|• Mayor||Rainer Fischer|
|• Total||73.94 km2 (28.55 sq mi)|
|• Density||82/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Herrnhut (Sorbian: Ochranow; Czech: Ochranov) is a municipality in Görlitz district in eastern Saxony, Germany. Perhaps, it is most famous for being the home of Count von Zinzendorf and his Moravian community.
Herrnhut is also the name of the largest town in the municipality.
The municipality borders on, among other municipalities, Oderwitz. It was founded in the early 18th century by German speaking religious exiles from Moravia on the estate of German nobleman Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, after meeting with their leader Christian David, who came from Moravia. It holds a prominent place in Protestant history.
Since 1 January 2013, when Berthelsdorf was incorporated, the municipality contains 11 subdivisions:
- Herrnhut (original town)
- Neundorf auf dem Eigen
According to the Saxon state congress in 1777, Herrnhut contained 76 homes.
In the mid-19th century the population rose above 1,000, and after World War II it reached more than 2,000. Since the 1950s there has been a decline in population, which was compensated for by the incorporation of neighboring municipalities.
Coat of arms
The Herrnhut coat of arms is blue and white, showing the tower of the Altan (the lookout tower) atop the Hutberg hill above the city. The name of Hutberg hill ("Hill of Watching") suggested the name of the Moravian settlement founded by these exiles on the Zinzendorf estate in 1722. Herrn Hut means "the Lord's Watchful care".
Herrnhut has a church and two museums, including a museum of local history. It is the center of the worldwide Moravian Church, the Unitas Fratrum, in German Brüder-Unität or Brüdergemeine. Many European languages have named the Moravian Church movement directly after Herrnhut, for example hernhuutlus in Estonian, herrnhutilaisuus in Finnish, hernhūtieši in Latvian and herrnhutismen in both Norwegian and Swedish.
Its economy is based on church administration, education, tourism and manufacturing, including a 26-pointed star that is often hung in windows and on porches during the Christmas season, which has been produced for over 150 years. It is called the Moravian Advent Star (Herrnhuter Adventsstern).
Vogtshof Herrnhut - seat of the Moravian Church
Herrnhut railway station also functions as an art gallery
Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf statue in Herrnhut
Sons and daughters of the place
- Christian Renatus von Zinzendorf (1727-1752), church writer
- Heinrich August Jäschke (1817-1883), missionary, linguist and orientalist
- Adolf Heinrich Lier (1826-1882), landscape painter
- Hugo Theodor Christoph (1831-1894), entomologist
- Herbert Fischer (1914-2006), Ambassador of the GDR to India
- Martin Clemens (born 1939), Saxon politician (CDU) and former deputy of the Saxon Landtag
- David Gill (civil servant) (born 1966), Chief of the Federal Presidential Office under Joachim Gauck
- "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2015] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016.
- Digitales Historisches Ortsverzeichnis von Sachsen Retrieved 14 April 2012
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Herrnhut.|