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Heroes Monument, also known as Heroic Monument (Indonesian:Tugu Pahlawan) is a monument in Surabaya, Indonesia. It is the main symbol of the city, dedicated to the people who died during the Battle of Surabaya on November 10, 1945.
The 10 November Museum is located under the monument. Monument of Heroes, is a landmark monument in the city of Surabaya. This monument is 41.15 meters tall phallus-shaped or inverted spikes. Body-shaped monument arches (Canalures) by 10 arches, and is divided into 11 sections. High, segments, and implies Canalures on 10 November 1945. A historic date, not only for residents of Surabaya, but also for the people of Indonesia. Coordinate: 7.245808 ° S 112.737785 ° East Heroes monument built to commemorate the events of 10 November 1945 at the Battle of Surabaya, where arek-arek Suroboyo joint Allied forces fighting against the Dutch who want to re-colonize Indonesia. Heroes Monument Monument at the center of attention every November 10 to commemorate the events of 1945 when many heroes died in the war of independence.
The warrior monument is located in Tembaan Street. It had built for the agenda of giving high respect to all warriors that had killed during big encounter to fight against ally army being hitchhiked by NICA, which wish to occupy Surabaya in 10 Novembers 1945. It is located in front of luxury Gubenur office. Besides as the big monument as high as 45 foot/feet, for the same purpose, in some famous places as battlefield at that time, have been made a heroic statue like Jayengrono garden (Red Bridge), Plaza Contong, in Tais Nasution street (Sharp-pointed Bamboo), Foreland and in Kombes Pol. M . Duriyat street. The Heroes Monument is a warrior spirit symbol of “"arek-arek Suroboyo"” (Surabaya's People) in faced the colonist. This monument is located in front of East Java Governor Office. As cultural pledge building, this monument located in Pahlawan Street Surabaya and very strategic because resides in the downtown of Surabaya, encircled by the main road; Bubutan Street, Tembaan Street, and Kebon Rojo Street.
Heroes Monument is built in "overturn nail" form, seen have monumental philosophic value. This Heroes Monument have of 40,45 meters height or 45 yards, with diameter under 3,10 meters and diameter to 1,30 meters. At underside of the monument is decorated with ‘"Trisula" engraving pictorial, ‘"Cakra", ‘"Stamba" and ‘"Padma" as fire struggle symbol. The first stone long had done by Ir. Soekarno, the first RI President, who consorted by Surabaya Mayor, Doel Arnowo in 10 Novembers 1951. One year later, the Heroes Monument had opened by Ir. SOEKARNO on 10 Novembers 1952 witnessed by Surabaya Mayor, R. Moestadjab Soemowidigdo, with the location of precise above the ex- building of Raad Van Justitie area or High Hall of Justice in colonization of Dutch, which at occupying of Japan era applied as Kempetai building or Japan military police.
In Japan government, this building is utilized as Japan Kempetai to judge, torture and arrested Indonesia combatants. By then, it was break a Surabaya encounter; this building mastered by Surabaya youngsters and become the center of the struggle. Finally, this building was breakdown because it had hit by ally artillery gunfire. The gateway towards the Heroes Monument area, has built to looks like Bentar Temple, which is then called as Bentar Gateway. Bentar gate have of 4,5 meter height and 1,7 meter width, the gateway faced to south, which is the entrance and exit. From front of side, we can look around eight relieves that depict about the development of Surabaya city. Landing story of Tar-Tar army in Hujung Galuh, the development of Kalimas estuary as the Surabaya genesis.
Sepuluh Nopember Museum built to clarify the existence of Heroes Monument to study the network of 10 November 1945 encounter event in Surabaya. The museum building consisted of 2 floors that is floor 1 applied for 10 statue exhibition bunches symbolized the spirit of Surabaya people struggle and the oration social of Bung TOMO drama and encounter film that show of 10 Novembers 1945 struggle (electronic diorama) and space auditorium in second floor as exhibit weapon space, reproduction of documenter photographs and exhibition of Bung TOMO omission collection. Besides, there are two states diorama spaces that presents eight event that happened around of 10 November 1945 Surabaya encounter, complete with its narration.
- faustino, agus, Heroes Monument.