Hesse's Demi Bastion

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Hesse's Demi Bastion
Part of Fortifications of Gibraltar
Landport, Gibraltar
Big battery in Gibraltar20.jpg
Hesse's Demi Bastion as seen from Landport.
Type Demi-bastion
Site information
Owner Government of Gibraltar

Hesse's Demi Bastion is a demi-bastion in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. It is part of the Northern Defences of Gibraltar. The bastion forms a link in a chain of fortifications which ascend the lower north-west slopes of the Rock of Gibraltar, below the King's Lines Battery and Bombproof Battery. The Moorish Castle's Tower of Homage is at the top of the same incline.

History[edit]

It was originally the Baluado de S. Pedro (St. Peter's Bastion) during the Spanish period prior to the Capture of Gibraltar in 1704 under Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, after whom the bastion is named.[1] The old Spanish bastion was rebuilt and renamed by the British in 1730. In 1762, during the Seven Years' War, it was armed with two 18-pdrs and four 4-pdrs to flank the ditch in front of the Landport Gate. By 1885 the bastion's guns were all 32-pdrs.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Fortifications of Gibraltar 1068-1945. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Hughes, Quentin; Migos, Athanassios (1995). Strong as the Rock of Gibraltar. Exchange Publications. p. 265.