Herkimer County, New York

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Herkimer County, New York
County of New York State
County of Herkimer
Herkimer County Courthouse Sept 09.jpg
Herkimer County Courthouse
Flag of Herkimer County, New York
Flag
Seal of Herkimer County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Herkimer County
Location in the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded1791
Named forNicholas Herkimer
SeatHerkimer
Largest villageIlion
Area
 • Total1,458 sq mi (3,776 km2)
 • Land1,411 sq mi (3,654 km2)
 • Water46 sq mi (119 km2), 3.2%
Population
 • (2010)64,519
 • Density46/sq mi (18/km2)
Congressional districts21st, 22nd
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.herkimercounty.org

Herkimer County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,519.[1] Its county seat is Herkimer.[2] The county was created in 1791 north of the Mohawk River out of part of Montgomery County. It is named after General Nicholas Herkimer,[3] who died from battle wounds in 1777 after taking part in the Battle of Oriskany during the Revolutionary War.

Herkimer County is part of the Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

General Nicholas Herkimer, commander at the Battle of Oriskany in 1777 and namesake of Herkimer County

In 1791, Herkimer County was created as one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Otsego and Tioga counties) as New York State was developed after the American Revolutionary War. Its area was much larger than the present county, however, and was reduced subsequently as more counties were organized.

Part of Herkimer County was included in the Macomb's Purchase of 1791, during the wide-scale sale of public lands after the state forced Iroquois tribes allied with the British during the war to cede their territory. Suddenly the state was selling 5 million acres (20,000 km2) of land in upstate, central and western New York.

In 1794, Onondaga County was split off from Herkimer County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, and included the present Cayuga, Cortland, and part of Oswego counties.

In 1798, portions of Herkimer and Tioga counties were taken to form Chenango County.

Another part of Herkimer was split off to form Oneida County. It was then larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego counties.

In 1802, parts of Herkimer, Clinton and Montgomery counties were combined to form the new St. Lawrence County.

The rural economy was first based on general agriculture and then wheat, but after the opening of the Erie Canal, Herkimer farmers found that they could not compete with grain farmers to the west. By the mid-19th century, they had begun to specialize in dairy farming and created a cheese industry that supplied the New York City market, among others.

By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, some small farmers had begun to revive an artisan cheese industry and sustainable dairy farming here and in other parts of the central state. In 2008 New York had the third-largest milk production in the nation and was fourth-ranking in production of cheese, according to Cornell University. It has several inter-disciplinary programs related to the dairy industry.[4]

During the American Civil War, Herkimer contributed five companies to the 34th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, leading to the unit's nickname "The Herkimer Regiment".

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,458 square miles (3,780 km2), of which 1,411 square miles (3,650 km2) is land and 46 square miles (120 km2) (3.2%) is water.[5]

Herkimer County is in central New York State, northwest of Albany, and east of Syracuse. The northern part of the county is in the Adirondack Park. The Mohawk River flows across the south part of the county.

Demographics[edit]

Herkimer County Treasurer's Office, 108 Court Street in Herkimer
Historical population
Census Pop.
180014,479
181022,04652.3%
182031,01740.7%
183035,87015.6%
184037,4774.5%
185038,2442.0%
186040,5616.1%
187039,929−1.6%
188042,6696.9%
189045,6086.9%
190051,04911.9%
191056,35610.4%
192064,96215.3%
193064,006−1.5%
194059,527−7.0%
195061,4073.2%
196066,3708.1%
197067,6331.9%
198066,714−1.4%
199065,797−1.4%
200064,427−2.1%
201064,5190.1%
Est. 201662,613[6]−3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 64,427 people, 25,734 households, and 17,113 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 32,026 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.83% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.6% were of Italian, 16.3% German, 13.9% Irish, 9.3% English, 7.7% Polish, 6.2% American and 5.2% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English, 1.2% Spanish and 1.1% Italian as their first language.

