Herodotus (physician)

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Herodotus was the name of more than one physician in the time of ancient Greece and Rome:

  • A pupil of Athenaeus, or perhaps Agathinus,[1] who belonged to the Pneumatic school.[2] He probably lived towards the end of the 1st century AD, and lived at Rome, where he practised medicine with great success.[1] He wrote some medical works, which are several times quoted by Galen and Oribasius, but of which only some fragments remain.
  • The son of Arieus, a native either of Tarsus or Philadelphia, who was a Pyrrhonist philosopher and physician who probably belonged to the Empiric school of medicine. He was a pupil of Menodotus of Nicomedia, and tutor to Sextus Empiricus, and lived therefore in the 2nd century AD.[3]
  • The physician mentioned by Galen,[4] together with Euryphon, as having recommended human milk in cases of consumption, was probably a different person from either of the preceding, and may have been a contemporary of Euryphon in the 5th century BC.


  1. ^ a b Galen, De Differ. Puls., iv. 11, vol. viii.
  2. ^ Galen, De Simplic. Medica. Temper. ac Facult., i. 29, col. xi.
  3. ^ Suda, Sexstos, Diogenes Laërtius, ix. 116 http://www.classicpersuasion.org/pw/diogenes/dltimon.htm
  4. ^ Galen, De Bon. et Prav. Aliment. Succ., c. 4. vol. vi.; De Meth. Med., vii. 6. vol. x