Hugo Rokyta (cs), Hristo Vakarelski (bg)
1966 Ján Cikker, Dezső Dercsényi (hu), Zlatko Gorjan, Aleksander Kobzdej, Anton Kriesis, Niko Kuret (sl), Dimiter Statkov
1967 Iván Fenyő, Vladimír Kompánek, Witold Lutosławski, Spyridon Marinatos, Alexandru A. Philippide, Mihai Pop, Svetozar Radojčić
1968 Constantin Daicoviciu, Roman Ingarden, Miroslav Krleža, Ludvík Kunz, Anastasios Orlandos, Lajos Vayer (hu), Pancho Vladigerov
1969 Jolán Balogh (hu), Albín Brunovský, Bohuslav Fuchs, Mihail Jora, Marijan Matković (hr), Ksawery Piwocki (pl), France Stele (sl)
1970 Jan Białostocki, Jan Filip, Zoltán Franyó (hu), Milovan Gavazzi, Gyula Illyés, Yiannis Papaioannou, Zeko Torbov (bg)
1971 Jiří Kolář, Blaže Koneski, Georgios Megas, Kazimierz Michałowski, Mihail Sokolovski, Zaharia Stancu, Bence Szabolcsi
1972 Dragotin Cvetko, Atanas Dalchev, Branko Maksimović, Gyula Ortutay, Jaroslav Pešina (cs), Henryk Stażewski, Virgil Vătășianu
1973 Veselin Beshevliev, Stylianos Harkianakis, János Harmatta, Zbigniew Herbert, Eugen Jebeleanu, Petar Lubarda, Jan Racek (cs)
1974 Władysław Czerny (pl), Ivan Duichev (bg), Ivo Frangeš (hr), László Gerő (hu), Stylianos Pelekanidis (el), Ján Podolák (sk), Zeno Vancea (de)
1975 Józef Burszta (pl), Hristo M. Danov (de), Stanislav Libenský, Maria Ana Musicescu, Gábor Preisich, Pandelis Prevelakis, Stanojlo Rajičić (de)
1976 Jagoda Buić, Marin Goleminov, Ioannis Kakridis, Dezső Keresztury, Nichita Stănescu, Rudolf Turek (pl), Kazimierz Wejchert (pl)
1977 Nikolaos Andriotis (de), Riko Debenjak (sl), Emmanuel Kriaras, Albert Kutal, Máté Major (hu), Krzysztof Penderecki, Anastas Petrov (bg), Ion Vladutiu
1978 Eugen Barbu, Đurđe Bošković, Kazimierz Dejmek, Stoyan Dzudzev (bg), Béla Gunda (hu), Jiří Hrůza (cs), Yiannis Spyropoulos
1979 Magdalena Abakanowicz, Ferenc Farkas, Zdenko Kolacio, Atanas Natev (bg), András Sütő, Pavel Trost (de), Apostolos E. Vacalopoulos
1980 Gordana Babić-Đorđević, Iván Balassa (hu), Kamil Lhoták, Manousos Manousakas, Vera Mutafchieva, Alexandru Rosetti, Wiktor Zin
1981 Emil Condurachi (ro), Sándor Csoóri, Stefka Georgieva, Dimitrios Loukatos, Vjenceslav Richter, Eugen Suchoň, Elida Maria Szarota (pl)
1982 Athanasios Aravantinos, Ana Blandiana, Vojislav J. Đurić (sr), Sona Kovacevicová, Aleksandar Nichev, Jan Józef Szczepański, Imre Varga
1983 Władysław Bartoszewski, Géza Entz (hu), Jozef Jankovič (cs), Gunther Schuller, Zdenko Škreb, Stefana Stoykova (bg), C. A. Trypanis
1984 Emilijan Cevc (sl), Konstantinos Dimaras (de), Karel Horálek (cs), György Konrád, Constantin Lucaci, Krasimir Manchev, Krzysztof Meyer
1985 Branko Fučić, Růžena Grebeníčková, Adrian Marino (ro), Demetrios Pallas, Károly Perczel (hu), Simeon Pironkov, Andrzej Wajda
1986 Georgi Baev (bg), Tekla Dömötör, Boris Gaberščik, Konrad Górski (pl), Johannes Karayannopoulos, Jiří Kotalík, Anatol Vieru
