Heredia, Costa Rica

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Heredia
IglesiaLaInmaculadaHeredia.JPG
ParqueCentralDeHeredia.JPG
Fortin y anfiteatro.JPG
Ciudad de Heredia.JPG
Images, from top down, left to right: Church of the Immaculate Conception of Heredia, Central Park, the Fort and Amphitheatre of Heredia, Heredia skyline during the night.
Flag of Heredia
Flag
Coat of arms of Heredia
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Ciudad de las Flores  (Spanish)
"City of Flowers"
Motto(s): 
Libertad, Paz, y Progreso  (Spanish)
"Liberty, Peace and Progress"
Heredia and surrounding area
Heredia is located in Costa Rica
Heredia
Heredia
Location of Heredia within Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°59′54″N 84°07′01″W / 9.9984632°N 84.1168617°W / 9.9984632; -84.1168617Coordinates: 9°59′54″N 84°07′01″W / 9.9984632°N 84.1168617°W / 9.9984632; -84.1168617
CountryFlag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica
ProvinceHeredia Province
CantonHeredia Canton
Founded1705
Government
 • SyndicEduardo Murillo Quirós
Area
 • Total2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)
Elevation
1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total18,697
 • Density6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−06:00
Postal code
40101
ClimateAm
Websitehttp://www.heredia.go.cr/

Heredia (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈɾeðja]) is a district in the Heredia canton of Heredia province, Costa Rica, as the seat of the municipality of Heredia canton, it is awarded the status of city, and in virtue of being the city of the first canton, it is the Province Capital of Heredia province as well. [1][2] It is 10 kilometers to the north of the country's capital, San José.

The city is home to one of the largest colleges in Costa Rica, the National University of Costa Rica, which accepts many international students.

History[edit]

Cultural centre "Escuela República de Argentina"

Prior to its founding, the area around Heredia was inhabited by the native tribe that is known as the Huetares, who were commanded at the coming of the Spanish by the Cacique Garavito.[3] In 1706 settlers from Cartago, set up a small church at a place they called "Alvirilla", which soon became more populated. Between 1716 and 1717 the settlers moved their village to the north, to a place the Indians called Cubujuquí. In 1736 Heredia was deemed sufficiently large to be granted its own parish, and the first incarnation of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada was built to serve as its parish church. In 1751, the Bishop of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Monseñor Pedro Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz supervised the founding of the first school in Heredia, which was run by the church. This school is now known as the Liceo de Heredia. In 1763 the town was promoted to the status of Villa; it was later renamed Heredia in honor of the President of the Real Audiencia of Guatemala who had conferred the status, don Alonso Fernández de Heredia. (See also: Heredia (etymology)) During the 18th century the area around Heredia was developed, with the founding Barva and other towns. On 31 October 1796, Padre Felix de Alvarado laid the foundation stone for the rebuilding of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada. The Municipality of Heredia was founded on 19 May 1812, and in 1824, Heredia was promoted to city by Juan Rafael Mora, the first President of the Republic. The 1848 constitution made Heredia the capital of Heredia Province, promoted it to cantón, and assigned it seven parishes.[4]

For a brief period in the 1830s, Heredia served as the capital of Costa Rica.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Heredia has an area of 2.95 km²[5] and an elevation of 1,150 metres.[1]

Overview[edit]

Heredia is located 11km north of San José and is part of the Greater Metropolitan Area.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18643,146
18834,23434.6%
18926,04742.8%
19277,63126.2%
195011,96756.8%
196319,24960.9%
197322,70017.9%
198421,440−5.6%
200020,191−5.8%
201118,697−7.4%

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos[6]
Centro Centroamericano de Población[7]

For the 2011 census, Heredia had a population of 18,697 inhabitants. [8]

Transportation[edit]

Road transportation[edit]

The district is covered by the following road routes:

Rail transportation[edit]

The Interurbano Line operated by Incofer goes through this district. The rebuilt and national heritage Heredia railway station is a staffed station in the south of the district.

Sports[edit]

The city's football club is Herediano, who have won the league title 28 times.[citation needed] They play their home games at the Estadio Eladio Rosabal Cordero.

Heredianos play Saprissa, a rival.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

Very warm year-round, the temperatures are tempered by the amount of cloud cover that affects the area. Rainfall is spread throughout the year, but the rainiest period is May to October. The climate is relatively mild throughout the year.

Climate data for Heredia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
25.1
(77.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24
(75)
25.1
(77.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
15
(59)
15.7
(60.3)
15.5
(59.9)
15.7
(60.3)
15.4
(59.7)
15
(59)
15.1
(59.2)
15.5
(59.9)
15.4
(59.7)
15.2
(59.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 20.4
(0.80)
21.7
(0.85)
47.8
(1.88)
110.1
(4.33)
333.1
(13.11)
327.8
(12.91)
199.5
(7.85)
241.6
(9.51)
410.8
(16.17)
424.6
(16.72)
182.4
(7.18)
54.5
(2.15)
2,374.3
(93.46)
Source: National Meteorologic Institute of Costa Rica[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Declara oficial para efectos administrativos, la aprobación de la División Territorial Administrativa de la República N°41548-MGP". Sistema Costarricense de Información Jurídica (in Spanish). 19 March 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  2. ^ División Territorial Administrativa de la República de Costa Rica (PDF) (in Spanish). Editorial Digital de la Imprenta Nacional. 8 March 2017. ISBN 978-9977-58-477-5.
  3. ^ History
  4. ^ Municipal Website
  5. ^ "Área en kilómetros cuadrados, según provincia, cantón y distrito administrativo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos" (in Spanish).
  7. ^ "Sistema de Consulta de a Bases de Datos Estadísticas". Centro Centroamericano de Población (in Spanish).
  8. ^ "Censo. 2011. Población total por zona y sexo, según provincia, cantón y distrito". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Online Directory: Georgia, USA". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 24 April 2008.
  10. ^ "City of Richfield, MN website". Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.
  11. ^ Hodorov, Irit (26 September 2008). "Gemini Sign". Yediot Petah Tikva. Yedioth Ahronoth.
  12. ^ "עיר תאומה לאריאל - בקוסטה ריקה - ארכיון כתבות - לוקאל - הפורטל המקומי הגדול בישראל". www.local.co.il. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  13. ^ Lic. Carlos Melendez Ch. The book "Añoranzas de Heredia"
  14. ^ "Instituto Metereológico Nacional" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2007.

External links[edit]

Media related to Heredia at Wikimedia Commons