|Coalition Provisional Authority Coordinator for Nineveh|
May 2003 – June 2004
|Preceded by||Misha'an al-Juburi|
|Succeeded by||Usama Yousif Kashmula
|Alma mater||Georgetown University
Early life and education
Mustafa was born in Arbil, Iraq, in the Kurdistan region, to a Kurdish family and spent two years of her childhood in a refugee camp. Her family sought asylum in the United States in 1976. Her father was a Kurdish political activist and an opponent of the regime of Saddam Hussein. The family was taken in by Zion Lutheran Church at Minot, North Dakota in 1976.
Mustafa graduated from Minot High School in 1991 and earned her undergraduate degree from the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in 1995 where she studied national security and the Middle East. She also received a master's degree in international relations from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.
After graduation, she directed a non-governmental organization for Kurdish studies in the U.S., traveled to Bosnia to supervise provincial elections and served as the Senior Editor for the Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Mustafa joined the United States Foreign Service in 1999 and served in Athens (as a Political Officer for human rights and trafficking), Beirut (as a consular official), Washington, D.C. (as Iran desk officer at the National Security Council under Elliot Abrams, and special assistant to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs William Joseph Burns, and Iraq (as Coalition Provisional Authority coordinator for Nineveh under L. Paul Bremer).
- "4 Days Left to Register for the Foreign Service Written Exam." United States Department of State, Office of the Spokesman. 11 March 2003.
- "Staples, David. "Refugee Finds Her Niche from the American Heartland to the Iraqi Homeland." State Magazine July/August 2004. United States Department of State, p. 9-10.
- "North Dakota Filmmakers feature Condoleezza Rice in documentary project." Communications Corps.
- Rosen, Steve. "Herro Mustafa appointed Biden's Mideast adviser." Obama Mideast Monitor, Middle East Forum. 22 March 2009.
- "Herro Mustafa MPA '97 of NSC keynote at WWS grad orientation." Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs 2005.
- Rozen, Laura. "More names: OVP, DoD." "The Cable" blog, Foreign Policy 21 March 2009.