Herzgruft

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Coordinates: 48°12′20.6″N 16°22′2″E / 48.205722°N 16.36722°E / 48.205722; 16.36722

Augustinian Church in Vienna, which houses the Herzgruft

The Herzgruft (English: Hearts Crypt) is a burial chamber that protects 54 urns containing the hearts of members of the House of Habsburg. The crypt is located behind the Loreto Chapel in the Augustinian Church within the Hofburg Palace complex in Vienna, Austria.[1]

The first heart, belonging to King Ferdinand IV, was placed in the Augustinian Church on 10 July 1654, according to his wishes. The last heart, belonging to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria, was placed in the crypt on 8 March 1878. The bodies of all but three of the hearts are in the Imperial Crypt a few blocks away.[1]

History[edit]

King Ferdinand IV instructed that his heart would be interred at the foot of the Holy Mother in the Augustinian Church in Vienna. Following the death of the king on 9 July 1654, the corpse was embalmed and the heart was placed in a goblet and displayed on the death bed. The next day, around 9:00 pm, the heart was transferred to the Loreto Chapel and buried at the foot of the Madonna in a simple celebration. With this simple act of piety, a custom was started to bury the hearts of all members of the House of Habsburg in the crypt alongside the heart of King Ferdinand IV. By 1878, 54 hearts were brought to this simple crypt.[1]

Crypt[edit]

Upper row[edit]

In the upper row, arranged in sequence of death date (from left to right):

