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Queen consort of Egypt
Possibly Tomb 3507 in Saqqara
SpousePharaoh Djer or Anedjib
Full name
Dynasty1st dynasty of Egypt
ReligionAncient Egyptian religion
Herneith [1]
in hieroglyphs

Herneith was a Queen consort of ancient Egypt. She lived during the 1st dynasty. The name Herneith means "The face of Neith".


In the tomb of Herneith in Saqqara her name is found scratched on a vase, while in Abydos the name is found written together with the name of Djer.[2] However, the interpretation of their names written together remains controversial and it is not even certain that Herneith refers to a woman, and thus to a queen.


It is not known who Herneith's parents were. She is thought to be a queen of Djer but there is no conclusive evidence. Tyldesley suggests Herneith as a possible mother of Den, but it is more commonly thought that Merneith was his mother.[1][3]

Grajetzki mentions that even though Herneith is known from her tomb in Saqqara and her name is found together with signs that may refer to her role as a queen, confidently interpreting this information has proven difficult. If the interpretations are correct, Herneith may have held the titles of "The First One" and "Consort of the Two Lords".[4]

A large tomb in Saqqara (tomb S3507) is thought to belong to Herneith. Inscriptions on vases found in the tomb mention King Djer, King Den and King Qa'a. The tomb is a mudbrick mastaba. However, a pyramid-like mound was found within the structure, covered with brick. This combination of mastaba and grave mound represents a combination of Northern (mastaba) and Southern (grave mound) tomb architecture.[1]


  • Walter B. Emery: Great Tombs of the First Dynasty III. London 1958, S. 73–97.


  1. ^ a b c J. Tyldesley, Chronicle of the Queens of Egypt, 2006, Thames & Hudson
  2. ^ Emery: Great Tombs III , page 94
  3. ^ Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, 2004, ISBN 0-500-05128-3
  4. ^ Grajetski Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary Golden House Publications, pg. 2