View of Hertník from the nearby Štembroch hill.
|Elevation||463 m (1,519 ft)|
|Area||17.975 km2 (6.94 sq mi)|
|Population||1,025 (31 December 2006)|
|Density||57 / km2 (148 / sq mi)|
|Mayor||Ing. Václav Kunec|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||086 42|
|Statistics: MOŠ/MIS (as of 31 December 2006)|
Hertník originated around 1300 and is associated with the Mongol invasion of Europe of 1241–1242. Following the invasion, Béla IV of Hungary donated his estates to his patricians. The noblemen of the northern Šariš region initiated resettlement of plundered and decimated areas (some regions experienced 50% loss of the original population) by inviting German colonists. The incoming Germans (mostly from the Baltic Sea area) were usually craftsmen, traders and miners. The arriving Germans settled in or immediately next to the older Slovak settlements. The legacy of German colonization from that era in the eastern Čergov mountains is manifested in German names of the settlements and other geographical features that have survived to the present time. Etymologically, the name Hertník is derived from the German word Herkenecht (meaning master servant); likewise, nearby villages Šiba (Scheibe), Richvald (Reichwald) and Kľušov (Schonwald).
The oldest recorded mention of the village Hertník is from 1351 and can be found in the statement issued by Spišská Kapitula (one of the medieval Hungary's "places of authentication") which confirms that Hertník belonged to the Lords of Perín (Perényi, a noble Hungarian family). Mikuláš from Perín reconfirmed this claim later in a statement issued in 1355 where he declared that Hertník, Šiba, Richvald and Kľušov were in the possession of the Perín family since 1325. Hertník belonged to the Perins until around 1440 when a free royal town of Bardejov became a new owner. In 1442 a Richnava’s Bratrík captain Ján Talafúz seized Hertník and other villages from Bardejov. However, in 1446 Hertník was repossessed by Bardejov (the church of Saint Aegidius).
During the following decades (~1480–1553) Hertník changed several owners (János Szapolyai, Ferdinand I, Bernard Baran, Hieronym Lasky and Matej Lobocký). From 1553 until the abolishment of serfdom by Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor in 1781 Hertník belonged for the most part to the Forgách (Forgáč, Forgács) family.
The municipality lies at an altitude of 460 metres and covers an area of 17.975 km². It has a population of about 1000 people.
- "Urban and Municipal Statistics, Selected statistical information of Hertník". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 1 August 2008.[dead link]
- František Oslanský (1996). "The Role of John Jiskra in the history of Slovakia" (PDF). Human Affairs. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
- Pataky, Ján; František Gutek; Jozef Petrovič; Marek Oleś (2004). Hertník a okolie. Uście Gorlickie. Obecný Úrad v Hertníku. ISBN 80-969136-4-6.
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Presov, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1856-1897 (parish A)
- Greek Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1800-1895 (parish B)
- Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1703-1895 (parish B)
- Surnames of living people in Hertnik