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Herod is a name used by several kings belonging to the Herodian Dynasty of the Roman province of Judaea:

First generation – the founder of the dynasty
  • Herod the Great (born c. 74, ruled 37–4 BC), client king of Judea who rebuilt the Second Temple (in Jerusalem)
Second generation – the sons of Herod the Great
  • Herod Archelaus (born 23 BC, ruled 4 BC–c. AD 18), ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea
  • Herod Antipas (born 21 BC, ruled 4 BC–AD 39),[1] tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea. In the New Testament as "Herod the Tetrarch" or "Herod", who orders the death of John the Baptist and mocks Jesus
  • Philip the Tetrarch or Herod Philip II, (born c. 20 BC, ruled 4 BC–AD 34),[2] tetrarch of Iturea, Trachonitis, and Batanaea
  • Herod II or Herod Philip I (c. 27 BC–33 AD), father of the Salome in Mark 6:21-29; did not rule over any territory
Third generation – the grandsons of Herod the Great
  • Herod Agrippa (born c. 11 BC, ruled AD 41–44), client king of Judaea, called "King Herod" or "Herod" in Acts 12 of the New Testament
  • Herod of Chalcis (died AD 48), also known as Herod II or Herod V, king of Chalcis (r. AD 41–48)
Fourth generation – the great-grandson of Herod the Great
  • Herod Agrippa II (born AD 27, ruled 48–c. 92), ruled Chalcis, then parts of Herod the Great's kingdom; described in Acts of the Apostles as "King Agrippa" before whom Paul the Apostle defended himself


See also[edit]

Phonetically similar term[edit]

  • herred, an administrative area in Denmark and Norway