Hereford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hereford
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hereford in Herefordshire.
Outline map
Location of Herefordshire within England.
County Herefordshire
Major settlements Hereford
19182010
Number of members One
Replaced by Hereford and South Herefordshire, North Herefordshire
1295–1918
Number of members 1295–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Hereford was, until 2010, a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Since 1918, it had elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

Previously, Hereford had been a parliamentary borough which from 1295 to 1885 had elected two MPs, using the bloc vote system in contested elections. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the borough's representation had been reduced to one seat at the 1885 general election, and for the 1918 general election the borough was abolished and replaced with a county division which carried the same name but covered a wider geographical area.

History[edit]

Hereford sent two representatives to Parliament from the beginning of the reign of Edward I. Although a county town, the early elections were always held at a different location from those of the shire, the former taking place at the Guildhall, the latter in the castle.

In 1885 representation was reduced to one Member.

Journalist Robin Day stood as the Liberal candidate in the 1959 General Election.

From 1931 until 1997, Hereford was held by the Conservative Party, before being taken by Paul Keetch of the Liberal Democrats at the 1997 general election. Keetch served as the Liberal Democrats' spokesman for defence from October 1999 until May 2005, and announced on 17 November 2006 that he would not be standing at the next election.

Following the review by the Boundary Commission for England of parliamentary representation in Herefordshire, taking effect at the 2010 general election, two parliamentary constituencies have been allocated to the county. The Hereford seat has been abolished and replaced by the Hereford and South Herefordshire seat, while the remainder of the county is covered by the North Herefordshire seat. [1]

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Hereford, the Urban Districts of Ledbury and Ross-on-Wye, the Rural Districts of Dore, Ross, and Whitchurch, and parts of the Rural Districts of Hereford and Ledbury.

1950-1983: The Municipal Borough of Hereford, the Urban District of Ross-on-Wye, the Rural Districts of Dore and Bredwardine, and Ross and Whitchurch, and part of the Rural District of Hereford.

1983-1997: The City of Hereford, and the District of South Herefordshire wards of Backbury, Broad Oak, Dinedor Hill, Doward, Fownhope, Garron, Golden Valley, Gorsley, Gorsty, Harewood End, Hollington, Kingsthorne, Merbach, Olchon, Old Gore, Penyard, Pontrilas, Ross-on-Wye East, Ross-on-Wye West, Stoney Street, Tram Inn, Walford, Whitfield, and Wilton.

1997-2010: The City of Hereford, and the District of South Herefordshire wards of Broad Oak, Clehonger East, Clehonger West, Dinedor Hill, Doward, Fownhope, Garron, Golden Valley, Gorsley, Harewood End, Hollington, Kingsthorne, Merbach, Olchon, Old Gore, Penyard, Pontrilas, Ross-on-Wye East, Ross-on-Wye West, Stoney Street, Tram Inn, Walford, Whitfield, and Wilton.

