Hesperia (butterfly)

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Hesperia
Hesperiidae - Hesperia comma.JPG
Hesperia comma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Subfamily: Hesperiinae
Tribe: Hesperiini
Genus: Hesperia
Fabricius, 1793
Species

About 20, see text.

Hesperia (the branded skippers) is a Holarctic genus in the skippers (Hesperiidae) butterfly family. Most species are endemic to North America, Hesperia comma is widespread throughout the region. H. florinda is endemic to temperate eastern Asia. H. nabokovi is endemic to Hispaniola.

Presumably Fabricius named the genus for Hesperia, one of the Hesperides.

Hesperia species are:

  • Hesperia assiniboia (Lyman, 1892) – Plains skipper
  • Hesperia attalus (WH Edwards, 1871) – dotted skipper – south United States
    • Hesperia attalus attalus (WH Edwards, 1871)
    • Hesperia attalus nigrescens (Gatrelle, 1999) – dark dotted skipper
    • Hesperia attalus slossonae (Skinner, 1871) – Slosson's dotted skipper
  • Hesperia caucasica Riabov, 1926 Caucasus
  • Hesperia colorado (Scudder, 1874) – western branded skipper
    • Hesperia colorado colorado (Scudder, 1874)
    • Hesperia colorado mattoonorum (McGuire, 1998)
    • Hesperia colorado ochracea – ochre branded skipper
    • Hesperia colorado oregonia – Oregon branded skipper
    • Hesperia colorado oroplata
    • Hesperia colorado susanae – Susan's branded skipper
  • Hesperia columbia (Scudder, 1872) – Columbian skipper – California to Southwest Oregon
  • Hesperia comma (Linnaeus, 1758) – silver-spotted skipper or common branded skipper
  • Hesperia dacotae (Skinner, 1911) – Dakota skipper
  • Hesperia florinda (Butler, 1878)
    • Hesperia florinda florinda (Butler, 1878) Transbaikalia, Korea, Amur, Ussuri, Japan
    • Hesperia florinda rozhkovi Kurentzov, 1970
  • Hesperia juba (Scudder, 1872) – Juba skipper
  • Hesperia leonardus (Harris, 1862) – Leonard's skipper
    • Hesperia leonardus leonardus (Harris, 1862) – (= stallingsi (HA Freeman, 1943) – morph)
    • Hesperia leonardus montana (Skinner, 1911) – mountain skipper
    • Hesperia leonardus pawnee (Dodge, 1874) – Pawnee skipper (= ogallala (Leussler, 1921))
  • Hesperia lindseyi (Holland, 1930) – Lindsey's skipper – Southwest Oregon, California, Southwest Arizona
    • Hesperia lindseyi lindseyi (Holland, 1930)
    • Hesperia lindseyi eldorado (J Emmel, T Emmel & Matoon, 1998)
    • Hesperia lindseyi macneilli (J Emmel, T Emmel & Matoon, 1998)
    • Hesperia lindseyi septentrionalis (J Emmel, T Emmel & Matoon, 1998)
  • Hesperia meskei WH Edwards, 1877 – Meke's skipper, Dixie skipper – Texas to Florida
    • Hesperia meskei meskei WH Edwards, 1877
    • Hesperia meskei pinocayo (Gatrelle and Minno) – Rockland skipper
    • Hesperia meskei straton (WH Edwards, 1881) – Easter Meske's skipper
  • Hesperia metea Scudder, 1863 – cobweb skipper
    • Hesperia metea metea (Scudder, 1864)
    • Hesperia metea intermedia (Gatrelle) – southern cobweb skipper
    • Hesperia metea licinus (Edwards, 1871) – Licinus cobweb skipper
  • Hesperia miriamae MacNeill, 1959 – Sierra skipper – Inyo County, California
    • Hesperia miriamae miriamae MacNeill, 1959
    • Hesperia miriamae longaevicola (McGuire, 1998)
  • Hesperia nabokovi (Bell & Comstock, 1948) Hispaniola
  • Hesperia nevada (Scudder, 1874) – Nevada skipper
    • Hesperia nevada nevada (Scudder, 1874)
    • Hesperia nevada sierra Austin, J Emmel, T Emmel & Matoon, 1998 – western Nevada skipper
  • Hesperia ottoe WH Edwards, 1866 – Ottoe skipper
  • Hesperia pahaska Luessler, 1938 – Pahaska skipper
    • Hesperia pahaska pahaska Luessler, 1938
    • Hesperia pahaska martini (MacNeill, 1964) – Martin's skipper
    • Hesperia pahaska williamsi (Lindsey, 1938) – William's skipper
  • Hesperia pawnee Dodge, 1874 Colorado
  • Hesperia sassacus Harris, 1862 – Indian skipper
    • Hesperia sassacus sassacus Harris, 1862
    • Hesperia sassacus manitoboides (Fletcher, 1888) – northwestern Indian skipper
    • Hesperia sassacus nantahala (Gatrelle & Grkovich) – Carolina Indian skipper
  • Hesperia uncas WH Edwards, 1863 – Uncas skipper
    • Hesperia uncas uncas WH Edwards, 1863 (= ridingsii (Reakirt, 1866))
    • Hesperia uncas fulvapella (Austin & McGuire, 1998)
    • Hesperia uncas gilberti MacNeill, 1964
    • Hesperia uncas giulianii (McGuire, 1998)
    • Hesperia uncas grandiosa (Austin & McGuire, 1998)
    • Hesperia uncas lasus (WH Edwards, 1881)
    • Hesperia uncas macswaini MacNeill, 1964 – MacSwain's skipper
    • Hesperia uncas reeseorum (Austin & McGuire, 1998) – Reeses' Uncas skipper
    • Hesperia uncas terraclivosa (Austin & McGuire, 1998)
  • Hesperia viridis (WH Edwards, 1883) – green skipper – Mexico, New Mexico
  • Hesperia woodgatei (RC Williams, 1914) – Apache skipper – Arizona, New Mexico, South Texas, North Mexico

References and external links[edit]