Herzegovina-Neretva Canton

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Herzegovina-Neretva Canton

Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton
Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija
Flag of Herzegovina-Neretva
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Location of Herzegovina-Neretva
StatusCanton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital
and largest city
Mostar
Official languagesBosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Ethnic groups
(2013[1])
53.29% Croats
41.44% Bosniaks
2.90% Serbs
2.37% others
Demonym(s)Herzegovnian-Neretvanian
GovernmentParliamentary system
• Prime Minister
Nevenko Herceg
LegislatureAssembly of the Herzegovina-Neretva County
Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
• Establishment
12 June 1996
Area
• Total
4,401 km2 (1,699 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 census
222,007
• Density
53.69/km2 (139.1/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Total
BAM 1,184.630
• Per capita
BAM 5013.71
CurrencyBAM
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright

The Herzegovina-Neretva Canton (Croatian: Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija;[2] Bosnian: Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton[3]) is one of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The canton mainly comprises the Neretva river valley area and parts of Herzegovina west of Mostar, its administrative center.

Municipalities[edit]

The canton is split into the municipalities of Čapljina, Čitluk, Jablanica, Konjic, Mostar, Neum, Prozor-Rama, Ravno and Stolac.

Geography and features[edit]

Rama lake
Konjic municipality

The canton is the only canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina with access to the sea via the municipality of Neum. Neum is a town of 2,000 citizens (1991 census) and the area around the city is rich with historical and archeological remains of the Illyrians, a people who lived in the Balkans for many thousands of years.

The largest city in the canton and the fifth largest city in the country is Mostar. Mostar is located on the banks of the Neretva river and is divided between Croats and Bosniaks. Mostar is known for its old bridge, Stari Most, which was constructed by the area's Ottoman rulers, who also brought Islam to the region. Bosnian Croat forces bombed and destroyed the bridge on November 8, 1993. Upon its destruction it had stood for 427 years and had become a symbol of a shared cultural heritage and "peaceful" co-existence. The bridge was reconstructed in the summer of 2004. The opening ceremony was attended by several foreign delegates including Stjepan Mesić, the President of Croatia.

Other notable cities in this canton are Čapljina, Konjic, Jablanica and Međugorje, the most significant Marian shrine in the region. Jablanica and Konjic are notable for battles which took place there during World War II and there is a large museum in Jablanica dedicated to these battles.

The Neretva river runs through the cities of Konjic, Jablanica, Mostar and Čapljina before it flows through Croatia and into the Adriatic Sea. There are large lakes in the canton such as the Jablanica lake located around the city Jablanica. The southern most municipality in the canton is the Neum municipality which borders the Adriatic sea and the eastern most municipality is the Ravno municipality along the border with Croatia.

Demographics[edit]

Of the ten cantons comprising the Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina, Herzegovina-Neretva Canton is one of two cantons, the other being the Central Bosnia Canton, nearly equally populated by Bosniaks and Croats. In such cantons there are special legislative procedures for the protection of the constituent ethnic groups.

Croats form a majority in the municipalities of Čapljina, Čitluk, Neum, Prozor-Rama, and Ravno.[citation needed] Bosniaks form an absolute majority in the municipalities of Jablanica and Konjic, and a relative majority in Stolac and Mostar according to the 1991 census.[citation needed]

2013 Census[edit]

Municipality Nationality
Total
Bosniaks
%
Croats
%
Serbs
%
Čapljina 4,541 17.36 20,538 78.51 714 2.72 26,157
Čitluk 29 0.15 17,900 98.67 18 0.09 18,140
Jablanica 9,045 89.45 726 7.18 63 0.62 10,111
Konjic 22,486 89.41 1,553 6.17 355 1.41 25,148
Mostar 46,752 44.19 51,216 48.40 4,421 4.17 105,797
Neum 63 01.35 4,543 97.63 21 0.45 4,653
Prozor-Rama 3,525 24.69 10,702 74.94 3 0.02 14,280
Ravno 20 0.62 2,633 81.79 558 17.33 3,219
Stolac 5,544 38.22 8,486 58.51 279 1.92 14,502
Canton 92,005 41.44 118,297 53.28 6,432 2.89 222,007

Page text.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sarajevo, juni 2016. CENZUS OF POPULATION, HOUSEHOLDS AND DWELLINGS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, 2013 FINAL RESULTS (PDF). BHAS. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  2. ^ The Constitution of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton (Croatian)
  3. ^ The Constitution of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton (Bosnian)
  4. ^ Link text, additional text.

Coordinates: 43°27′N 17°49′E / 43.450°N 17.817°E / 43.450; 17.817