Hervey Bay

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Hervey Bay
Queensland
Hbay.JPG
Torquay Beach, Hervey Bay
Hervey Bay is located in Queensland
Hervey Bay
Hervey Bay
Coordinates25°17′7″S 152°52′22″E / 25.28528°S 152.87278°E / -25.28528; 152.87278Coordinates: 25°17′7″S 152°52′22″E / 25.28528°S 152.87278°E / -25.28528; 152.87278
Population54,674 (2018)[1] (27th)
 • Density586.6/km2 (1,519.4/sq mi)
Area93.2 km2 (36.0 sq mi)[2] (2011 urban)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10)
Location
LGA(s)Fraser Coast Region
RegionWide Bay-Burnett
State electorate(s)Hervey Bay
Federal Division(s)Hinkler
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.2 °C
79 °F
16.6 °C
62 °F
1,061.6 mm
41.8 in

Hervey Bay (/ˈhɑːrvi/) is a bay and a city in the Fraser Coast Region of Queensland, Australia.[3][4] The city is situated approximately 290 kilometres (180 mi) or 3½ hours' highway drive north of the state capital, Brisbane. It is a natural bay open to the Coral Sea between the Queensland mainland and nearby Fraser Island. The local economy relies on tourism which is based primarily around whale watching in Platypus Bay to the north, ferry access to Fraser Island, accessible recreational fishing and boating and the natural north facing, calm beaches with wide undeveloped foreshore zones.

As at June 2018, there were 54,674[1] people in Hervey Bay, having grown by an annual average of 1.31% year-on-year over the preceding five years.[1]

History[edit]

The indigenous Batjala people including the Kabi Kabi are the traditional residents of Hervey Bay. (Batjala means Bat-No and Jala-tongu. This would mean they were shy people who did not communicate with people outside of their family group.) The first recorded European sighting of Hervey Bay was made by James Cook while carrying out his running survey of the east coast of Australia, on 22 May 1770. By noon Cook's ship was in a position a little over half-way across the opening of Hervey Bay heading for Bundaberg. When Cook first discovered Hervey Bay, he did not realize that Fraser Island was separated from mainland Australia; Cook did not travel far enough south due to the shallow depths of the waters in the Bay.[5] Cook named the bay "Hervey's Bay" after Augustus John Hervey (1724–1779), later Third Earl of Bristol, a naval officer who became a Lord of the Admiralty the year Endeavour returned.[6]

Until around the mid-1980s the area was serviced by a rail link from the main North Coast line that diverted from Aldershot and went through Takura, Walligan, Nikenbah then on to Pialba and Urangan. The line was a major freight point for the Port of Maryborough and for the sugar cane industry until road transport assumed the role.

In 1984, Hervey Bay was officially known as the "City of Hervey Bay". It was known as a city because of its large growth in business, population, tourism and industry. Although it was now being known as a city, it still remained a small seaside village to most of the local residents.

The Hervey Bay Library opened in 1997 and had a major refurbishment in 2014.[7]

Heritage listings[edit]

Hervey Bay has a number of heritage-listed sites. Fraser Island is listed on the World Heritage List.[8] The Woody Island Lighthouses are listed on the Queensland Heritage Register.[9]

Transport[edit]

The Esplanade, leading to Urangan from Hervey Bay
Urangan Seawall and Urangan Pier in the background
On the beach Hervey Bay looking towards Torquay

Hervey Bay is situated approximately 3½ hours' drive north of Brisbane, via the Bruce Highway and 30 minutes' drive north-east of Maryborough. The city is also served by the high-speed Tilt Train, which has connections from Maryborough West or nearby Howard. The city is served by the Hervey Bay Airport, with direct flights from Brisbane (QantasLink) and Sydney (Virgin Australia). The City of Hervey Bay (now the Fraser Coast Region) has released an airport master plan which includes future provision of a taxiway parallel to the main runway, additional car parking and a larger terminal. The city is also served by passenger ferry to Fraser Island, as well as both scheduled and unscheduled vehicular ferries.

Railway[edit]

Despite Hervey Bay's growing popularity, no plans have been made for a new railway line to the city. The previous passenger and freight line branched off the North Coast main line at Colton, just north of Maryborough. Trains stopped at many stations along the line, but the main stations were Pialba and Urangan. The railway then extended along the Urangan Pier. The line carried out pineapples and local goods from the city. The line was closed in 1993. The tracks from Nikenbah to Urangan were removed and the Pialba – Urangan line was converted into a mobility corridor.[10] Traces of the railway line are still visible in Urangan. There are two semi-removed crossings (Everything but the tracks was removed) near the end of Pier Street and the track's ballast is still slightly visible from where the mobility corridor ends.

