17 April 1911|
17 February 1996 (aged 84)|
|Education||University of Paris|
Bazin, born Jean-Pierre Hervé-Bazin in Angers, Maine-et-Loire, France came from a high-bourgeois Catholic family. He was the great-nephew of the writer René Bazin. Bazin had a difficult childhood. His father was a magistrate who with his wife had been sent to China to take up a diplomatic post. Hervé and his brother were brought up in the ancestral home, the chateau of Le Patys, by their grandmother. When she died, his mother returned from Hanoi with reluctance. She sent Bazin to a variety of clerical establishments which could not control him and then to the military academy, the Prytanée de la Fleche, from which he was expelled as incompetent. He opposed his authoritarian mother, ran away several times during his teens, and refused Catholic teachings. At the age of 20 he broke up with his family.
Leaving his home for Paris, he took a degree in literature at the Sorbonne. During fifteen years of writing poetry with little success, Bazin worked in lots of small jobs. Notable work of this period included founding a poetic review, la Coquille (The Shell, only eight volumes), named after the medieval poet-beggars, the coquillards of Villon's days, and "À la poursuite d'Iris" in 1948. He won the 1947 Prix Apollinaire for Jour, his first book of poetry.
Childhood conflicts with his mother inspired the novel Viper in the Fist in 1948. The novel portrays the hatred between a mother nicknamed Folcoche (from the French "folle" (crazy) and "cochonne" (pig) and her children, including the narrator Jean Rezeau, called "Brasse-bouillon". Maurice Nadeau described the novel as "Atrides in duffle-coat". The book was immensely successful in postwar France, and was followed by La Mort du Petit Cheval and Le Cri de la Chouette to create a trilogy. In other works, Bazin returned to the theme of the family. In addition to novels, he also wrote short stories and essays.
Bazin became a member of the Académie Goncourt in 1958, replacing Francis Carco. He became its president in 1973, and was replaced, after his death, by Jorge Semprún, while the presidency was given to François Nourissier.
Politically, Bazin belonged to the Mouvement de la Paix, in relation with the communist party of which he was a sympathizer. He obtained the Lenin Peace Prize in 1979. This made Roger Peyrefitte say jokingly: "Hervé Bazin had two prizes which fitted each other: the Lenin Peace Prize and the black humour prize."
Due to a juridical imbroglio, the six children of his first marriages obtained, against the will of his last spouse and last son, the auction of the archive at the Hôtel Drouot on 29 October 2004. With help from the district's authorities, the university library of Angers managed to preempt almost the whole of the estate, meaning 22 manuscripts and about 9000 letters which were made available to the research community, as the author wished.
Orthography and Punctuation
In his 1966 essay Plumons l’Oiseau ("Let's pluck the bird"): Bazin proposed a nearly phonemic orthography for the French language called "l’ortografiǝ lojikǝ" (logical orthography). In doing this, he proposed six new "points d’intonation" (punctuation marks):
|Standard orthography||Ortografiǝ lojikǝ|
J’aime, dit l’amant,
|French literary history|
- Jour, poems, 1947
- A la poursuite d'Iris, poems, 1948
- Vipère au poing (Viper in the Fist), autobiographical novel, 1948
- La Tête contre les murs, novel, publié en 1949
- La Mort du petit cheval, autobiographical novel, 1950 [note 1]
- Le bureau des mariages, short stories, 1951
- Lève-toi et marche, novel, 1952
- Humeurs, poems, 1953
- Contre vents et marées, 1953
- L'Huile sur le feu, novel, 1954
- Qui j'ose aimer, novel, 1956
- La fin des asiles, essay, 1959
- Au nom du fils, novel, 1960
- Chapeau bas, short stories, 1963 : Chapeau bas, Bouc émissaire, La hotte, M. le conseiller du coeur, Souvenirs d'un amnésique, Mansarde à louer, La Clope
- Plumons l'oiseau, essay, 1966
- Le Matrimoine, novel, 1967
- Les bienheureux de La Désolation, account, 1970 [note 2]
- Le Cri de la chouette, autobiographical novel, 1972[note 3]
- Madame Ex, novel, 1975
- Traits, 1976
- Ce que je crois, 1977
- Un feu dévore un autre feu, 1978
- L'Église verte, novel, 1981
- Qui est le prince?, 1981
- Abécédaire, 1984
- Le Démon de minuit, 1988
- L'École des pères, novel, 1991
- Le grand méchant doux, 1992
- Le Neuvième jour, 1994
- Sequel to "Vipère au poing"
- The story of the total population evacuation of the island of Tristan da Cunha (also known as "La Désolation") following the 1961 volcanic eruption, their refusal of the consumerist society of England, where they had been resettled, and their iron will to come back to their island and repopulate one of the hardest places to live in the world, and live according to their own ideal. Published in English as Tristan: A Novel.
- A sequel to "Vipère au poing" and "La mort du petit cheval"
- "Hervé Bazin". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
- Kirkup, James (23 February 1996). "Obituary: Herve Bazin". The Independent. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
- Bazin, Hervé (1966), Plumons l’oiseau, Paris (France): Éditions Bernard Grasset, p. 142
- Yevstifeyev, Mykyta; Pentzlin, Karl (February 28, 2012). "Revised preliminary proposal to encode six punctuation characters introduced by Hervé Bazin in the UCS" (PDF). DKUUG (Dansk Unix User Group). Retrieved 2013-01-23.
- Crezo, Adrienne (October 5, 2012). "13 Little-Known Punctuation Marks We Should Be Using". Mental Floss. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
- Bazin, Hervé (1966), Plumons l’oiseau, Paris (France): Éditions Bernard Grasset, p. 192/190
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Jean-Louis de Rambures, "Comment travaillent les écrivains", Paris 1978 (interview with Hervé Bazin, in French)