|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2014)|
Location of Heshan City (pink) in Jiangmen City (yellow), Guangdong province, and the PRC
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,108.3 km2 (427.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Heshan (Chinese: 鹤山) is a county-level city of Jiangmen City in the southern part of Guangdong Province, China with a total land area of 1,108.3 square kilometres (427.9 sq mi) and a population of 360,000.[when?] If migrants this figure rises to around 550,000 persons residing within the city's borders. There are approximately 360,000 people of Heshan origin or descent living in other parts of the world.
Situated about 60 kilometres (37 mi) south west of the provincial capital, Guangzhou, Heshan occupies a strategic location on the Pearl River Delta, commanding the northern gateway to Jiangmen's five prefectures. Along the opposite bank of the same river, lie the two municipalities of Nanhai and Shunde. Heshan is around one hour from Hong Kong and Macau by road. The city's harbour can accommodate vessels of up to 3,000 ton[convert: unit invalid here]. Ships ply from here to Hong Kong directly.
Heshan was decreed as a prefecture in the 10th year (1732) of the reign of Yong Zheng, third emperor of the Qing Dynasty. In 1993, its administrative status was raised to that of a municipality. Its name, which means 'Mount Crane' , was given to it because of a mountain within its boundary that closely resembles the shape of that bird.
Heshan Municipality administers ten towns:
- Yayao (雅瑶)
- Gulao （古劳）
- Longkou （龙口）
- Taoyuan （桃源）
- Hecheng （鹤城）
- Gonghe （共和）
- Zhishan （址山）
- Shuanghe （双合）
- Zaiwu （宅梧）
- Shaping （沙坪）.
Heshan is located at the center of one of China's largest furniture producing areas, with approximately 10% of the worlds furniture produced on its outskirts.
Heshan is the birthplace of the Southern dance style known as the Hok San lion dance.