Governance[edit]

Hervey Bay is the largest population centre within the Fraser Coast Region. The current mayor of the Fraser Coast Regional Council is George Seymour elected in a by-election held in May 2018.[11] A total of ten Councillors are elected every four years.

The Electoral district of Hervey Bay has Queensland's second highest share of residents aged over 60.[12]

Hervey Bay is represented in the Parliament of Queensland by LNP member Ted Sorensen, who defeated Labor's Andrew McNamara in the 2009 Queensland state elections, and in the Commonwealth Parliament by the Nationals member for Hinkler, Keith Pitt.[13]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2016 Census, there were 52,073 people in Hervey Bay.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 4.0% of the population.
  • The median age of people was 48 years, ten years older than the national median age.
  • 74.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 5.9%, New Zealand 3.5%, Germany 0.8%, Scotland 0.6% and Philippines 0.6%.
  • 88.4% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included German 0.5%, French 0.2%, Mandarin 0.2%, Dutch 0.2% and Italian 0.2%.
  • The most common responses for religion were No Religion 28.0%, Anglican 20.5% and Catholic 18.9%.[14]

Climate[edit]

Hervey Bay has a mild climate with an average 30 °C (86 °F) in summer and 22 °C (72 °F) in winter. The coast is predominantly affected by the south east trade winds throughout the summer with occasional strong northerly winds and storm swells. These winds keep the temperatures down in summer and up in winter, preventing temperature extremes. As a result, Hervey Bay rarely experiences temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) in summer or under 5 °C (41 °F) in winter.

Tropical cyclones are a threat at times with Cyclone Hamish threatening in 2009 as a Category 5. The land mass of Fraser Island significantly affects the pattern of weather in Hervey Bay and protects the immediate marine environment from open ocean storm effects. Cyclone Oswald in 2013 caused significant damage in the area, mainly as a result of tornadoes spawned by the system. The average rainfall for the year is around 1,100 millimetres (43 in). December to March is the main rainy period, with a secondary peak in May and June. The months of April and from July to November are generally dry and sunny.

Climate data for Hervey Bay Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
34.7
(94.5)
33.7
(92.7)
31.1
(88.0)
29.6
(85.3)
27.6
(81.7)
26.1
(79.0)
28.4
(83.1)
30.1
(86.2)
33.0
(91.4)
33.8
(92.8)
36.8
(98.2)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
30.0
(86.0)
28.9
(84.0)
26.9
(80.4)
24.1
(75.4)
21.8
(71.2)
21.6
(70.9)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
26.4
(79.5)
27.9
(82.2)
29.3
(84.7)
26.2
(79.2)
Average low °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
20.5
(68.9)
17.9
(64.2)
14.0
(57.2)
11.8
(53.2)
9.9
(49.8)
10.5
(50.9)
14.2
(57.6)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
21.1
(70.0)
16.7
(62.1)
Record low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.6
(61.9)
15.6
(60.1)
7.0
(44.6)
4.0
(39.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
2.9
(37.2)
6.8
(44.2)
9.1
(48.4)
13.4
(56.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 160.3
(6.31)
153.1
(6.03)
131.7
(5.19)
71.7
(2.82)
97.6
(3.84)
87.5
(3.44)
49.5
(1.95)
55.0
(2.17)
38.2
(1.50)
69.0
(2.72)
66.1
(2.60)
147.1
(5.79)
1,126.8
(44.36)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 12.7 12.9 17.2 16.1 17.1 16.3 12.5 8.5 8.5 7.9 10.5 11.4 151.6
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 61 64 62 62 59 63 55 54 58 60 59 61 60
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[15]

Localities[edit]

Hervey Bay
Whale watching tours centre in Hervey Bay Marina
Giant whale sculpture at Hervey Bay

Hervey Bay began as a dispersed community spread over numerous small, seaside villages. As the area grew, these communities amalgamated and became suburbs of the new city. The current city includes the following settlements:[citation needed]

Townships outside the Hervey Bay city limits include:[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Hervey Bay has 14 schools.[16]

Pre Primary Secondary
Public
  • Kawungan State School
  • Urangan Point State School
  • Yarrilee State School
  • Kawungan State School [17]
  • Urangan Point State School [18]
  • Yarrilee State School [19]
  • Pialba State School [20]
  • Sandy Strait State School [21]
  • Torquay State School [22]
  • Hervey Bay State High School [23]
  • Urangan State High School [24]
  • Carinity Education - Glendyne Education and Training Centre [25]
Private
  • Fraser Coast Anglican College
  • Xavier Catholic College
  • St. James Lutheran College
  • Star of the Sea Primary School [26]
  • Fraser Coast Anglican College
  • Xavier Catholic College
  • St. James Lutheran College
  • Bayside Christian College
  • Fraser Coast Anglican College [27]
  • Xavier Catholic College [28]
  • St. James Lutheran College [29]
  • Bayside Christian College [30]

Hervey Bay also has two Higher Education institutes, a campus of the University of the Sunshine Coast and the Wide Bay Institute of TAFE.[31][32] and a State Government Special School.

