Hertford East branch line

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Hertford East branch line
Type Heavy rail, Commuter rail
System National Rail
Status Operational
Locale East of England
Termini Broxbourne
Hertford East
Stations 4
Opened 1843
Owner Network Rail
Operator(s) Abellio Greater Anglia
Depot(s) Ilford
Rolling stock British Rail Class 317
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV 50hz AC OHLE

Hertford East Branch Line
Hertford Loop Line
to ECML and Stevenage
Hertford North
Hertford and Welwyn Jn Rly
to ECML and Hatfield
Hertford Loop Line
to ECML and King's Cross
Hertford Cowbridge
24-19 Hertford East
Kingsmead Viaduct
New River
22-16 Ware
Buntingford Branch Line
to Buntingford
20-25 St Margarets
18-71 Rye House
West Anglia Main Line
to Cambridge
17-17 Broxbourne
West Anglia Main Line
to London Liverpool Street

The Hertford East branch line is a railway line in Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom, running between Hertford and Broxbourne. The line follows the route of the Lea Valley, serving intermediate towns and villages. It branches off the West Anglia Main Line[1] north of Broxbourne, and could be seen as part of the Lea Valley lines—a collection of commuter routes into London.


In June 1841 the Northern and Eastern Railway (N&ER) were given parliamentary assent to construct a branch from Broxbourne to Hertford. Work on the line began early in 1843 and the branch (and all stations on it) was opened as a single track on 31 October of that year. Operation by the N&ER was short lived as they had already agreed that the Eastern Counties Railway would lease their lines (then from Stratford to Bishops Stortford as well as the Hertford East branch). The line was doubled in October 1846.[2]

The original Hertford station was opened in 1843. It was situated to avoid two nearby schools, but later it was closed and in 1888 Hertford East station was opened further west and closer to the town centre. Another station existed in 1858 on the line from Hatfield, but this closed as soon as Hertford North station opened in 1924.[3]

Part of the Hertford East branch was used for the Buntingford Branch Railway, or "The Bunt", a railway which ran from Buntingford to London from 1863 to 1964. The Buntingford Railway split off this line just to the North of St Margarets station.[4]

Route and services[edit]

The line curves away from Broxbourne to the left and heads towards Hertford. For most of its length, it is bounded by the New River on its left and the River Lea and Lee Navigation on its right when looking at it from east to west.

Towns and villages served are:

The line is part of the Network Rail Strategic Route 5, SRS 05.03 and is classified as a London and South East Commuter line.[5]

There are currently two trains an hour on this line serving all stations.[1] Future plans for this line see the lengthening of platforms to facilitate longer trains and create extra capacity on the line. Services on this line are currently operated by Abellio Greater Anglia using Class 317 units with either 4 or 8 coaches.

Passenger volume[edit]

Below is the passenger usage from the year beginning April 2002 to the year beginning April 2010.[6]


The line is double track throughout except for a small section through Ware where it is single track. It is electrified at 25 kV AC using overhead line equipment, and has a loading gauge of W6[5]

Proposed developments[edit]

Some options of the proposed East West Rail Link involve reopening a route between Hertford East station and Hertford North station. Options also propose building a chord near Rye House station to allow rail traffic to head north on the West Anglia Main Line.[7]


  1. ^ a b "Route Plans 2007 Route 5 West Anglia" (PDF). Network Rail. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  2. ^ Bradley, Richard (July 2013). "Significant events in the life of the Northern and Eastern Railway". Great Eastern Railway Society Journal. 155: 17. 
  3. ^ "Hertford and the Railway". Discover Hertford. 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  4. ^ "The Buntingford Railway & Local History Society". Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  5. ^ a b "Route 5 – West Anglia" (PDF). Network Rail. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  6. ^ "Station Usage". Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  7. ^ "East West Rail Central Section – Operating Case Discussion Paper" (PDF). 09-02-09. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-09. Retrieved 2009-05-10.  Check date values in: |date= (help)