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|• Alcalde||Jorge Muriel Jiménez (PP)|
|• Total||53,48 km2 (2,065 sq mi)|
|Elevation||254 m (833 ft)|
|• Density||122.03/km2 (316.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Herrera is a Spanish municipality located in the province of Seville, in Andalusia. It has a population of 6526 (2012) and an area of 53,48 km². It's 120 km from the provincial capital, Seville. It has a very privileged position to be in a place of crossroads, located in the geographical center of Andalusia, distando less than an hour from provincial capitals such as Córdoba, Málaga and Seville, and just over an hour from Granada. Its name is derived from the Latin inscriptions of his shield: Populus (village), Natus (born), Ignique (fire), Ferro (and iron).
- 1 Patrimony and monuments
- 2 Revelry
- 3 External links
Patrimony and monuments
Ancient Medicine, Science and Archaeology: This important museum, unique in its kind in Andalusia, has an extensive and valuable collection of tools and materials used since ancient times in medicine and surgery. More than 700 pieces of all kinds dating from the centuries II B.C. and VI A.C. are exposed in a large room. And another significant amount of equipment, tools, medicines, tools, flasks, books, brochures and billboards, etc.. of our more or less recent past. All this due and accurately explained in didactic information panels. In another room, the visitor is interesting collections of fossils, stuffed animals, butterflies, insects, various, etc.. In this room is installed Archaeology section, with abundant ceramic, lithic, bone and metal from all ancient cultures of Andalusia.
Arab Fort of Alhonoz
The meaning of the word Alhonoz apparently is "the last bastion" or "the final frontier". His name first appears in the administrative divisions that made the Arabs, and the first boundary marking conducted between Ecija and Estepa. During the rule of the Emirs, access to Córdoba was flanked, at intervals, mid and small castles that serve as a dwelling and armed patrols defense that catered to the communications security for all its length, keeping these roads free robbers and dangerous people. This is the origin of the Arab fortress Alhonoz would be in communication with the Road of Al-Rasif and other roads that connected Córdoba, Écija and Mediterranean coasts.The Road of Al-Rasif and its ramifications, allowing communication with the Strait Córdoba and continuous contact with Morocco, was the main base of the Emirate relations with the outside world and the best guarantee of their defense, since by they are continually coming African Berbers. When Córdoba lost temporarily control over these roads, could appreciate what it had meant to her greatness and power.This domain transient loss of the Emirate of Córdoba on the roads came with the Spanish-Berber uprising-Hafsún Ben Omar, a native of the region of Iznate, which, to prevent abuse and persecution by the Arab element, adjure of his Christian beliefs and embraced Islam.
In Herrera Iberian remains found, Romans and Arabs.On the outskirts of town, towards Estepa, is called Thermal Set Herrera. It is a large Roman villa which uncovered several marble pools, space heating furnaces seven large-scale mosaics, among which was one with a pugilistic scene. Large amounts of paintings and marble appearing suggest that we are facing one of the best known recreational villas. Other important towns are located in the Arroyo del Padrón, Noriega, Palominas and The Farms of Alonso, the latter of great importance for materials since ancient ghosts. In its vicinity is the river Genil (former Singilis), whose nearest peak lies an Arab fortress. This also explains that one of the Roman inscriptions appeared in the end of Herrera mention Singiliensis pagus or "Genil payment". In total, the municipality of this town has about 90 fields, ranging from the Late Bronze Age to the Arab period.
Church Santiago El Mayor
Church parish founded in 1657, and remodeled in 1780. It highlights its great dome and eighteenth century Baroque altarpiece, in which they worship the image of the holder. In pictures include that of a crucified around 1600, a clothed image of the Virgin of Sorrows School Grenadine eighteenth century, the first carved by Jesus Nazareno Castillo Lastruci Seville, and Risen Christ, by renowned sculptor Francisco Buiza have been acquired by other local fraternities a nice image of the Virgin of Hope, Castle Lastruci work, and a Virgin of the Rosary, from the Convent of the Filipensas, in Écija.