Amenities[edit]

The Fraser Coast Regional Council operate the Hervey Bay library at 161 Old Maryborough Road, Pialba.[33]

Commerce[edit]

Stockland Hervey Bay[edit]

Hervey Bay and the Fraser Coast region's largest shopping centre is Stockland Hervey Bay.[34] It is a regional shopping center located in the suburb of Urraween. Stockland Acquired the centre in April 2011, at the time it had a floor area of 15,600 square meters, and 48 stores. In 2013 Stockland begun construction of a $115 million redevelopment that would double the floor area to over 35,000 square metres.[34] The development would include an additional 70 specialty stores and a 500-seat food court, taking the total number of stores to 110.[35]

Sports[edit]

Hervey Bay has an active sporting community with the geography and climate encouraging a diverse range of activities. The natural foreshore area of Hervey Bay has a 14-kilometre (8.7 mi) long bike and pedestrian path that visibly integrates recreational fitness into the environment and community. Competition sports are generally regional and played against nearby cities, Bundaberg, Maryborough and Gympie. The calm waters and gently sloped beaches make recreational and competitive water sports popular and accessible. These include sailing, kite boarding, water skiing, wake boarding, kayaking, out-rigging, snorkelling, scuba diving and ocean swimming. The Hervey Bay Triathlon started in 1988 and has been raced annually since. The local rugby league team, Hervey Bay Seagulls, are the cornerstone of rugby league in the Hervey Bay area.

Whale watching[edit]

Hervey Bay is the whale watching capital of Australia, with humpback whales migrating along the coast between April and October every year. Researchers at The Oceania Project conducted a 25-year study which found the bay was an important social hub for humpback whales.[36] Whale number have increased from about 2,000 in 1992, to around 33,000 in 2018.[36] Hervey Bay is a stopover for mature female humpback whales. Mature females visit Hervey Bay during August in company with the cohort of immature males and females. During September and October Hervey Bay is dominated by Mature females with new calves. The humpback whales are known to be very relaxed in the company of the whale watching vessels.

Sister cities[edit]

According to the Australian Sister Cities Association, Hervey Bay has two sister cities;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2008 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  2. ^ "2011 Census Community Profiles: Hervey Bay". ABS Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Hervey Bay - population centre in Fraser Coast Region (entry 46749)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Hervey Bay - bay in Fraser Coast Region (entry 15808)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  5. ^ History of Hervey Bay Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  6. ^ Ray Parkin, H. M. Bark Endeavour, Miegunyah Press, 2nd edition 2003, ISBN 0-522-85093-6
  7. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Fraser Island". UNESCO. Archived from the original on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  9. ^ "Woody Island Lighthouses & Ancillary Building Site (entry 602169)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  10. ^ Links Mobility Corridor – Trail Description Archived 24 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Railtrails Australia.
  11. ^ "2018 Fraser Coast RC Mayoral By-Election - Fraser Coast Regional Council - Undivided Council Summary". Electoral Commission of Queensland. 14 May 2018. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  12. ^ Green, Antony. "Hervey Bay". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  13. ^ Clementine Norton (8 January 2010). "Water to be sent to Hervey Bay". News Mail. The Bundaberg Newspaper Company. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  14. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hervey Bay (Significant Urban Area)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 June 2019. Edit this at WikidataCC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Archived 16 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "Hervey Bay Airport". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  16. ^ Hervey Bay schools - a directory of the schools in Hervey Bay Archived 12 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  17. ^ "Kawungan SS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  18. ^ "Urangan Point SS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  19. ^ "Yarrilee SS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  20. ^ "Pialba SS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  21. ^ "Sandy Strait SS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  22. ^ "Torquay SS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  23. ^ "Hervey Bay SHS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Urangan SHS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  25. ^ "Carinity Education - Glendyne". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  26. ^ "Star of the Sea". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  27. ^ "Fraser Coast Anglican College". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  28. ^ "Xavier Catholic College". Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  29. ^ "St James Lutheran College". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  30. ^ "Bayside Christian College". Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  31. ^ "Fraser Coast Campus". Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  32. ^ Queensland, TAFE. "TAFE Queensland". www.widebay.tafe.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Location and hours". Fraser Coast Regional Council. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  34. ^ a b "Stockland Hervey Bay Retail Centre". PDT Architects. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  35. ^ "Stockland to double size of Hervey Bay shopping complex". www.businessspectator.com.au. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  36. ^ a b "Bay's a social hub for whales". Fraser Coast Chronicle. The Maryborough Hervey Bay Newspaper Company. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  37. ^ "Leshan, China". Fraser Coast Regional Council. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2012.

External links[edit]