Hermit kingdom

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The term hermit kingdom can be used to refer to any country, organization or society which willfully walls itself off, either metaphorically or physically, from the rest of the world - but is particularly associated with Korea.

Korea in the age of Joseon dynasty was the subject of the first use of the term, in William Elliot Griffis' 1882 book Corea: The Hermit Nation,[1][2] and Korea was frequently described as a hermit kingdom until 1905 when it became a protectorate of Japan.[3] The term is still commonplace throughout Korea and it is often used by Koreans themselves to describe pre-modern Korea. Today, the term is often applied to North Korea in news media, and in 2009 it was used by United States former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.[4]

Several other countries reluctant to engage in dialogue with the outside world have also been described as hermit kingdoms, including: Bhutan, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, and the early African civilization of Axum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fischer, David H. Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought. 
  2. ^ Wilson, Myoung Chung. Korean Government Publications: An Introductory Guide. Lantham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2000. 
  3. ^ The Obliteration of the Kingdom of Korea by Stephen Bonsal, The New York Times, July 28, 1907
  4. ^ http://beta.mytelus.com/telusen/portal/NewsChannel.aspx?CatID=World&ArticleID=news/capfeed/world/w022017A.xml