Hesper (shipwreck)

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Hesper.jpg
History
Namesake: Hesperus, the evening star
Builder: Ship Owners Dry Dock Company, Cleveland, Ohio
Launched: June 28, 1890
Fate: Sank 4 May 1905
Notes: [1]
General characteristics
Displacement: 1540 long tons (1560 metric tons)
Length: 250 ft (76.2 m)
Beam: 41.6 ft (12.7 m)
Draught: 20.2 ft (6.2 m)
Propulsion: Vertical triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine, 825 horsepower
Complement: Captain E.H. Heaton and a crew of 15
Hesper Shipwreck Site
Hesper 016.JPG
A section of several long bolts on the ceiling, presumably used to mount the engine.
Hesper (shipwreck) is located in Minnesota
Hesper (shipwreck)
Hesper (shipwreck) is located in the US
Hesper (shipwreck)
Nearest citySilver Bay, Minnesota, USA
Coordinates47°16′17″N 91°16′18″W / 47.27139°N 91.27167°W / 47.27139; -91.27167Coordinates: 47°16′17″N 91°16′18″W / 47.27139°N 91.27167°W / 47.27139; -91.27167
Built1890
ArchitectRadcliffe, William H.; Shipowners Drydock Company
MPSMinnesota's Lake Superior Shipwrecks MPS
NRHP reference #94000343 [2]
Added to NRHPApril 14, 1994

Hesper was a bulk-freighter steamship that was used to tow schooner-barges on the Great Lakes. She sank in Lake Superior off Silver Bay, Minnesota, in a late-spring snowstorm in 1905. The remains of the ship are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Hesper was a wooden-hulled, single-screw, triple-masted, cargo ship built by the Bradley Transportation Company in Cleveland, Ohio. She was used to haul both iron ore and grain, two products important to Minnesota's economy at the time.[3]

Hesper was caught in a late-spring snowstorm on 4 May 1905,[4] with a strong nor'easter with winds of 60 mph (97 km/hr) driving her off her intended course and smashing her into a reef that now marks the southwest end of the harbor in Silver Bay, Minnesota. The ship foundered and sank in about 42 feet (13 m) of water. The crew was able to escape in the ship's lifeboats, but the ship was a total loss.[5]

The wreck of Hesper is well preserved and lies in 30 to 48 feet (9 to 15 meters) of water about halfway down the west breakwall of the Silver Bay harbor. The hull is split apart at the turn of the bilge, and the port and starboard sides of the ship lie alongside and roughly parallel to the ceiling of the hull. The sides both contain timbers that were used to mount the decks, which are no longer present. The decks are presumed to have washed ashore after the ship sank. The aft end of the hull contains a number of long bolts that were presumably used to mount the engine.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hesper Shipwreck – Historic Description". Minnesota Historical Society. 1996. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  2. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. ^ "Lake Superior Shipwrecks: Hesper". Minnesota Historical Society. 1996. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  4. ^ "Hesper". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
  5. ^ "Hesper Shipwreck – Description of the Wreck Event". Minnesota Historical Society. 1996. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  6. ^ "Hesper Shipwreck – Present Description". Minnesota Historical Society. 1996. Retrieved 2007-09-12.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gardner, Denis P. (Winter 2003–2004). "Landmarks: Hesper". Minnesota History. Minnesota Historical Society Press. 58 (8): 381. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02.