Hermann Gröhe

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Hermann Gröhe
Hermann Gröhe 2010.jpg
Federal Minister of Health
 Germany
In office
2013–2018
Preceded by Daniel Bahr
Succeeded by Jens Spahn
Minister of State at the Federal Chancellery
 Germany
In office
2008–2009
Preceded by Hildegard Müller
Succeeded by Eckart von Klaeden
Member of the Bundestag
Assumed office
1994
Personal details
Born (1961-02-25) 25 February 1961 (age 57)
Uedem, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
(now Germany)
Nationality German
Political party CDU
Alma mater University of Cologne

Hermann Gröhe (born 25 February 1961) is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who served as Minister of Health in the third cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel from 2013 until 2018.

Early life and career[edit]

Gröhe finished law school at the University of Cologne and was a research assistant at the university 1987-1993. He also worked as a trainee lawyer at a local court in Cologne 1991-1993. He has been a licensed lawyer since 1997.[1]

Political career[edit]

Becoming a member of CDU in 1977, Gröhe has represented the party in the German Bundestag since 1994 and has represented the Neuss I constituency since 1995. Between 1998 and 2005, he was his parliamentary group’s spokesperson on human rights and humanitarian aid. He subsequently served on the Committee on Foreign Affairs from 2005 until 2008.

From 2008 until 2009, Gröhe briefly served as Minister of State at the Federal Chancellery under Chancellor Angela Merkel. In the negotiations to form a coalition government following the 2009 federal elections, he was a member of the working group on economic affairs and energy, led by Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg and Rainer Brüderle.

Secretary General of the CDU, 2009-2013[edit]

As successor of Ronald Pofalla, Gröhe was secretary general of the CDU 2009-2013;[1] serving as the campaign manager in the German federal election, 2013.[2] He was credited with marshalling Angela Merkel’s electoral victory that year, the party’s best result since German reunification in 1990.[3] In the negotiations to form a coalition government following the elections, Gröhe was part of the 15-member leadership circle chaired by Merkel, Horst Seehofer and Sigmar Gabriel.

Federal Minister of Health, 2013-2018[edit]

Following the formation of the third cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel, Gröhe took office as Federal Minister of Health. His deputies were Ingrid Fischbach and Annette Widmann-Mauz.

In October 2014, Gröhe's elderly care reform bill, which is supposed to better fit the individual needs of those in care and expected to cost the government a further 1.2 billion euro ($1.5 billion), was passed by the Bundestag.[4]

In December 2014, Gröhe was surprisingly contested by Jens Spahn for a place on the CDU’s ruling council, in a move that was widely seen as crystallizing the generational tensions within the party. Spahn’s election bid was backed by the then 72-year-old finance minister, Wolfgang Schäuble.[5] Shortly before the vote at the annual CDU party conference, Gröhe withdrew his candidacy and Spahn was elected.[6]

During his time in office, Gröhe also focused heavily on global health issues. Alongside his colleague Gerd Müller, he travelled to Ghana and Liberia right after the West African Ebola virus epidemic in 2015.[7] That same year, he accompanied Merkel when she spoke at the opening of the annual World Health Assembly in Geneva on the need for reforming the World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure there is prompt response to health emergencies.[8] As part of Germany's G7 presidency in 2015, he brought together G7 Health Ministers to adopt a declaration addressing antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

In March 2016, Gröhe was appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to the High-Level Commission on Health Employment and Economic Growth, which was co-chaired by presidents François Hollande of France and Jacob Zuma of South Africa.[9] He later led Germany's delegation to the 2016 High Level Meeting on Ending AIDS in New York.

Ahead of the 2017 elections, Gröhe was elected to lead his party’s campaign in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany’s most populous state.[10] In the negotiations to form a fourth coalition government under Merkel, he led the working group on health policy, alongside Malu Dreyer and Georg Nüßlein.

Later career[edit]

Since March 2018, Gröhe has been serving as deputy chairman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group under the leadership of Volker Kauder. In this capacity, he oversees the group’s initiatives on social affairs and development policy. He was also appointed to the Pension Commission of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, a body mandated to draft recommendations for Germany’s old-age pension system.[11]

Other activities[edit]

  • Hermann Kunst Foundation for the Promotion of New Testament Textual Research, Member of the Board of Trustees[12]
  • Internationales Bildungs- und Begegnungswerk (IBB), Member of the Board of Trustees[13]
  • German Forum for Crime Prevention (DFK), Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Trustees (2013-2018)[14]
  • Chrismon, Co-editor (2000-2009)
  • Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD), Member of the Council (1997-2009)
  • German Institute for Human Rights (DIMR), Member of the Board of Trustees (2001-)
  • Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS), Member of the Board (since 2001)
  • ZDF, Member of the Television Board

Political positions[edit]

Addressing a United Nations "interfaith" meeting in 2008, Gröhe defended the right to convert to another faith, a right not recognized in some Muslim countries; he called it "unacceptable that up until now laws in some countries threaten those who want to convert with the death penalty."[15]

After a 18-month-old boy died of measles in Berlin in 2015, Gröhe warned publicly that "those who refuse to vaccinate their children endanger not only them but others, threatening serious health problems."[16]

In June 2017, Gröhe voted against Germany’s introduction of same-sex marriage.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Gröhe is married with former hospital administrator[18] Heidi Oldenkott-Gröhe; they have four children. He is a Protestant.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.hermann-groehe.de/page/57.htm Hermann-grohe.de. Retrieved 16 December 2013. Archived at WebCite.
  2. ^ Introducing the new German cabinet: Party loyalist Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 16 December 2013
  3. ^ Patrick Donahue (December 15, 2013), German Chancellor Merkel’s Third-Term Cabinet: List of Ministers Bloomberg News.
  4. ^ Elizabeth Schumacher (October 17, 2014), Germany passes elderly care reform despite opposition's criticism Deutsche Welle.
  5. ^ Stefan Wagstyl (December 7, 2014), Political upstart challenges Germany’s greying leaders Financial Times.
  6. ^ Stefan Wagstyl (December 9, 2014), Merkel eyes relief for German taxpayers Financial Times.
  7. ^ Daniel Tost (April 8, 2015), German ministers visit West Africa with ‘lessons from Ebola’ EurActiv.
  8. ^ Sarah Boseley (May 18, 2015), Plan to reform WHO after Ebola to be unveiled by Angela Merkel The Guardian.
  9. ^ High-Level Commission on Health Employment and Economic Growth – Commissioners World Health Organization.
  10. ^ Landesvertreterversammlung: Gröhe führt Landesliste der NRW-CDU zur Bundestagswahl an Rheinische Post, February 18, 2017.
  11. ^ Rentenkommission "Verlässlicher Generationenvertrag" vorgestellt Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, press release of May 3, 2018.
  12. ^ Board of Trustees Hermann Kunst Foundation for the Promotion of New Testament Textual Research.
  13. ^ Board of Trustees
  14. ^ Board of Trustees German Forum for Crime Prevention (DFK).
  15. ^ Patrick Worsnip (November 13, 2008), Bush promotes religious freedom at UN gathering Reuters.
  16. ^ German toddler dies of measles amid vaccine debate Al Jazeera, February 23, 2015.
  17. ^ Diese Unionsabgeordneten stimmten für die Ehe für alle Die Welt, June 30, 2017.
  18. ^ Helga Bittner (March 7, 2015), Die Ministergattin hat im Familien-Kabinett das Sagen Rheinische Post.