  • 1 Empress Anna of Tyrol (4 October 1585 – 15 December 1618) →Family Tree Daughter of Ferdinand II, Duke of Tyrol and wife of her cousin Emperor Matthias.2 Buried in tomb 1 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 2 Emperor Matthias (1557–1619) →Family Tree Third son of Emperor Maximilian II. Husband of Empress Anna.1 Buried in tomb 2 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 3 Emperor Ferdinand II (1578–1637) →Family Tree Eldest son of Archduke Charles II of Styria. Buried in the Grazer Dom, Graz.
  • 4 King Ferdinand IV of the Romans (8 September 1633 – 9 July 1654) →Family Tree Eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand III. Founder of this Herzgruft. Buried in tomb 29 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 5 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm (6 April 1614 – 20 November 1662) →Family Tree Son of Emperor Ferdinand II.3 Named at age 13 to take over his uncle Leopold's renounced see of Halberstaedt (when he became 22, this was confirmed by the Pope) and later became also Bishop of Olomouc, Bishop of Breslau, and Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. Buried in tomb 115 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 6 Empress Margarita Teresa (12 August 1651 – 12 March 1673) →Family Tree Niece, cousine and first wife of Emperor Leopold I11 at age 15. Buried in tomb 20 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 7 Empress Eleonora Magdalena of Mantua-Nevers-Gonzaga (18 November 1630 – 6 December 1686) →Family Tree Third wife of Emperor Ferdinand III. Foundress of the Order of the Starry Cross (the Sternkreuzorden). Buried in tomb 19 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 8 Archduchess Maria Antonia (18 January 1669 – 24 December 1692) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold I11 and wife of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria. Buried in tomb 28 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 9 Archduchess Maria Theresia (1684–1696) →Family Tree Twelve-year-old daughter of Emperor Leopold I.11 Buried in tomb 25 of the Imperial Crypt.
  • 10 Archduchess Maria Josepha (1687–1703) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold I.11 Buried in tomb 16 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 11 Emperor Leopold I (9 June 1640 – 5 May 1705) →Family Tree Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III and father of Emperors Joseph I12 and Karl IV.13 Buried in tomb 37 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 12 Emperor Joseph I (1678–1711) →Family Tree Son of Emperor Leopold I.11 Buried in tomb 35 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 13 Emperor Karl VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740) →Family Tree Younger son of Emperor Leopold I.11 Buried in tomb 40 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 14 Archduchess Maria Elisabeth (1680–1741) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold I.11 Buried in tomb 38 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 15 Archduchess Maria Anna (14 September 1718 – 16 December 1744) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Karl VI.13 and sister of Empress Maria Theresia.21 Buried in tomb 39 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 16 Unnamed princess (1744) →Family Tree Daughter of Prince Charles of Lorraine and Archduchess Maria Anna.15 Buried in tomb 47 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 17 Empress Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (28 August 1691 – 21 December 1750) →Family Tree Wife (1708) of Emperor Karl VI13 and mother of Empress Maria Theresa.21 Buried in tomb 36 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 18 Archduke Karl Joseph Emanuel Johann Nepomuck Anton Prokop (1 February 1745 – 18 January 1761) →Family Tree Second son of Emperor Franz I Stephen20 and Empress Maria Theresa.21 Buried in tomb 44 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 19 Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela Josephe Antonie (4 February 1750 – 23 December 1762 →Family Tree Eighth daughter of Emperor Franz I Stephen20 and Empress Maria Theresa.21 Buried in tomb 45 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 20 Emperor Franz I Stephen (Lunéville 8 December 1708 – Innsbruck 18 August 1765) →Family Tree Duke of Lorraine and Grand Duke of Tuscany. Husband of Empress Maria Theresa,21 Buried in tomb 55 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 21 Empress Maria Theresa (13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) →Family Tree Eldest surviving descendant of Emperor Karl VI,13→Family Tree her ascension was contested and officially the crown of the Empire went to her husband (1736) Emperor Franz I Stephen.20 Buried in tomb 56 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 22 Archduchess Louise Elisabeth (Vienna 18 February 1790 – Vienna 24 June 1791) →Family Tree Infant first daughter of Emperor Franz II43 and Empress Maria Theresia Caroline.35 Buried in tomb 66 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 23 Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) →Family Tree Third son of Empress Maria Theresia.21 →Family Tree Buried in tomb 113 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 24 Empress Maria Ludovika (24 November 1745 – 15 May 1792) →Family Tree Wife of Emperor Leopold II23 and mother of Emperor Franz II43. Buried in tomb 114 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 25 Archduchess Maria Karoline Leopoldine Franziska Theresia Josepha Medarde (Vienna 8 June 1794 – Vienna 16 March 1795) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Franz II43 and Maria Theresia Caroline.35 Buried in tomb 95 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 26 Archduke Alexander Leopold Johann Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (Poggio Imperiale 14 August 1772 – Laxenburg 12 July 1795) →Family Tree Fourth son of Emperor Leopold II23 and Empress Maria Ludovika.24 Buried in tomb 64 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 27 Archduchess Maria Amalia Josephe Johanna Katharina Theresia (Florence 15 October 1780 – Vienna 25 December 1798) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold II23 and Empress Maria Ludovika.24 Buried in tomb 65 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 28 Archduchess Maria Christina Johanna Josephe Antonie ("Mimi") (3 May 1742 – 24 June 1798) →Family Tree Favorite daughter of Empress Maria Theresia.21 and wife of Duke Albert of Teschen.40 The famous and moving monument he erected to her memory is in the nave of this Augustinerkirche church. Buried in tomb 112 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 29 Archduchess Caroline Ludovika Leopoldine (Vienna 9 December 1795 – Schloß Hetzendorf 30 June 1799) →Family Tree Fourth daughter of Emperor Franz II43 and Maria Theresia.35 Buried in tomb 87 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 30 Archduke Maximilian Franz (8 December 1756 – 26 July 1801) →Family Tree Youngest son of Empress Maria Theresia.21 Archbishop of Cologne. Buried in tomb 118 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 31 Archduchess Karoline Ferdinanda (1793–1802) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Franz II43 and Maria Theresia.35 Buried in tomb 79 in the Imperial Crypt.
  • 32 Grand Duchess Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa of Naples and Sicily (Naples 27 July 1773 – Vienna 19 September 1802) →Family Tree Daughter of Queen Maria Karolina of Naples and Sicily.38 First wife (1790) of Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany. →Family Tree Buried in tomb 84 in the Imperial Crypt.

Lower row[edit]

In the lower row, arranged in sequence of death date (from left to right):

  • 33 Marie Amalie Josepha Johanna Antonie (Vienna 26 February 1746 – Prague 18 June 1804) Daughter of Empress Maria Theresia.21 Buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Die Herzgruft in der Loretokapelle". Augustinerkirche. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 

External links[edit]