|• ISO 259||Herçliya|
|• Also spelled||Herzliya (official)|
Herzliya Aerial View
|• Mayor||Moshe Fadlon|
|• Total||21,585 dunams (21.585 km2 or 8.334 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||named for Theodor Herzl|
Herzliya (//; Hebrew: הֶרְצֵלִיָּה [hɛʁtsɛliˈja]; Arabic: هرتسيليا [hɪrtsiːlja]) is an affluent city in the central coast of Israel, at the Northern part of the Tel Aviv District known for its robust start-up and entrepreneurial culture. In 2015 it had a population of 91,926. Named after Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism, Herzliya covers an area of 21.6 square kilometres (8.3 sq mi). At its western municipal boundaries is Herzliya Pituah, one of Israel's most affluent neighborhoods and home to numerous Embassies, as well as prominent Israeli business people.
Herzliya, named after Theodor Herzl, was founded in 1924 as a semi-cooperative farming community (moshava) with a mixed population of new immigrants and veteran residents. The 1931 census recorded a population of 1217 inhabitants, in 306 houses. After the establishment of the state in 1948, large numbers of immigrants settled there. In 1960, when the population reached 25,000, Herzliya was declared a city.
According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, residents of Herzliya are among the wealthiest in Israel. In 2003–2005, average monthly salaries were NIS 8,211, or about NIS 1,500 above average in a survey of Israel's 15 largest cities. However, there is a large gap between the city's seven working-class neighborhoods, among them Yad Tisha, Neve Yisrael and Neve Amal, and upscale Herzliya Pituah. The population is older than that of other cities in the Sharon region: 18% are under 14 years old, compared to a national average of 27.5%.
Education and culture
Investment in education was higher than all other cities in the survey and more high school students were eligible for a bagrut matriculation certificate. The Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center is a private college that was founded in 1994 by Prof. Uriel Reichman, who serves as its president to this day.
Israel's largest television and film studio, Herzliya Studios (Ulpanei Herzliya), is located in Herzliya. The Herzliya Marina was built in the 1970s. The city has a small airport, three shopping malls (Arena Mall, Seven Stars Mall and the Outlet), movie theaters, museums, cultural centers and a stadium. In 2008, the Herzliya Cinematheque opened in the downtown area of the city.
- Avraham Raphael Hirsch, 1937–38
- Shmuel Zeev ("Shin-Zayin") Levin, 1938–43
- Ben Zion Michaeli, 1943–60
- Pesah Yifhar, 1960–66
- Interim council led by Natan Rosenthal, 1966–67
- Yosef Nevo, 1969–83
- Eli Landau, 1983–98 (Likud)
- Yael German, 1998–2013 (Meretz, later independent)
- Yehonatan Yas'ur, 2013–2013
- Interim council led by Moshe Fadlon, 2015
One of the founders' homes has been turned into a museum Beit Rishonim documenting the history of Herzliya. The Herzliya Museum of Art is part of the Yad Labanim memorial complex. West of Herzliya is Sidna Ali, a Muslim holy site. To the northwest is Tel Arsaf (Arsuf) and the Apollonia National Park. Inhabited from the Persian period until the Crusader period, the site contains the remains of the Crusader town of Arsuf, including a fortress surrounded by a moat. Another archaeological site, Tel Michal, lies on Herzliya's Mediterranean coast 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of Arsuf.
Since its inception in 2000, the Herzliya Conference has become an annual summit of the most influential Israeli and international leaders. The conference is attended by government ministers, Knesset members, senior defense officials, leaders of the Israeli business community, senior academicians, media representatives from Israel and abroad, delegates of world Jewish organizations, foreign dignitaries and Israeli diplomats.
The city has two football clubs, Maccabi Herzliya and Hapoel Herzliya, both of which are based at the 7,100-capacity Herzliya Municipal Stadium. The Bnei HaSharon basketball club plays its games in Herzliya and Ra'anana (the club was formed by a merger of the Herzliya and Ra'anana teams). Herzliya is also one of the centres of rugby union in Israel.
Some of Israel's most expensive homes and finest beaches are in Herzliya Pituah, a neighborhood on the west side of Herzliya. Herzliya Pituach is a sought-after venue for high-tech companies, and its marina, many restaurants and entertainment spots have turned this part of Herzliya into a vibrant hub of Israeli nightlife.
On June 11, 2002, Hadar Hershkowitz (14) was killed in the 2002 Herzliya shawarma restaurant bombing. On May 30, 2006, Re'ut Feldman (20), a resident of Herzliya, was killed in the Kedumim bombing.
Twin towns and sister cities
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- Alicante, Spain
- Banská Bystrica, Slovakia (since 1995)
- Beverly Hills, California, USA
- Bursa, Turkey
- Columbus, Ohio, USA
- Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
- San Bernardino, California, USA
- Funchal, Portugal
- Hollywood, Florida, USA
- Leipzig, Germany
- Marl, Germany
- Yangzhou, People's Republic of China
- Adi Ashkenazi (born 1975), comedian and actress
- Tal Brody (born 1943), basketball player
- Nochi Dankner (born 1954), businessman and billionaire
- Maayan Davidovich (born 1988), Olympic windsurfer
- Abba Eban (born 1915-2002), Israeli statesman who was Foreign Affairs Minister, US and UN ambassador
- Carine Goren (born 1974), pastry chef, cookbook author, television baking show host
- Yaniv Green (born 1980), basketball player
- Meir Har-Zion (born 1934), military commando
- Chaim Herzog (born 1918-1997), 6th Israeli President
- Ágnes Keleti (born 1921), Olympic gymnast, winner of 10 medals
- Alice Schlesinger (born 1988), Olympic judoka
- Alona Tal (born 1983), actress and singer
- Yehuda Weinstein (born 1944), lawyer and the Attorney General of Israel
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Shemes, Hen; Dattel, Lior. "Herzliya: For the Young at Heart, Not the Young". Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- Mills, 1932, p. 13
- "Herzliya". Israel Wonders. GoIsrael.com. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "English Information - סינמטק הרצליה". hcinema.org.il.
- "Herzliya gets its very own cinematheque". Jerusalem Post. 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
- "ראשי, בית ראשונים". brishonim.org.il.
- "Herzliya Museum - Homepage". herzliyamuseum.co.il.
- Herzog, Ze'ev (1993). "Michal, Tel". In Stern, Ephraim. The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 3. Jerusalem, Israel: The Israel Exploration Society, Carta. pp. 1036–1041. ISBN 965-220-211-8.
- "Welcome to the Institute for Policy and Strategy and the Herzliya Conference". Herzliyaconference.org. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- "A funeral instead of graduation," Tovah Lazaroff, June 13, 2002, Jerusalem Post.
- "2BackToHomePage3". mfa.gov.il.
- "Re'ut Feldman". GxMSDev.
- "Banská Bystrica Sister Cities". © 2001-2008. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
- "Beverly Hills street to honor Herzl". Retrieved 2010-05-03.
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