Herman P. Eberharter

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Herman P. Eberharter
Herman P. Eberharter (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 28th district
In office
January 3, 1953 – September 9, 1958
Preceded by Carroll D. Kearns
Succeeded by William S. Moorhead
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 32nd district
In office
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1953
Preceded by James A. Wright
Succeeded by District eliminated
In office
January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1943
Preceded by Theodore L. Moritz
Succeeded by James A. Wright
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 31st district
In office
January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1945
Preceded by Samuel A. Weiss
Succeeded by James G. Fulton
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
In office
1935–1936
Personal details
Born (1892-04-29)April 29, 1892
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died September 9, 1958(1958-09-09) (aged 66)
Arlington, Virginia
Political party Democratic

Herman Peter Eberharter (April 29, 1892 – September 9, 1958) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Biography[edit]

Eberharter was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During the First World War, he served in the United States Army as a private in the 20th Infantry Regiment and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. He continued to serve in the military as a member of the Officers’ Reserve Corps, and attained the rank of major. He graduated from Duquesne University Law School in 1925 and became an attorney in Pittsburgh. He became a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1935 and 1936.

He was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fifth and to the ten succeeding Congresses. He served from January 3, 1937, until his death in Arlington, Virginia. he was buried at Mount Carmel Cemetery in Pittsburgh

In 1945, Ebeharter introduced the legislation that gave official Congressional approval of the Pledge of Allegiance.[1] Beginning with the 78th United States Congress, he sat as a member of the United States House Committee on Ways and Means.[2]

Eberharter was a member of the Dies Committee, which received the "Yellow Report" alleging Japanese-American espionage during World War II based on cultural traits such as Buddhist faith and a high proportion of fishermen among the population. Eberharter was the only member of the committee to openly express opposition to wartime internment of Japanese Americans.[3]

A confidential 1943 analysis of the House Foreign Affairs Committee by Isaiah Berlin for the British Foreign Office described Eberharter as[4]

A New Dealer from Pittsburg [sic] of Austrian origin; internationalist-minded, and perhaps inclined to go slightly faster and further than the Administration. His position is well indicated by the fact that recently he urged that in the renewal of Lend-Lease there should be no implication in the wording that repayment is expected from the recipients. A Catholic; age 50; interested in the Austrian Legion.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ University of Rochester - Francis Bellamy
  2. ^ House Ways and Means Committee
  3. ^ Myer, Dillon S. Uprooted Americans. Tucson: U of Arizona P, 1971. p. 19.
  4. ^ Hachey, Thomas E. (Winter 1973–1974). "American Profiles on Capitol Hill: A Confidential Study for the British Foreign Office in 1943" (PDF). Wisconsin Magazine of History. 57 (2): 141–153. JSTOR 4634869. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-21. 
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Theodore L. Moritz
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 32nd congressional district

1937–1943
Succeeded by
James A. Wright
Preceded by
Samuel A. Weiss
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 31st congressional district

1943–1945
Succeeded by
James G. Fulton
Preceded by
James A. Wright
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 32nd congressional district

1945–1953
Succeeded by
District Eliminated
Preceded by
Carroll D. Kearns
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 28th congressional district

1953–1958
Succeeded by
William S. Moorhead