|City of Hermann|
|Named for||Hermann der Cherusker|
|• Mayor||Bruce Cox|
|• Administrator||Patricia Heaney|
|• Total||2.71 sq mi (7.01 km2)|
|• Land||2.53 sq mi (6.54 km2)|
|• Water||0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)|
|Elevation||528 ft (161 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||864.66/sq mi (333.85/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0719397|
Hermann is a city in and the county seat of Gasconade County, Missouri, United States. It has been the county seat since 1842. It is near the center of the Missouri Rhineland and south of the Missouri River. The population was 2,185 at the 2020 census.
The city is the commercial center of the Hermann American Viticultural Area, whose seven wineries produce about one-third of the state's wine. Designated in 1983, it is one of the first federally recognized American Viticultural Areas. The designation recognized the renaissance of an area of vineyards and wineries established by German immigrants during the mid-19th century. Shut down by Prohibition, it began to revive in the 1960s.
Hermann High School holds the state record for the most girls high-school volleyball championships in Missouri.
The city was founded by the Deutsche Ansiedlungs-Gesellschaft zu Philadelphia (German Settlement Society of Philadelphia) in 1837. It was promoted by Gottfried Duden, who wrote about the area in his Bericht über eine Reise nach den westlichen Staaten Nord Amerikas (Report of a Journey to the Western States of Northern America). In November 1837, an early group of settlers was led by George Bayer, who bought the land on the behalf of the society. George was waylaid in Pittsburgh, though, due to illness and arrived in Hermann in the spring of 1838 leading another group of families. The town was platted after the society sold shares in the 11,300 acres (4,600 ha) of Gasconade River valley land it had purchased.
The society had almost utopian goals of a "heart of German America" where it could perpetuate traditional German culture and establish a self-supporting colony built around farming, commerce, and industry. The town is named after Hermann der Cherusker, a Germanic leader who defeated the Romans in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD. In 2009, Hermann celebrated the 2000th anniversary of the battle, in which the Germanic warrior Hermann defeated three Roman legions.
A bronze statue of the city's namesake was dedicated in the Hermann Park.
In the 1960s, people began to rebuild the wine industry in the Hermann area. Today, the vineyards and wineries contribute to the agricultural and heritage tourism economies, with winery tours and wine tastings. Stone Hill Winery, the largest winemaking business in the state, and Hermannhof Winery are in the town; 2 miles (3.2 km) south of town off Missouri Highway 100 West is Adam Puchta Winery, the oldest continuously family-owned winery in the nation, under direct family ownership since 1855. Bias Vineyards is less than 8 miles (13 km) east near Berger on Missouri Highway 100. Also included in the Hermann AVA are Oakglenn Vineyards and Winery, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east of Hermann; Bommarito Estate Almond Tree Winery; and Röbbler Vineyards and Winery near New Haven.
The Hermann Historic District, Kotthoff-Weeks Farm Complex, Old Stone Hill Historic District, William Poeschel House, The Rotunda, and Vallet-Danuser House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, 2,431 people, 1,047 households, and 614 families resided in the city. The population density was 960.9 inhabitants per square mile (371.0/km2). The 1,291 housing units had an average density of 510.3 per square mile (197.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.6% of the population.
Of the 1,047 households, 25.8% had children under 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.4% were not families. About 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.23, and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 44.9 years; 21.5% of residents were under 18; 6.8% were 18 to 24; 21.8% were 25 to 44; 25.4% were 45 to 64; and 24.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, 2,674 people, 1,149 households, and 698 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,161.5 inhabitants per square mile (448.5/km2). The 1,285 housing units had an average density of 558.2 per square mile (215.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.80% White, 0.22% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.60% of the population.
Of the 1,149 households, 27.6% had children under 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were not families. Around 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.5% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.20, and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city, the age distribution was 22.4% under 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 26.9% who were 65 or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.5 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,634, and for a family was $44,621. Males had a median income of $27,426 versus $20,372 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,428. About 5.0% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Public education in Hermann is administered by Gasconade County R-I School District, which operates one elementary school, one middle school, and Hermann High School.
Hermann has a lending library, a branch of the Scenic Regional Library system.
- Brock Olivo, former Missouri Tigers and Detroit Lions football player
- Ken Boyer, former St. Louis Cardinals third baseman and manager
- Stephanie Graff, medical oncologist
- Richard Honeck, arsonist and murderer, was paroled after serving 64 years.
- Joe Hoerner, former Major League Baseball pitcher
- Charles Radtke, furniture designer
- Nathaniel Rateliff, singer and songwriter, founder of Nathaniel Rateliff and the NightSweats
- Hermann City Government
- City Government Officials - City of Hermann, Missouri Archived 2014-12-05 at the Wayback Machine
- "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hermann, Missouri
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
- Official Wurstfest page Archived 2008-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 169.
- MacGregor, Neil (2014). Germany. BBC. p. 128.
- "Partnerstadt Hermann grüßt Bad Arolsen mit Arminius aus Bronze". Waldeckische Landeszeitung Frankenberger Zeitung. December 22, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "First Train – First Disaster".
- "Little Germany on the Missouri," by Anna Kemper Hesse, University of Missouri Press, 1998, p. 43
- Adam Puchta Winery, accessed 20 Jun 2008
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- "Gasconade County R-I School District". Great Schools. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- "Locations and Hours". Scenic Regional Library. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- Heming, Carol Piper "Schulhaus to Schoolhouse: The German School at Hermann, Missouri, 1839-1955." Missouri Historical Review 82 (April 1988): 280-298. online
- Muehl, Siegmar "Hermann's "Free Men": 1850s German-American Religious Rationalism." Missouri Historical Review 85 (July 1991): 361-380. online
- Trautmann, Frederic "Missouri through a German's Eyes: Franz Von Löher on St. Louis and Hermann." Missouri Historical Review 77 (July 1983): 367-694. based on 1840s and 1850s online
- "Winegrowing in the Hermann Area: Early Years' Chronicle." Missouri Historical Review 87 (April 1993): 233-252. online