Hermenegildo Gutiérrez

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hermenegildo Gutiérrez (Hermenegildo Guterres in Portuguese) (c. 850 – after May 912),[1][2] was a distinguished Galician noble who lived during the 9th and 10th centuries. As the Mayordomo mayor of King Alfonso III, he was an active member of the curia regia. His daughter Elvira, as the first wife of King Ordoño II, was queen consort of León.

Biography[edit]

Count Hermenegildo, the son of count Gutierre and his wife Elvira,[2] appears in medieval documentation starting in 869 — when with his father-in-law, Gatón, count in Astorga and El Bierzo, settled a dispute between the king of Asturias and bishop Mauro[3] — until his last appearance in May 912,[1][2] when he confirmed a donation made by his son-in-law, king Ordoño II, to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. He was one of the most loyal vassals of King Alfonso III, who named him his mayordomo mayor[1] and compensated his efforts and services to the crown with many properties and tenencias.

Hermenegildo played an active role in military operations during the Reconquista. In 878, he defeated the Muslim troops who had attacked Oporto and then Coimbra,[4] repopulating these cities, as well as neighboring Braga, Viseu, and Lamego, with people from Galicia after expelling the Moors.[3][5] His holdings there would pass to his descendants and come to be called the County of Coimbra, which was retaken again in 987 by Almanzor and it was not until 1064 that the city was permanently reconquered by the Christian armies of Ferdinand I of León.

In 895, Hermenegildo defeated and captured the Galician noble Witiza who had taken up arms against the king of Asturias, taking him in chains before the monarch who compensated the count with many of the rebel's estates and tenencias.[6]

Marriage and issue[edit]

He married Ermesenda Gatónez,[4] daughter of count Gatón.[7][2] She was probably a first cousin of King Alfonso since Gatón is believed to have been the brother of Ordoño I, or perhaps of his wife. This marriage gave rise to one of the most prominent noble families in medieval Galicia and in the County of Portugal. The offspring of this marriage were:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 304.
  2. ^ a b c d López Sangil 2002, p. 14.
  3. ^ a b Sáez 1947, p. 15.
  4. ^ a b Mattoso 1981, p. 115.
  5. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, p. 161 , Vol. I.
  6. ^ Sáez 1947, p. 19.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 305.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Mattoso 1981, p. 116.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g López Sangil 2001, p. 146.
  10. ^ a b Mattoso 1981, p. 117.
  11. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p. 306.

Bibliography[edit]

  • López Sangil, José Luis (2001). "La fundación del Monasterio de San Salvador de Cines" (PDF). Anuario Brigantino (in Spanish) (24). Betanzos. pp. 139–156. ISSN 1133-1240. OCLC 402770925.
  • López Sangil, José Luis (2002). La nobleza altomedieval gallega, la familia Froílaz-Traba (in Spanish). La Coruña: Toxosoutos, S.L. ISBN 84-95622-68-8.
  • Martínez Díez, Gonzalo (2005). El Condado de Castilla (711-1038): la historia frente a la leyenda (in Spanish). I. Valladolid. ISBN 84-9718-276-6.
  • Mattoso, José (1981). A nobreza medieval portuguesa, a família e o poder (in Portuguese). Originally published in 1968 in Studium Generale, vol. 12, pp 59-115. Lisbon: Editorial Estampa. OCLC 8242615.
  • Sáez, Emilio (1946). "Notas al Episcopologio Minduniense del Siglo X". Hispania: revista española de Historia (in Spanish). Madrid: CSIC, Instituto Jerónimo Zurita (XXII): 3–79.
  • Sáez, Emilio (1947). "Los ascendientes de San Rosendo: notas para el estudio de la monarquía astur-leonesa durante los siglos IX y X". Hispania: revista española de Historia (in Spanish). Madrid: CSIC, Instituto Jerónimo Zurita (XXX): 139–156. OCLC 682814356.
  • Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León, Margarita Cecilia (1999). Linajes nobiliarios de León y Castilla: Siglos IX-XIII (in Spanish). Salamanca: Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de educación y cultura. ISBN 84-7846-781-5.