Order of Heroic Exemplar

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Order of Heroic Exemplar
Simplified Chinese 英雄模范勋章
First Class
Second Class
Different classes of the Order of Heroic Exemplar

The Order of the Heroic Exemplar (Chinese: 英雄模范勋章) is the highest military decoration awarded by the Government of the People's Republic of China, and was named Heroic Exemplar Medal (Chinese: 英雄模范奖章) before 2011.[1][2] The person who gained the award is called Heroic Exemplar (Chinese: 英模).

History[edit]

The Heroic Exemplar Medal, along with the Meritorious Service Medal, was first created in April 1951 by the Chinese People's Volunteer Army political director Du Ping in an effort to promote the unity of the Chinese armed forces during the Korean War.[3] The medal was conceived so that the common soldiers would follow the examples set by a few selected role models.[3] When the medal was first created, it was composed of three categories — second, first and special class.[3] The special class was later eliminated when the Chinese People's Liberation Army's (PLA) medal system was formalized in 1988.[1] In 2011, the name of the award changed into Order of Heroic Exemplar.[4]

Criteria and selection process[edit]

According to the initial award criteria published in 1951, the medal was awarded to those "who have owned two medals of third or second class or one of the first grade [Meritorious Service] award, who are most outstanding at an army or army corps level,[5] and whose remarkable contribution are also recognized by friendly units."[6]

A candidate for the medal would normally be nominated by the deputy political officer of a company, while all squads within the company were required to meet once a month to list each soldier's accomplishments for the selection process.[7] Once nominated, the PLA General Political Department or the candidate's military region political department would be responsible for approving the nomination.[2]

Reward and regulation[edit]

Once the nomination is approved, the recipient would be treated with a grand prize-giving ceremony that is intended to educate the entire PLA or the recipient's military region.[2][8] Besides the medal, the recipient also receives a ribbon bar and a certificate from the PLA General Political Department.[1] According to the 1988 regulation, the medal must be worn on the upper left side of the recipient's uniform. The regulation also decreed that the medal itself can only be worn during special meetings and celebrations, while the ribbon bars are allowed in daily functions.[1]

Recipient[edit]

First Class Order of Heroic Exemplar[edit]

From the rename of the award in 2011, to the end of December 2016, a total of 14 people have received the First Class Order of Heroic Exemplar, including 2 general officers, 7 field and junior grade officers, and 1 private. Of the 14 recipients, 4 of them are posthumously awarded.

No. Name Unit Post and Rank when Decorated Date Sovereign Notability Note
1 Xu Jianping
徐建平
PLAAF Former Deputy Minister of Equipment Department, XXth Aviation Division
Technical Professional Senior Colonel
Dec. 2011 Hu Jintao Model Aircraft Crew Officer
模范机务干部
Posthumously Awarded
2 He Min
何敏
Lanzhou Military Region Director of Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 4th Hospital of PLA
Non-rank Civilian
Dec. 2011 Hu Jintao Model Surgeon of Plateau Areas
高原模范军医
Civilian Cadres
3 Yan Gaohong
严高鸿
GPD Former Chief Editor of Research Department Journal, Nanjing Political College, Professor
Non-rank Civilian
May 2012 Hu Jintao Model Theorist
模范理论工作者
Civilian Cadres,
Posthumously Awarded
4 Liu Wang
刘旺
GAD Astronaut
Senior Colonel
Oct. 2012 Hu Jintao Heroic Astronaut
英雄航天员
Shenzhou 9
5 Liu Yang
刘洋
GAD Astronaut
Major
Oct. 2012 Hu Jintao Heroic Astronaut
英雄航天员
Shenzhou 9
6 Lin Junde
林俊德
GAD Former Researcher, Xinjiang Malan Nuclear Test Base
Technical Professional Major General
Jan. 2013 Xi Jinping Distinguished Scientist
Devoted to the cause of National Defense Technology
献身国防科技事业杰出科学家
Posthumously Awarded
7 Zhang Xiaoguang
张晓光
GAD Astronaut
Senior Colonel
Jul. 2013 Xi Jinping Heroic Astronaut
英雄航天员
Shenzhou 10
8 Wang Yaping
王亚平
GAD Astronaut
Major
Jul. 2013 Xi Jinping Heroic Astronaut
英雄航天员
Shenzhou 10
9 Jia Yuanyou
贾元友
Beijing Military Region Squad Leader of 3rd Platoon, 6th Tk Co, XXth Mechanised Infantry Regiment, 38th Group Army
Chief Sergeant Class 4
Aug. 2013 Xi Jinping Armored Elite
铁甲精兵
10 Li Suzhi
李素芝
Chengdu Military Region Administrator of General Hospital of Tibet Military Area Command
Technical Professional Major General
Aug. 2013 Xi Jinping Great Surgeon of Snow-covered Plateau
雪域高原好军医
11 Dai Mingmeng
戴明盟
PLAN Deputy Commander of XXth Naval Aviation Troop
Senior Captain
Aug. 2013 Xi Jinping Heroic Test Pilot of Aircraft Carrier Fighter
航母战斗机英雄试飞员
12 Tan Qingquan
谭清泉
SAC Senior Engineer of 42nd Unit, Troop 96315
Senior Colonel
Aug. 2013 Xi Jinping Sword Pioneer
砺剑先锋
13 Zhang Chao
张超
PLAN Pilot of XXth Naval Aviation Troop
Lieutenant Commander
Nov. 2016 Xi Jinping Pioneer Chasing Dreams in Sea and Sky for Strengthening the Military
逐梦海天的强军先锋
Posthumously Awarded
14 Chen Dong
陈冬
EDD Astronaut
Colonel
Dec. 2016 Xi Jinping Heroic Astronaut
英雄航天员
Shenzhou 11

Second Class Order of Heroic Exemplar[edit]

Not all individuals who received the Second Class Order of Heroic Exemplar were reported in the public media.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 80th Anniversary of the Birth of the Armed Forces: Introduction to Service and Award Medals (建军80周年:勋章、奖章 闪耀在军人胸前的荣耀) (in Chinese), Beijing, China: Xinhua, 2007-07-05, retrieved 2010-10-06 
  2. ^ a b c People's Liberation Army Discipline Regulations Chapter Two: Awards (中国人民解放军纪律条令第二章:奖励) (in Chinese), Beijing, China: Xinhua, 2002-03-23, retrieved 2010-10-06 
  3. ^ a b c Zhang 1995, p. 197.
  4. ^ 解放军启用新式勋章
  5. ^ In Chinese military nomenclature, the term "Army" (军) means Corps, while the term "Army Corps" (兵团) means Army.
  6. ^ Zhang 1995, p. 198.
  7. ^ Zhang 1995, pp. 197–198.
  8. ^ Zhang 1995, pp. 198, 199.

Sources[edit]

  • Zhang, Shu Guang (1995), Mao's Military Romanticism: China and the Korean War, 1950-1953, Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, ISBN 0-7006-0723-4