Church La Concepción
The works of construction of the chapel began around 1732. In 1746 and was covered and blessed and Mass officiated in it, and by the end of 1749 has just been completed with the auction of a belfry tower which are placed two bells, known in ancient times, in our people, as the fat and the girl. The work of the chapel was financed by donations from the people of Herrera. Located at Plaza Muñoz Olive, was sacked, as the parish in 1936. It consists of two naves covered by a barrel vault, lunettes and copulitas. The images here are venerated are: Heart of Jesus, Immaculate Virgin of Carmen, Virgen del Pilar, Miraculous Virgin Mary Help of San Jose and Santa Rita, all works in series and uninteresting, except-century Immaculate XVII and was brought to Tineo Antonio Herrera Lara. The font is very simple. In the base reads: Year 1692. It comes from the parish. The chalice used in this church was donated by the Countess of Santa Teresa, Dona Teresa Cepeda Mayor. At the foot of the altar, under its tiled, there is a tombstone with the following inscription: "These two graves are of Don Bartolomé García del Campo and Calderon and Ms. Catherine Muñoz Almagro Montero and Noah and his heirs. Dun Mortui Sint. Requiescant In Pace. 1,748. " Under the little pile of holy water, there is a grave of Dona Isabel Calderon, widow of D. Francisco Lopez Carrillo, who was buried in that place: "that any person who enters, in that church, and scatter my grave step if puediere be holy water. 1,770 Year."In 1929, he was attached to the belfry tower, a clock that was purchased by the City to Valencia Brothers Roses house. It was paid in quarterly installments of 750 pesetas and total price of 6,000 pesetas, being as the first manager Onsolve Fernando Calvo clock. Since the late nineteenth century was within the parish of Santiago another watch that was officially marking the hours Herrera, being as its first manager Bascón Fernando Valdes, who was until 1909, continuing in 1910, Rafael Carmona Muñoz to 1929.
Fireplace of Prograsa
Not too remote in time its construction such as the previous heritage, but it is part of the charisma and personality of the people.Built in 1961, its height exceeds 27 meters and the material with which it was built is indigenous. The bricks were manufactured in the tile factories in the town and the master builder who was involved in its construction was a neighbor of Herrera, Francisco Muñoz Moreno "Curro Gigante". The fireplace was part of an oil mill that ran Ramon Guillén García, who built this factory years ago. It was subsequently acquired by the company "Prograsa", and then transferred to other companies.This factory was very important in the local economy since it came to serve more than 200 people. It is noteworthy that the last stage of working oil was
manufactured in compliance with Kosher style, food prepared according to the requirements of Jewish Law, the manufacturing process being overseen by a rabbi.This building is the symbol of the industrialization of Herrera, and essential to secure the population in the municipality, and that between the years 1949 and 1960 emigrated 3000 herrereños, after the launch of the industry's population stabilizes.Currently, the area in which it is located is popularly called Prograsa and around the fireplace are homes, shops and a park with outdoor activities and entertainment areas.
This village in the province of Seville has always lived in a special way the celebration of Carnival. The extensive schedule allows everyone participating wear their costumes, under the watchful eye of herrereños that focus on the sidewalks, balconies and windows. On the doorstep of the City installed a makeshift walkway where parade participants. End this day with a crowded dance attended by most of the inhabitants of Herrera. Also, a week before the parade with costumes typical of this feast, components "Estudiantina" (troupe of Herrera) have in their songs, many of them with gifts humorous anecdotes that occurred in the town throughout the year and touches of national news.
Day of Andalusia
This day is celebrated throughout Andalusia has a unique way of being celebrated in Herrera. The local residents flock to the Place of Andalusia, there will come to gather about 1700 people participating in this celebration tasting culinary products, beverages and enjoying several musical performances. All related with Herrera and Andalusian.
If you can describe the Semana Santa of Herrera with an adjective, it is that of the uniqueness. This is a Passion Week gathering brings together many influences and so that has become unique, charismatic and native. It kepts the spirit of Passion Bible. Therein lies its uniqueness, as the procession (unlike as happens in many other places) to become a true biblical representation in the street, an example of the performances of "Arrest", "The Sacrifice of Isaac", "Crossing spears "," Three falls ". Formerly represented "The Descent", staging lost in the Brotherhood involved Ntra.Sra. Servite of Sorrows, Las Marias (which originally belonged to that fraternity) and an image holder Servidad Brotherhood articulable a recumbent Christ.
On April 25, the day on which the inhabitants of this town, they move to different spots to enjoy a picnic day. It's time for gazpacho, tortillas, paella and endless culinary delights everyone will taste. Although it may seem strange, being Local Party in honor of San Marcos, procession that day is not any image alluding to that Saint. "Tying the Devil", a tradition that combining two "jaramagos" and symbolizes the expulsion of all evil, is the last act that takes place on this day.