In its final form, the Hereford constituency contained the city of Hereford and most of South Herefordshire, including Ross-on-Wye but excluding Ledbury and Much Marcle both of which were in the Leominster constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
Jan. 1377 Richard Nash[2]
1378 Thomas Whitefield[2]
1379 Richard Nash[2]
Jan.1380 Richard Nash[2]
1381 Richard Nash[2]
Oct. 1383 Richard Nash[2]
1386 John Wych Henry Catchpole I[3]
1388 (Feb) William Jonet Thomas Chippenham I[3]
1388 (Sep) William Jonet William Breinton[3]
1390 (Jan) John Wych James Nash[3]
1390 (Nov) Henry Catchpole II James Nash[3]
1391 Thomas Buryton John Prophet[3]
1393 Thomas Buryton John Wych[3]
1394
1395 Hugh Wigan William Speed[3]
1397 (Jan) Hugh Wigan James Nash[3]
1397 (Sep) Hugh Wigan Thomas Buryton[3]
1399 James Nash Thomas Buryton[3]
1401 Hugh Wigan Thomas Whitefield[3]
1402 Thomas Chippenham I John Troney[3]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Henry Chippenham Hugh Wigan[3]
1407 Hugh Wigan Roger ...feld[3]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Henry Chippenham George Breinton[3]
1414 (Apr) John Wilton Richard Strange[3]
1414 (Nov) Henry Chippenham George Breinton[3]
1415
1416 (Mar) Henry Chippenham George Breinton[3]
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Wilton John Orchard[3]
1419 Richard Strange John Abrahall[3]
1420 Thomas Chippenham II John Falk[3]
1421 (May) William Buryton Richard Strange[3]
1421 (Dec) Henry Chippenham Nicholas Chippenham[3]
1426 Thomas Chippenham
1429 Thomas Chippenham William Buryton [4]
1431 Thomas Chippenham[5] William Buryton[4]
1432 William Buryton[4]
1437 William Buryton[4]
1510
1512 Roland Brydges Reginald Mynors[6]
1515 Roland Brydges Reginald Mynors[6]
1523  ?
1529 Richard Warnecombe Thomas Havard[6]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542 Richard Warnecombe Thomas Havard[6]
1545  ?
1547 Thomas Havard William Berkeley, died
and replaced Jan 1552 by
John Warnecombe[6]
1553 (Mar) Hugh Welshe  ?[6]
1553 (Oct) Sir John Price Thomas Havard[6]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Havard Thomas Bromwich[6]
1554 (Nov) William Smothye Leonard Boldyng[6]
1555 Hugh Gebons Morgan Owgan[6]
1558 Henry Dudeston John Gibbs[6]
1558/1559 John Kerry Thomas Church[7]
1562/1563 Thomas Webbe, died
and replaced 1566 by
John Hyde
Henry Green[7]
1571 James Warnecombe Thomas Church[7]
1572 (Apr) James Warnecombe Gregory Price[7]
1584 Gregory Price James Boyle[7]
1586 (Sep) Gregory Price Thomas Jones[7]
1588 Gregory Price Nicholas Garnons[7]
1593 Gregory Price Thomas Mallard[7]
1597 Gregory Price Anthony Pembridge[7]
1601 Walter Hurdman Thomas Jones[7]
1604 Walter Hurdman John Hoskins
1614 John Hoskins John Warden
1621–1622 James Rodd Richard Weaver
1624 Sir James Clerke Richard Weaver
1625 Sir James Clerke Richard Weaver
1626 Sir James Clerke Richard Weaver
1628 The Viscount Scudamore John Hoskins
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1885[edit]

