Hessay

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Hessay
Poppleton Lakes, near Hessay, York.jpg
Poppleton Lakes, east of Hessay
Hessay is located in North Yorkshire
Hessay
Hessay
Hessay shown within North Yorkshire
Population 300 
OS grid reference SE523533
Civil parish
  • Hessay
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO26
Dialling code 01904
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°58′25″N 1°12′11″W / 53.97370°N 1.20292°W / 53.97370; -1.20292Coordinates: 53°58′25″N 1°12′11″W / 53.97370°N 1.20292°W / 53.97370; -1.20292

Hessay is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of the City of York in North Yorkshire, England 4.7 miles (7.5 km) west of York.[1]

History[edit]

The rural village of Hessay enjoys a peaceful open setting within the vale of York, a glacial plane created in the last ice age.

To the east, York Minster is visible from New Road. To the west, RAF Menwith Hill is visible. To the north, both the Kilburn White Horse, and Bilsdale Television mast some 25 miles (40 km) away may be seen during darkness.[2]

The Name Shirbutt Lane is Derived from Shire Butts, from Days When the village was a Jousting Location, it is still possible on occasion to recognise the location of the jousting butts.[2]

Hessay is described in the Domesday Book at Hesdesai, the lake where the hazels grew.[3]

Hessay used to have a railway station on the Harrogate Line. The station closed to passengers in 1958,[4] but the Ministry of Defence sidings at Hessay were open until 1991 with closure of the unit effected by March 1996.[5]

According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 181,[6] increasing to 265 at the 2011 Census.[7] Before 1996 it had been part of the Harrogate district. Recent developments have increased the population to over 300 though the actual figure is not known.[8] There are approximately ninety houses in Hessay.

Churches[edit]

Although the village has no pub, no post office and no shop, it has two fine churches - St John the Baptist Anglican church[9] and the Methodist church.[10] The village was given to the St Mary's Abbey, York by Osbern de Archis and continued in their possession until The Dissolution.[11]

Centre of Yorkshire[edit]

In February 2012 the parish of Hessay was deduced to be at the geographical centre of Yorkshire by Ordnance Survey.[12] However, four years earlier, the honour was bestowed upon Cattal further west, with the ash tree at Barkston Ash also being pointed out as being the centre of Yorkshire.[13]

Wildlife[edit]

Hessay boasts an abundance of wildlife, Notable bird species include Barn Owls, Tawny Owls, Little Owls, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Skylarks, Green Plover (Lapwing), Oyster Catchers, Jays, Rooks, Magpies, Carrion Crow. From the population of small mammals which includes Field, Wood and Harvest Mice, Voles and Shrews, supports the upper end of the food chain of Merlins, Kestrels, Red Kites, Buzzards, Hobby, Sparrow Hawks, Goshawks, a Peregrine falcon has even been seen to take prey from the surrounding farmland. There is a small but increasing mumuration of Starlings which are believed to roost at the west end of Hessay Industrial Estate. Curlew Field Farm Takes it name from the Curlews which nest in the Vicinity. Kingfishers and Grey Herons visit the many small ponds in the Parish which are home to newts and salamanders. there are many garden birds, blue tits, long tailed tits, great tits, Blackbirds, Song and Mistle Thrush, Robins wrens Tree and House Sparrows. The cuckoo can be heard calling in April and May.[2]

Bats roost in a number of buildings and trees in the village,

References[edit]

  1. ^ "105" (Map). York & Selby (C ed.). 1:50,000. Landranger. Ordnance Survey. 1998. ISBN 0-319-22407-4. 
  2. ^ a b c "A History of Hessay". Hessay Parish Council. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 237. OCLC 400936. 
  4. ^ Young, Alan. "Hessay". Disused Stations. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Army Storage Facilities". Hansard. UK Parliament. 19 January 1995. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Key Figures for 2001 Census: Key Statistics - Area: Hessay (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 February 2016. 
  8. ^ Oake, Sebastian (28 February 2012). "A place in the heart... the village people at the very centre of all things Yorkshire". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "St. John the Baptist's Church, Hessay". Genuki. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "The Methodist Church, Hessay". Genuki. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "the Parish of Moor Monkton:". Genuki. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "Where is the Geographic Centre of Yorkshire?". Yorkshire Ridings. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  13. ^ Catton, Richard (12 May 2012). "Hessay said to be exact centre of Yorkshire". The York Press. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hessay at Wikimedia Commons