Herefordshire Beacon

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Herefordshire Beacon
British Camp - geograph.org.uk - 16198.jpg
Herefordshire Beacon
Highest point
Elevation338 m (1,109 ft)[1]
Geography
LocationMalvern Hills, England
Topo mapOS Landranger 150
Geology
Age of rockPre-Cambrian
Mountain typeIgneous, Metamorphic
Climbing
Easiest routeHiking

The Herefordshire Beacon is one of the highest peaks of the Malvern Hills, and is high enough to be classified as a mountain.[citation needed] It is surrounded by a British Iron Age hill fort earthwork known as British Camp. The fort subsequently had a ringwork and bailey castle built inside its boundary and there is evidence of 120 huts in the area. British Camp has been a scheduled monument since 1923.

On the eastern slope of Herefordshire Beacon, there is a disused reservoir, British Camp Reservoir, which holds approximately 213,000 cubic metres (7,500,000 cu ft) of water.

Geography[edit]

Herefordshire beacon represents one of the Malvern Hills, 1,109 feet (338 m) high,[1] and is the second highest summit in the hills.[2]

British Camp[edit]

Atop Herefordshire Beacon, there is an Iron Age hill fort, known as British Camp,[2] and would have held a settlement between 4th century BCE and 1st century CE. A ringwork and bailey castle was built within the site of the hill fort, and there is evidence of 120 huts having been built within the boundaries of the fort. The hill fort received scheduled monument status on 10 August 1923.[3]

Nearby to British Camp, on the eastern slope of Herefordshire Beacon, there is a reservoir called British Camp Reservoir.[4] It has a capacity of 213,000 cubic metres (7,500,000 cu ft), although it has not been used for many years. In 2017, Severn Trent proposed to dismantle the treatment plant associated with the reservoir and drain it, leaving an 8,000 cubic metres (280,000 cu ft) pond.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Herefordshire Beacon/". Peakery. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b Wainwright, Martin (6 May 2010). "Britain's best views: The British Camp, Malvern Hills". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Herefordshire Beacon Camp". Historic England. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  4. ^ Gravenor, Emily (3 September 2018). "Walk: Malvern Hills, Worcestershire and Herefordshire". Country File. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  5. ^ Hale, Robert (22 September 2017). "Malvern Hills to lose landmark reservoir on Herefordshire Beacon?". Worcester News. Retrieved 21 March 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°03′30″N 2°21′06″W / 52.0582°N 2.3518°W / 52.0582; -2.3518