Heribert of Cologne
|Archbishop of Cologne|
Statue at the Cologne town hall tower.
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||9 July 999|
|Term ended||16 March 1021|
|Consecration||25 December 999|
Worms, Kingdom of Germany
16 March 1021 (aged 50-51)|
Cologne, Kingdom of Germany
by Pope Gregory VII
Saint Heribert (c. 970 – 16 March 1021) was a German Roman Catholic prelate who served as the Archbishop of Cologne from 999 until his death. He also served as the Chancellor for the Emperor Otto III since 994. He also collaborated with Saint Heinrich II with whom relations were strained though were strengthened over time.
Heribert's canonization was confirmed around 1075.
He was educated in the school at the Worms Cathedral and at the Benedictine Gorze convent in Lorraine. Heribert studied alongside Bruno de Carinthia who was the future Pope Gregory V. He wanted to become a Benedictine monk but his father disapproved of that path and Heribert no longer pursued it. He returned to the Worms Cathedral to serve as its provost and received his ordination to the priesthood in 994 from Bishop Holdebold. The Bishop of Worms wanted Heribert to be his successor though the emperor took notice of him and planned to bring him as an advisor to his court.
The Emperor Otto III appointed him in 994 as the Italian chancellor and in 998 for the German kingdom. He held the latter position until Otto III's death. He had accompanied the emperor to Rome in 996 and again in 997 and was still on the peninsula when word came that he had been chosen as the Archbishop of Cologne. In Benevento he received investiture and the pallium from the new Pope Sylvester II on 9 July 999 and on the following Christmas received his episcopal consecration at Cologne in the archdiocesan cathedral.
In 1002 he was present at the deathbed of Otto III at Paterno. While returning to his homeland to Aachen with the Emperor's remains and the imperial insignia he was captured at the behest of the future Saint Heinrich II whom he had first opposed but later served. Once the latter was made king in 1002 he acknowledged him as such and served as his collaborator and still as chancellor. The pair's relations were not the best though the new emperor came to respect his abilities and the rift between them turned into a friendship. In 1003 he founded the Deutz convent on the Rhine. Heribert often sent alms to the poor and sent alms to priests to distribute to the poor.
Heribert died on 16 March 1021 in his archdiocese and was buried at his convent church after their transferal on 30 August 1147. Heribert contracted a fever while on a pastoral visitation and hurried back to Cologne to recover where he died within the week.
- "Saint Heribert of Cologne". Saints SQPN. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- "St. Heribert of Cologne". EWTN. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- Ilana Abend-David, "Architectural representations on the medallions of the Heribert shrine", in Sarah Blick and Rita Tekippe, eds. Art and architecture of late medieval pilgrimage in Northern Europe.
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|Catholic Church titles|
| Archbishop of Cologne
9 July 999 – 16 March 1021