Event First member[8] First party Second member[8] Second party
April 1640 Richard Weaver Richard Seaborne
November 1640 Richard Weaver Parliamentarian Richard Seaborne Royalist
1642 James Scudamore Royalist
May 1643 Scudamore disabled from sitting – seat vacant
January 1644 Seaborne disabled from sitting – seat vacant
1646 Bennet Hoskyns Edmund Weaver[9]
December 1648 Hoskyns excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653 Hereford was unrepresented in Barebone's Parliament
1654 Bennet Hoskyns Hereford had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Colonel Wroth Rogers
January 1659 Nathan Rogers Roger Bosworth
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Herbert Westfaling Roger Bosworth
November 1660 Sir Henry Lingen
April 1661 Sir Edward Hopton
September 1661 Herbert Westfaling
1662 Roger Vaughan
1673 The Viscount Scudamore
1679 Bridstock Harford Paul Foley Country Whig
1681 Herbert Aubrey
1685 Thomas Geers
January 1689 Sir William Gregory Paul Foley Country Whig
June 1689 Henry Cornewall
1695 James Morgan
1698 Hon. James Brydges
1699 Samuel Pytts
1701 Thomas Foley
1715 The Viscount Scudamore
1717 Herbert Rudhale Westfaling
1722 William Mayo
1723 James Wallwyn
1727 Marquess of Carnarvon Thomas Geers[10]
1734 Thomas Foley Sir John Morgan
1741 Edward Cope Hopton Thomas Geers Winford
1747 Lieutenant General Henry Cornewall Daniel Leighton
1754 Charles Fitzroy Scudamore John Symons Tory
1764 John Scudamore
1768 (Sir) Richard Symons[11]
April 1784 Earl of Surrey[12] Whig
July 1784 Robert Philipps
1785 James Walwyn
1796 John Scudamore, junior
1800 Thomas Powell Symonds
1805 Richard Philip Scudamore
1818 Viscount Eastnor
1819 Richard Philip Scudamore
1826 Edward Bolton Clive Whig
1832 Robert Biddulph Whig
1837 Daniel Higford Davall Burr Conservative
July 1841 Henry William Hobhouse Whig
October 1841 Robert Pulsford Whig
1845 Sir Robert Price, Bt Whig
1847 Henry Morgan-Clifford Whig
1857 George Clive Whig
1859 Liberal Liberal
1865 Richard Baggallay Conservative
1868[13] John William Shaw Wylie Liberal
1869 Edward Clive Liberal Chandos Wren-Hoskyns Liberal
1871 George Arbuthnot Conservative
1874 Evan Pateshall Conservative George Clive Liberal
1878 George Arbuthnot Conservative
1880 Joseph Pulley Liberal Robert Reid Liberal
1885 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–2010[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 Joseph Pulley Liberal
1886 Sir Joseph Bailey Conservative
1892 William Grenfell Liberal
1893 Charles Wallwyn Radcliffe Cooke Conservative
1900 John Stanhope Arkwright Conservative
1912 William Hewins Unionist
1918 Charles Thornton Pulley Unionist
1921 Samuel Roberts Unionist
1929 Frank Owen Liberal
1931 James Thomas Conservative
1956 David Gibson-Watt Conservative
1974 Colin Shepherd Conservative
1997 Paul Keetch Liberal Democrat
2010 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Hereford [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Pulley 1,360
Conservative William Henry Barneby 1,296
Majority 64
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Hereford [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Russell Bailey 1,401
Liberal Joseph Pulley 1,136
Majority 265
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Hereford [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Grenfell 1,507
Conservative Joseph Russell Bailey 1,380
Majority 127
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Hereford by-election, 1893 [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Cooke 1,504
Liberal Joseph Pulley 1,460
Majority 44
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1895: Hereford [14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Cooke 1,669
Liberal Robert Pearce Edgcumbe 1,356
Majority 313
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Hereford [14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Arkwright unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906: Hereford [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Arkwright 1,934 n/a
Liberal Edward Scudamore Lucas-Scudamore 1,692 n/a
Majority 242 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Hereford [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Arkwright 2,320
Liberal Evan Lewis Thomas 1,533
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Joseph Davies
General Election December 1910: Hereford [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Arkwright 2,200
Liberal Joseph Davies 1,430
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
William Hewins
Hereford by-election, 1912 [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Hewins unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 11,680 75.8
Labour Sydney Box 3,730 24.2
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Hereford by-election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Roberts 9,670 56.6
Liberal Ernest Wilfred Langford 7,411 43.4
Majority
Turnout 62.5
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1922: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Roberts 13,138 76.2
Labour James Jonas Dodd 4,094 23.8
Majority
Turnout 62.0
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Hereford [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Roberts 11,448 55.3 -20.9
Liberal John Howard Whitehouse 8,280 40.0 n/a
Labour Sydney Box 981 4.7 -19.1
Majority 3,168 15.3 -37.1
Turnout 72.6 +10.6
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Samuel Roberts 13,210 60.6 +5.3
Liberal John Howard Whitehouse 8,604 39.4 -0.6
Majority 4,606
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 30 May 1929: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frank Owen 14,208 48.7 +9.3
Unionist Frederic Carnegie Romilly 13,087 44.8 -15.8
Labour Henry Cooper 1,901 6.5 n/a
Majority 1,121 3.9 25.1
Turnout 78.9
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +12.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 27 October 1931: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Thomas 19,418 60.90
Liberal Frank Owen 12,465 39.10