1987 Roman Brandstaetter, Doula Mouriki, József Ujfalussy (hu), Vladimir Veličković, Velizar Velkov (bg), Gheorghe Vrabie (ro)
1988 Roman Berger, Christos Kapralos, Zoe Dumitrescu-Bușulenga, György Györffy, Donka Petkanova, Mieczysław Porębski (pl), Edvard Ravnikar
1989 Maria Banuș, Ákos Birkás (hu), Jerzy Buszkiewicz (pl), Václav Frolec (cs), Nikolai Genchev (bg), Petar Miljković-Pepek, Nikos Gabriel Pentzikis
1990 Liviu Calin, Bronisław Geremek, Aris Konstantinidis, Dejan Medaković, Virginia Paskaleva, Adriena Šimotová (cs), András Vizkelety (hu)
1991 Maja Bošković-Stulli, Gerard Labuda, Andor Pigler (hu), Yorgos Sicilianos (de), Emil Skála (cs), Marin Sorescu, Stoimen Stoilov (bg)
1992 Manolis Andronikos, Jenö Barabás, Blaga Dimitrova, Stefan Kaszynski, Jiří Kořalka (de), Zmaga Kumer (sl), Jon Nicodim
1993 Vasilka Gerasimova-Tomova, Petro Kononenko, György Kurtág, Jerzy Tchórzewski (pl), Răzvan Theodorescu, Elena Várossová (cs), Māra Zālīte, Dionysis Zivas, Viktor Žmegač
1994 István Borzsák, Dževad Juzbašić (bs), Ștefan Niculescu, Andrzej Szczypiorski, Jitka and Květa Válová (cs), Takis Varvitsiotis (de), Zigmas Zinkevičius
1995 Sándor Kányádi, Mirko Kovač, Milcho Lalkov (bg), Michael G. Meraklis, Mindaugas Navakas (lv), Wisława Szymborska, Jaan Undusk (de)
1996 Tamás Hofer (hu), Karel Hubáček, Konstantin Iliev (bg), Marin Mincu (ro), Jože Pogačnik (sl), Pēteris Vasks, Marian Zgórniak (pl)
1997 Tasos Athanasiadis, Bogdan Bogdanović, Oskár Elschek (sk), Ferenc Glatz, Lech Kalinowski (pl), Jaan Kross, Dunja Rihtman-Auguštin (hr)
1998 Imre Bak (hu), Andrei Corbea-Hoișie (de), Eliška Fučíková, Ismail Kadare, Justinas Marcinkevičius, Dorota Simonides, Elena Toncheva
1999 Svetlana Alexievich, Vera Bitrakova-Grozdanova, Mircea Dinescu, István Fried (hu), Henryk Górecki, Dževad Karahasan, Ferdinand Milučký (sk)
2000 Ján Bakoš, Ivan Čolović (sh), Nikola Georgiev (bg), Imre Kertész, Milan Kundera, Karolos Mitsakis (de), Arvo Pärt
2001 Yurii Andrukhovych, Janez Bernik, János Böhönyey, Maria Kłańska, Marek Kopelent, Andrej Mitrović, Evanghelos Moutsopoulos (fr)
2002 George Demetrius Bambiniotis, Māris Čaklais, Péter Esterházy, Radost Ivanova, Nedjeljko Fabrio (hr), Aurel Stroe, Lech Trzeciakowski
2003 Vasil Gyuzelev, Drago Jančar, Károly Manherz (hu), Stanisław Mossakowski (pl), Ales Rasanau (de), Ludvík Václavek, Ana Maria Zahariade (ro)
2004 Theodore Antoniou, Michał Głowiński (de), Dušan Kováč, Fatos Lubonja, Éva Pócs, Kazimir Popkonstantinov (de), Romualdas Požerskis
2005 Károly Klimó, Hanna Krall, Primož Kuret (sl), Jiří Kuthan (cs), Andrei Marga, Eimuntas Nekrošius, Krešimir Nemec (hr)
2006 Włodzimierz Borodziej, Nicos Hadjinicolaou, Gabriela Kiliánová (sk), Ene Mihkelson, Vojteh Ravnikar

See also[edit]

External links[edit]