Heribert of Cologne

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Saint
Heribert
Archbishop of Cologne
Rathausturm Köln - Heribert (detail).jpg
Statue at the Cologne town hall tower.
Church Roman Catholic Church
Archdiocese Cologne
See Cologne
Appointed 9 July 999
Term ended 16 March 1021
Predecessor Ebergar
Successor Pilgrim
Orders
Ordination 994
by Holdebold
Consecration 25 December 999
Personal details
Birth name Heribert
Born c. 970
Worms, Kingdom of Germany
Died 16 March 1021 (aged 50-51)
Cologne, Kingdom of Germany
Sainthood
Feast day
  • 16 March
  • 30 August (Cologne)
Venerated in
Canonized c. 1075
by Pope Gregory VII
Attributes Episcopal attire
Patronage

Saint Heribert (c. 970 – 16 March 1021) was a German Roman Catholic prelate who served as the Archbishop of Cologne from 999 until his death.[1] He also served as the Chancellor for the Emperor Otto III since 994. He also collaborated with Saint Heinrich II with whom relations were strained though were strengthened over time.[2]

Heribert's canonization was confirmed around 1075.[1]

Life[edit]

Tomb.

Heribert was born around 970 in Worms to Count Hugo and Tietwista. On the maternal side his half-brother was Heinrich who was the Bishop of Würzburg and his brother was Earl Getseman Vingngau.[1]

He was educated in the school at the Worms Cathedral and at the Benedictine Gorze convent in Lorraine. Heribert studied alongside Bruno de Carinthia who was the future Pope Gregory V.[1] He wanted to become a Benedictine monk but his father disapproved of that path and Heribert no longer pursued it. He returned to the Worms Cathedral to serve as its provost and received his ordination to the priesthood in 994 from Bishop Holdebold. The Bishop of Worms wanted Heribert to be his successor though the emperor took notice of him and planned to bring him as an advisor to his court.[2]

The Emperor Otto III appointed him in 994 as the Italian chancellor and in 998 for the German kingdom. He held the latter position until Otto III's death. He had accompanied the emperor to Rome in 996 and again in 997 and was still on the peninsula when word came that he had been chosen as the Archbishop of Cologne. In Benevento he received investiture and the pallium from the new Pope Sylvester II on 9 July 999 and on the following Christmas received his episcopal consecration at Cologne in the archdiocesan cathedral.[1]

In 1002 he was present at the deathbed of Otto III at Paterno. While returning to his homeland to Aachen with the Emperor's remains and the imperial insignia he was captured at the behest of the future Saint Heinrich II whom he had first opposed but later served. Once the latter was made king in 1002 he acknowledged him as such and served as his collaborator and still as chancellor.[1] The pair's relations were not the best though the new emperor came to respect his abilities and the rift between them turned into a friendship.[2] In 1003 he founded the Deutz convent on the Rhine. Heribert often sent alms to the poor and sent alms to priests to distribute to the poor.

Heribert died on 16 March 1021 in his archdiocese and was buried at his convent church after their transferal on 30 August 1147.[1] Heribert contracted a fever while on a pastoral visitation and hurried back to Cologne to recover where he died within the week.[2]

Canonization[edit]

Heribert was honoured as a saint during his lifetime and was canonized in about 1075. His reported miracles included ending a drought; he is thus invoked for beneficial rains.

His relics were kept in the convent church at Deutz in a golden casket which is now preserved in the parish church of "Neu-St.Heribert" in Köln-Deutz.[3].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Saint Heribert of Cologne". Saints SQPN. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "St. Heribert of Cologne". EWTN. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  3. ^ Ilana Abend-David, "Architectural representations on the medallions of the Heribert shrine", in Sarah Blick and Rita Tekippe, eds. Art and architecture of late medieval pilgrimage in Northern Europe.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Heribert". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Ebergar
Archbishop of Cologne
9 July 999 – 16 March 1021
Succeeded by
Pilgrim