Hermon Atkins MacNeil
|Hermon Atkins MacNeil|
February 27, 1866|
|Died||October 2, 1947(aged 81)|
Standing Liberty Quarter|
Justice, the Guardian of Liberty
Hermon Atkins MacNeil (February 27, 1866 – October 2, 1947) was an American sculptor born in Everett, Massachusetts. He is known for designing the Standing Liberty quarter, and for sculpting Justice, the Guardian of Liberty on the east pediment of the United States Supreme Court building.
MacNeil graduated from Massachusetts Normal Art School, now Massachusetts College of Art and Design, in 1886, became an instructor in industrial art at Cornell University from 1886 to 1889, and was then a pupil of Henri M. Chapu and Alexandre Falguière in Paris. Returning to America, he aided Philip Martiny (1858–1927) in the preparation of sketch models for the World's Columbian Exposition, and in 1896 he won the Rinehart scholarship, passing four years (1896–1900) in Rome.
In 1906 he became a National Academician. His first important work was The Moqui Runner, which was followed by A Primitive Chant, and The Sun Vow, all figures of the North American Indian. Several of his earlier American Indian sculptures served as the inspiration for his later contribution to the long running Society of Medalists, Hopi Prayer for Rain. Fountain of Liberty, for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, and other Indian themes came later; his Agnese and his Beatrice, which are two fine busts of women, and his nude statuettes, which echo his time spent in Rome and Paris, also deserve mention. One of his principal works is the William McKinley Monument sculpture in Columbus, Ohio, in honor of President William McKinley. In 1909 he won in competition a commission for a large soldiers' and sailors' monument in Albany, New York.
Perhaps his best known work is as the designer of the Standing Liberty quarter, which was minted from 1916 to 1930, and carries his initial to the right of the date.
He also made Justice, the Guardian of Liberty on the east pediment of the United States Supreme Court building.
Jacques Marquette bas-reliefs (1894), Marquette Building, Chicago, Illinois.
Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1909–1912), Washington Park, Albany, New York.
Washington as Commander-in-Chief, Accompanied by Fame and Valor (1914–1916), Washington Square Arch, Washington Square Park, New York City.
Intellectual Development (1916), Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
Civil War Sailors' Monument (1921), Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
George Rogers Clark (1934), George Rogers Clark Memorial, Vincennes, Indiana.
Justice, the Guardian of Liberty (1935), East Pediment, United States Supreme Court building, Washington, D.C.
- Student Academic Records, Archives of Massachusetts College of Art and Design
- "Hermon Atkins MacNeil". Fine Art May 2007. Rago Arts and Auction Center. Archived from the original on 2011-07-15.
- ‘’Exhibition of Models for a Monument to the Pioneer Woman’’ at the Chicago Architectural Exhibition, East Galleries, Art Institute of Chicago, June 25 to August 1, 1927
- Leininger, Dan. "MacNeil's Sculpture of Ezra Cornell". Hermon A. MacNeil: American Sculptor. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
- Holden, Jean Stansbury (October 1907). "The Sculptors MacNeil". The World's Work: A History of Our Time. XIV: 9403–9419. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Macneil, Hermon Atkins". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 265.
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