Hermann Lieb

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Hermann Lieb
Born(1826-05-24)May 24, 1826
Ermatingen, Switzerland
DiedMarch 5, 1908(1908-03-05) (aged 81)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Service/branchUnited States Union Army
Years of service1861-1866
RankUnion Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brevet Brigadier General
Commands held9th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent)
5th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War
Other worklawyer, editor, postal worker, author

Hermann Lieb (a.k.a. Herman Lieb[1]) (May 24, 1826 – March 5, 1908) was a Swiss immigrant to the United States who served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered as the commander of the Union forces at the Battle of Milliken's Bend in 1863.

Early life[edit]

Lieb was born in Switzerland in 1826 and was educated there and in France.[2] He emigrated to the United States and settled in 1856 in Decatur, Illinois, where he began practicing law.

American Civil War[edit]

At the outbreak of the war, he enlisted for ninety days as a private in Company B of the 8th Illinois Infantry.[3] Upon reorganization of the regiment as a three-year unit in July 1861, Lieb was elected captain and the following year was promoted to major.[3] He fought at the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh and the siege of Corinth.

On April 14, 1863 he was appointed colonel of the 9th Louisiana Regiment of African Descent.[4] During the Vicksburg campaign Lieb commanded the post of Milliken's Bend along the Mississippi River. Here, on June 7, 1863, Lieb defeated Confederate forces under General Henry E. McCulloch and was wounded during the fighting. On August 7 his unit was converted into an artillery unit which eventually became the 5th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery. With his regiment he performed garrison duty in the Vicksburg area for the remainder of 1863. On May 6, 1864, he was given command of the artillery forces of the Post of Vicksburg.[1]

On March 13, 1865 Lieb was promoted to brevet brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers and was mustered out of the volunteer service on March 20, 1866.[1]

After the War[edit]

Lieb returned to Illinois where he worked as a newspaper editor, postal worker and author. He died in 1908.


  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Five Generals from Decatur
  • Vicksburg NMP: Battle of Milliken's Bend


  1. ^ a b c Eicher p.348
  2. ^ Five Generals from Decatur
  3. ^ a b Vicksburg NMP
  4. ^ Thomas, Lorenzo (April 14, 1863). Special Orders No. 9. U.S. War Department.

External links[edit]