|Born||May 24, 1826|
|Died||March 5, 1908 (aged 81)|
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance|| United States of America|
|Years of service||1861-1866|
Brevet Brigadier General
|Commands held||9th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent)|
5th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Other work||lawyer, editor, postal worker, author|
Hermann Lieb (a.k.a. Herman Lieb) (May 24, 1826 – March 5, 1908) was a Swiss immigrant to the United States who served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered as the commander of the Union forces at the Battle of Milliken's Bend in 1863.
American Civil War
At the outbreak of the war, he enlisted for ninety days as a private in Company B of the 8th Illinois Infantry. Upon reorganization of the regiment as a three-year unit in July 1861, Lieb was elected captain and the following year was promoted to major. He fought at the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh and the siege of Corinth.
On April 14, 1863 he was appointed colonel of the 9th Louisiana Regiment of African Descent. During the Vicksburg campaign Lieb commanded the post of Milliken's Bend along the Mississippi River. Here, on June 7, 1863, Lieb defeated Confederate forces under General Henry E. McCulloch and was wounded during the fighting. On August 7 his unit was converted into an artillery unit which eventually became the 5th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery. With his regiment he performed garrison duty in the Vicksburg area for the remainder of 1863. On May 6, 1864, he was given command of the artillery forces of the Post of Vicksburg.
After the War
Lieb returned to Illinois where he worked as a newspaper editor, postal worker and author. He died in 1908.
- Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Five Generals from Decatur
- Vicksburg NMP: Battle of Milliken's Bend