Pilgrimage in honor to Ntra. Sra. Del Rosario de Fátima
The second Sunday in May, is celebrated Pilgrimage in honor of Our Lady of the Rosary of Fatima. From early in the morning a hundred chariots driven to the square of Spain and decorated for the occasion are concentrated in the town square where the Rosary will be recited and Mass subsequently attending Rociera to virtually the entire neighborhood. After the Mass Rociera, where previously the coach has placed the image of Our Lady of the Rosary of Fatima, began its journey to the exhibition of "The Carrizosas", place it where they concentrate about six thousand people. Hundreds of people make the walk way, other uploaded on the floats towed by tractors, horse-drawn carriages, not least from the horsemen and horsewomen who escort few people made pilgrimages aforementioned field. There are also those who come with their own cars laden with delicacies for a long day setting. The arrival of the Virgin to the site is advertised through the ringing of the bells of a chapel that was built years ago for this occasion. Sing, dance, talks, and a varied selection of cuisine: gazpacho majao (traditionally made), other dishes like picadillo, paella or grilled meet all present.
This celebration is the most requested by tourists along with Semana Santa and Fair.
Held in June. Stresses to pass Roldan Street, decorated for the occasion with Catholic paintings.
Verbena de San Juan
Held on the penultimate weekend of June (Friday, Saturday and Sunday) trying to match, if possible, the day of San Juan with any of these. Municipal Park "Luis de la Señá María" is considered one of the best around fairgrounds. His trees, gardens and streets of albero manage to attract the audience. The "Velá de San Juan", formerly held in the town square, with the location of a stand-alone, plus several attractions. Public and private booths welcome to Herrera people enthusiastically enjoying his "Velá de San Juan". Carriages, horses, attractions and performances in the Booth Hall put festive note this evening.
Fair of Herrera
The end of the Fair is always match the second Sunday of August. Thus starting on Wednesday of this week. The Flamenco Festival poster "Pedro de la Timotea" announces the first day of the fair, leading figures of singing and dancing come together in this town. Considered by all who have had the opportunity to visit one of the most prestigious of the Shire, which come herrereños those who had to emigrate and for any reason want to miss the Fair in his hometown. Municipal Park, a venue that has a leafy trees, gardens and streets of albero, invites the showcasing of any event. Over sixty houses, between private and public, are installed to hold Fair of Herrera. The prevailing during the midday heat means no hitch to approach the show and enjoy the atmosphere. A good handmade gazpacho, a typical tapas, a prelude to a delicious meal, provided the audience the satisfaction of enjoying the fair. With the passing of the years, the Fair is gaining in midday splendor. They say those who live more intensely than the atmosphere is totally different: ribbon race horse, gathering, preparing a good meal: for example a good gazpacho made by hand, with local produce, including pure oil olive visit booths where you share the wine of the land, even carefree disregard of the costumes for the occasion, after eating, singing and dancing, a date with sports, Football Trophy "Villa de Herrera" leads to the Municipal Stadium to support our team. There are those who prefer to enjoy a dressage show held it in a room adjacent to the fair. Mackerel, horse riders and cars, decorated for the occasion, walking down Main Street to the fairgrounds, giving more brilliance to the fair during noon. At night, the temperature good for walks, to buy into the positions that have been placed on this occasion, to wander in the various attractions, all before returning to delve into the magic of the Herrera Fair. The first line performances get that both herrereños as people coming from surrounding villages come to the Booth Hall. Young herrereños are proud of the Fair, the booth Youth Delegation stood for them, so you can share your leisure time between this house and the Municipal, get up early the next morning the two houses become a hive of people coming from all over after dinner, and many hours of dancing, herrereños travels to one of the bars where you can have a good chocolate accompanied by a wheel "jeringos" to regain strength. Finally, on Sunday, as in all the fairs, a set of fireworks lights up the sky herrereño
announcing the end of it.
The old town (Barribalto) is the stage for a return to the past where herrereños engage their participation, either by incorporating your business, your welcoming spirit or their desire to have fun during one of the weekends in October Herrera Medieval Market. Around the Parish of Santiago El Mayor and its square, a large number of taverns, inns and populate craft stalls, with their products, the streets allowing visitors to move a few centuries back in time. Among the activities that have been conducted over the years and can be found in the Medieval Market include exhibitions of handicrafts made by local artisans, the parades, the tasting concoctions, crafts workshops, performances by fires and juggling, theater and belly dancing as well as activities for children, such as storytelling or painted faces.