There were 25,734 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,924, and the median income for a family was $40,570. Males had a median income of $29,908 versus $21,518 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,141. About 8.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 63.6% 16,699 30.8% 8,083 5.6% 1,473
2012 53.0% 13,282 45.0% 11,273 1.9% 485
2008 53.8% 14,619 44.5% 12,094 1.7% 471
2004 56.6% 16,024 41.2% 11,675 2.2% 611
2000 51.1% 14,147 44.1% 12,224 4.8% 1,334
1996 37.9% 10,085 44.7% 11,910 17.4% 4,631
1992 40.3% 12,052 36.3% 10,880 23.4% 7,007
1988 53.9% 15,104 45.3% 12,694 0.8% 224
1984 64.4% 18,827 35.4% 10,346 0.3% 85
1980 50.6% 14,105 41.2% 11,497 8.2% 2,286
1976 54.1% 15,362 45.4% 12,875 0.5% 140
1972 67.8% 20,194 31.9% 9,487 0.3% 86
1968 54.9% 15,192 39.5% 10,940 5.5% 1,533
1964 33.5% 10,159 66.4% 20,136 0.1% 22
1960 54.2% 17,758 45.7% 14,977 0.1% 33
1956 71.7% 22,246 28.3% 8,789 0.0% 0
1952 64.3% 20,980 35.5% 11,599 0.2% 70
1948 51.8% 14,688 44.4% 12,577 3.8% 1,073
1944 55.8% 15,656 44.1% 12,381 0.2% 48
1940 57.4% 17,590 42.5% 13,013 0.2% 54
1936 54.7% 15,941 44.1% 12,847 1.2% 341
1932 56.6% 15,158 41.8% 11,194 1.6% 438
1928 62.7% 18,624 35.9% 10,654 1.5% 431
1924 66.3% 15,625 27.4% 6,464 6.3% 1,474
1920 65.3% 14,310 29.7% 6,507 5.1% 1,107
1916 54.4% 7,934 43.0% 6,271 2.6% 375
1912 34.4% 4,665 37.7% 5,122 27.9% 3,793
1908 55.9% 8,202 40.3% 5,918 3.8% 559
1904 56.8% 8,319 39.8% 5,827 3.4% 499
1900 57.8% 8,100 38.5% 5,401 3.7% 521
1896 59.8% 8,096 37.1% 5,027 3.1% 422
1892 49.9% 6,219 44.4% 5,526 5.7% 709
1888 52.9% 6,683 44.4% 5,611 2.7% 346
1884 51.8% 6,138 45.0% 5,329 3.2% 384

The Herkimer County Legislature consists of 17 members, each elected from single-member districts.

Herkimer County is one of the most politically conservative counties in New York. In 2010, it was one of the few counties outside of Western New York to vote for Carl Paladino over Andrew Cuomo in the gubernatorial election.

The county is currently located in the New York's 21st congressional district and is represented by Republican Elise Stefanik. She was elected in the 2014 Midterm elections by a high margin of 21.7%. Then 30, she was the youngest woman in United States history to be elected to the House of Representatives. It is also located in New York's 22nd Congressional District and is currently Represented by Republican Claudia Tenney.

Economy[edit]

Herkimer County is known for producing unusual clear, doubly terminated quartz crystals, marketed as Herkimer diamonds.

Ilion in Herkimer County has one of two production sites of the Remington Arms Company, where many of the company's firearms are produced.

Education[edit]

Herkimer County Community College is located in the Village of Herkimer.

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

The following public use airport is located in the county:[13]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Hamlets[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 155.
  4. ^ Thomas R. Overton, "The New York Dairy Industry and Cornell" Archived 2016-10-11 at the Wayback Machine., CCE Tompkins
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  13. ^ Herkimer County Public and Private Airports, New York Archived 2011-10-19 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved June 13, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°25′N 74°58′W / 43.41°N 74.96°W / 43.41; -74.96