Hessian Barracks

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Hessian Barracks
Hessian Barracks MD1.jpg
Hessian Barracks, December 2011
Hessian Barracks is located in Maryland
Hessian Barracks
Location 242 S. Market St., Frederick, Maryland
Coordinates 39°24′32″N 77°24′35″W / 39.40889°N 77.40972°W / 39.40889; -77.40972Coordinates: 39°24′32″N 77°24′35″W / 39.40889°N 77.40972°W / 39.40889; -77.40972
Area 4 acres (1.6 ha)
Built 1780
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 71000373[1]
Added to NRHP January 25, 1971

The Hessian Barracks is a historic barracks and school building located at Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland, United States. There were two L-shaped buildings built on the site, one was demolished in the 1800s. It is a two-story stone structure with gallery porches and a gable roof. The barracks were reportedly built during the French and Indian War and occupied by General Edward Braddock and his troops on their route to Fort Duquesne. However, evidence suggests that they remained incomplete as late as 1781 when the structure was used as a prison.

The Barracks were put to a variety of used during the 19th century including a state armory, silkworm production site, and hospital after the Battle of Antietam. The yard served as the Agricultural Fairgrounds from 1853 to 1860. In 1867, it was chosen as the site for the Maryland Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, now the Maryland School for the Deaf. The original western barracks building was demolished in 1871 for the construction of a new building.[2]

The Hessian Barracks was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.[1]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Maryland Historical Trust". Hessian Barracks. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-11-21. 

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