Majority 6,953 21.81
Turnout 83.85
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 14 November 1935: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Thomas 18,234 61.84
Liberal Walter Dingley 8,853 30.03
Labour George Clarke 2,397 8.13
Majority 9,381 31.82
Turnout 74.67
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Thomas 17,439 51.8
Labour William Pigott 8,359 24.8
Liberal Archibald Pellow Marshall 7,871 23.4
Majority 9,080 27.0
Turnout 69.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Thomas 18,314 51.6
Labour William Pigott 11,185 31.5
Liberal Albert Edward Farr 5,965 16.8
Majority 7,129 20.1
Turnout 80.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Thomas 21,204 61.3
Labour William Pigott 13,396 38.7
Majority 7,808 22.6
Turnout 77.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Thomas 18,058 51.8
Liberal Frank Owen 8,658 24.8
Labour E.L. Patricia Seers 8,154 23.4
Majority 9,400 27.0
Turnout 34,870 78.8
Conservative hold Swing
Hereford by-election, 1956
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Gibson-Watt 12,129 44.3 -7.5
Liberal Frank Owen 9,979 36.4 +11.6
Labour Bryan Stanley 5,277 19.3 -4.1
Majority 2,150 17.9
Turnout 27,385
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Gibson-Watt 17,763 49.3
Liberal Robin Day 10,185 28.3
Labour John W Wardle 8,097 22.4
Majority 7,578 21.0
Turnout 36,045 79.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Gibson-Watt 17,780 45.45
Labour Thomas J. H. Bishop 12,020 30.72
Liberal Kenneth Sydney Vaus 9,322 23.83
Majority 5,760 14.72
Turnout 79.10
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Gibson-Watt 17,529 44.60
Labour Michael K Prendergast 14,782 37.61
Liberal Kenneth Sydney Vaus 6,996 17.80
Majority 2,747 6.99
Turnout 77.30
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Gibson-Watt 22,011 53.20
Labour Gerard D Purnell 14,410 34.83
Liberal Thomas R Crowther 4,953 11.97
Majority 7,601 18.37
Turnout 73.37
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Gibson-Watt 18,676 41.31
Liberal CB Tannant Nash 15,238 33.70
Labour IE Geffen 11,299 24.99
Majority 3,438 7.60
Turnout 78.89
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Shepherd 17,060 38.92
Liberal CB Tannant Nash 15,948 36.39
Labour Michael K Prendergast 10,820 24.69
Majority 1,112 2.54
Turnout 75.79
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Shepherd 23,012 47.74
Liberal Christopher Frederick Green 18,042 37.43
Labour IR Adshead 7,150 14.83
Majority 4,970 10.31
Turnout 78.45
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Shepherd 23,334 48.07
Liberal Christopher Green 21,057 43.38
Labour J Evans 3,690 7.60
Ecology Victoria Murray 463 0.95
Majority 2,277 4.69
Turnout 75.79
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1987: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Shepherd 24,865 47.50
Liberal Christopher Green 23,452 44.80
Labour Vivian Woodell 4,031 7.70
Majority 1,413 2.70
Turnout 78.04
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Hereford[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Shepherd 26,727 47.2 −0.3
Liberal Democrat Gwynoro Jones 23,314 41.2 −3.6
Labour JE Kelly 6,005 10.6 +2.9
Green CT Mattingly 596 1.1 +1.1
Majority 3,413 6.0 +3.3
Turnout 56,642 81.3 +3.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.7
General Election 1997: Hereford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Paul Keetch 25,198 47.9
Conservative Colin Shepherd 18,550 35.3
Labour Chris Chappell 6,596 12.6
Referendum Clive Easton 2,209 4.2
Majority 6,648 12.6
Turnout 52,553 75.2
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Hereford[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Paul Keetch 18,244 40.9 −7
Conservative Virginia Taylor 17,276 38.7 +3.4
Labour David Hallam 6,739 15.1 +2.5
UKIP Clive Easton 1,184 2.7 N/A
Green David Gillett 1,181 2.6 N/A
Majority 968 2.2 -10.4
Turnout 44,624 63.6 -11.6
Liberal Democrat hold Swing
General Election 2005: Hereford[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Paul Keetch 20,285 43.3 +2.4
Conservative Virginia Taylor 19,323 41.2 +2.5
Labour Thomas Calver 4,800 10.2 -4.9
Green Brian Lunt 1,052 2.2 -0.4
UKIP Christopher Kingsley 1,030 2.2 -0.5
Independent Peter Morton 404 0.9 N/A
Majority 962 2.1 -0.1
Turnout 46,894 66.2 +2.6
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Final recommendations for Parliamentary constituencies in the county of Herefordshire". Boundary Commission for England. 7 January 2004. Archived from the original on 2 November 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/nash-%28ash%29-richard-13945
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/buryton-william
  5. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/chippenham-thomas-ii
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ It is not known for certain whether Weaver sat after Pride's Purge: a "Mr Weaver" was re-admitted and Edmund Weaver appears in one list of members of the Rump, but he is not listed in the House of Commons Journals, and Brunton & Pennington suggest he has probably been confused with John Weaver, MP for Stamford (who was certainly a member)
  10. ^ Later adopted the surname Winford
  11. ^ Created a baronet, May 1774
  12. ^ Surrey was also elected for Carlisle, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Hereford
  13. ^ On petition, the election of 1868 was declared void and a by-election was held
  14. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  15. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  16. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  18. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  19. ^ "Hereford Constituency: Declaration of Result of Poll" (PDF). 7 June 2001. Retrieved 19 February 2016. 
  20. ^ "Hereford Constituency: Declaration of Result of Poll" (PDF). 5 May 2005. Retrieved 19 February 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [3]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)

Coordinates: 52°00′N 2°42′W / 52.0°N 2.7°W / 52.0; -2.7