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Heshana Khagan (r. 610–617, died 619), was the second Khagan and third ruler of the Western Turkic Khaganate. He was the son of Niri Qaghan. About 605 rebels drove him from Dzungaria to the Ili River area. He as defeated by Sheguy and fled east to Karakoja (Gaochang) and a year later to Chang'an. By 619, he was no longer in control of his khaganate and was at Chang'an, the capital of China's Tang Dynasty, when Emperor Gaozu of Tang, giving in to Eastern Turk pressure, had him delivered to Eastern Turk emissaries to be executed.
Names:Chinese: 曷娑那可汗, Modern Chinese: (Pinyin): hésuōnà kěhàn, (Wade-Giles): ho-so-na k'o-han, Middle Chinese (Guangyun) [ɣɑt.sɑ˥˩nɑ˩ kʰɑ˥ɣɑn˩˥] or 曷薩那可汗/曷萨那可汗, hésànà kěhàn, ho-sa-na k'o-han; at one point known as Chuluo Khan (處羅可汗/处罗可汗) and (泥厥處羅可汗/泥厥处罗可汗), personal name Ashina Daman (阿史那達漫/阿史那达漫, āshǐnà dámàn, a-shih-na ta-man.
- Karakoja, Niri and 605 are from Christoph Baumer, History of Central Asia, volume two, 2014, (index). The rest is probably from Lev Gumilyov.
|Khagan of the Western Turkic Khaganate
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